being到底要不要省略

我看到有人說分詞構句中有如下時

(A)

be動詞為主要動詞,改成being後不省。

原句: Because you are a student, you should study hard.

簡化: Being a student, you should study hard.

再來看下面句中由某文法書中看到

(B)

原句:Everyone is born is free.

簡化: Everyone is born being free.

上句再省去being,最後為:Everyone is born free.

問題:

由本文法書我對(B)的理解是原句:Everyone is born and Everyone is free.

所以省去連接詞和主詞及is改成being後,為Everyone is born being free.

所以再由(A)的論點來說,Everyone is born being free.中的being不能省了。

但是(B)確是說Everyone is born free.

難道要解釋成前面有is了,所以不會造成語意上的錯誤下,後面的being也省去嗎?

請大家幫幫忙!

謝謝

Update:

Everyone is born free

人生而平等

Update 2:

給goldrabbit368

原句:Everyone is born, is free.

上句中已是簡寫了對嗎?

能不能由還原句開始以分詞構句說明如何化簡成 Everyone is born and free.

=======================================================

給Oicla

我的問題是 Everyone is born free.←這句本來有兩個be動詞

而free全面的be為何可以省略?以分詞構句來說

(A)告訴我們唯一be改being不能省,與上句矛盾的樣子。

以上不懂。

Update 3:

給goldrabbit368

原句:Everyone is born, is free.

上句中已是簡寫了對嗎?

能不能由還原句開始以分詞構句說明如何化簡成 Everyone is born free. (修正)

3 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    (A) 這邊是主詞省略, 動詞加ing變成形容詞子句的文法.

    原句是Because you are a student, you should study hard. (= You should study hard because you are a student). 因為前後主詞一樣, 可以把其中一個主詞省略再將動詞+ing變成子句Because you are a student --> Being a student. 同樣道理, 也可以改成省略後面的主詞you.--> Studying hard, you are a student.

    are在這邊是be動詞, 加ing後變成being, 是不可以省略的, 不然就變成一個不完整的子句.

    (B) 我覺得你的文法書寫錯了, 原句不是Everyone is born is free. 或是Everyone is born, is free. 兩句都是錯誤的文法. Everyone is born is free---> 句子裡不會有一個主詞有兩個動詞, 但沒有連接詞. Everyone is born, is free. 更是錯的離普, 後面一句少了主詞, 但又不是完整的子句.

    如果要寫兩個be動詞, 應該是Everyone is born to be free. 而進一步縮寫成Everyone is born being free. 原句是國際人權宣言第一章的All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. 文法上來說, being被省略是不正確的, 變成被動詞born直接加形容詞free和equal. 但這邊是習慣用語, 文法的對錯就不重要了, 日常用語中你會常看到文法錯誤的句子. (舉例來說, 正常文法應該是I like the photo being taken at your party. 但日常用語, 這邊的being也是常被省略, 大部份人都會說I like the photo taken at your party).

    奇摩字典把The baby was born last Friday. 的born當成形容詞, 是國際的大笑話, 人是被生下來的, 所以是用被動式, 而不是be動詞加形容的用法. 你可以參考劍橋字典born的解釋.

  • 1 decade ago

    A) 原句:

    Because you are a student, you should study hard.

    雖然 are 是動詞,但只是" Verb to Be " 的一種,而不是真正的動詞,

    should study 而是一真正的動詞。

    所以它們不能混為一體。

    因此簡化後便成:

    Being a student, you should study hard.

    (B)

    原句:Everyone is born, is free.

    因此簡化後便成:

    Everyone is born and free.

    上句再簡化後,最後為:Everyone is born free.

    注意: 在這 born 和 free 都是形容詞

    2010-02-05 18:03:32 補充:

    原句:Everyone is born, is free.------已是簡寫了

    它是包含下列的 2 簡單句子:

    1) Everyone is born.

    2) Everyone is free.

    因為 born 和 free 都是形容詞 用來形容 Everyone

    所以可將 1) 和 2) 兩句寫成:

    Everyone is born and free.

    最後便簡化成 Everyone is born free.

    2 個有關連的形容詞可放在一起的。

    例如:

    He is a good wealthy man.

    2010-02-05 19:37:07 補充:

    有網友說:

    原句:Everyone is born, is free. -------文法錯

    =========================

    如果 is born 和 is free 的中間沒有 and 或 ,來分隔它們這便是文法錯,

    但現在是用, 來分隔 它們,所以文法是正確的。

    請參閱下列網頁的例子:

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

  • 1 decade ago

    會不會是因為B句 Everyone is born, and everyone is free.

    沒有像 A句 前面有Because 有因為所以的關係 所以改起來很怪

    Everyone being free is born.

    Being free, everyone is born.

    為什麼是自由的 就出生了

    born 和 free 沒有因為所以的關係 所以文法不能這樣使用

    2010-02-05 16:49:29 補充:

    我想我剛剛沒有很懂你的問題 你問的是說

    B 簡寫成 Everyone is born free. 而不是 Everyone is born being free 嗎?

    2010-02-05 16:59:02 補充:

    喔 原來如此

    Everyone is born free.

    Everyone is born happy.

    這種句子是特例嗎? 為什麼兩個形容詞在一起?

    Source(s): 我想的
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