Liecar. asked in 文學及人文學歷史 · 1 decade ago

!!!翻譯~~中 to Eng~~~

從古代一直至清朝中葉,香港的經濟主要依靠農業、漁業等第一產業,在有限的天然資源之下,大致上做到自給自足。這個情況要到英國於1842年佔領香港才開始有變化。

轉口貿易主導時期

英國看中維多利亞港水深港闊,乃天然良港,便將香港宣佈為自由港,從此來往中國及歐洲各國的貨物及資金開始在香港聚集。英國商人不但在香港興建貨倉及碼頭等海港設備,還開辦了洋行及銀行等貿易配套。不少華人亦從事如搬運及運輸等與貿易相關的業務,而部份華商也來港設立南北行經商。隨著1896年蘇伊士運河通航,大大縮短來往歐洲至香港的航程,使香港的轉口貿易更為繁盛。

在工業方面,19世紀時香港主要依賴造船業,在紅磡及香港仔等地均設有船塢。至20世紀初,香港工業也開始有所發展。由於第一次世界大戰後歐洲工業生產受到影響,使香港多了不少工廠,以九龍一帶為多。

製造業主導時期

香港日治時期,香港經濟幾乎癱瘓。但在香港重光後,香港經濟旋即迅速復原。但隨著1950年韓戰爆發,聯合國宣佈向中國大陸地區實施禁運,使香港不能再依賴作為轉口港支持經濟,很多物資也需要自給自足。適逢當時不少逃離中國大陸的人士都是具有一定資本的工業家,加上其他難民可以作為廉價的勞動力,使香港工業的發展開始迅速發展。香港也由轉口港轉型為一個輕工業城市。連帶的造船業、航運業以至金融業也於這段時期得到了發展。

金融業主導時期

香港地產經濟主導時期1970年代,台灣、新加坡及南韓等地大力發展工業,對香港構成直接競爭,香港製造業開始失去獨當一面的地位。1970年代末,歐美等地保護主義抬頭,加上中國大陸開始改革開放,均對香港工業構成負面影響。因此自1980年代起,香港經濟面臨再一次轉型,由工業重鎮逐漸發展成國際金融中心。

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2 Answers

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Hong Kong’s economy relies mainly on the agriculture and fishing from the ancient to the mid-Ching Dynastry. Hong Kong was pretty self-sufficient during that time. This situation had been changed after the taking over by England on the year 1842.

    Leading trade era

    England had an interest of the Victoria Harbor which is an excellent natural harbor. Hence they announced that the harbor as a “Free trade port.” From that time on, the trade transactions between China and Europe were gathered in Hong Kong . The English

    Businessman established warehouses and ports in Hong Kong , and also launched trading companies, banks, and all of the relevant organizations. Many Chinese entrepreneurs follow suit by launching the relevant industries like the moving company and transportation company.

    Part of the Chinese entrepreneurs came to Hong Kong to establish business. As the Suez Canal started their transportation channels in 1896, then it shortened the voyage between Europe and Hong Kong to a large extent. This made the trade transition more prospering.

    Regarding the industrial development Hong Kong had to depended on “Ship building industry” in the 19th Century. They had shipyards located in Hung Hom and Aberdeen . The industry of Hong Kong had new developments at the beginning of 20th Century. Since the European industry production had been affected by the World War I, a lot of the factories had been decreasing especially for those which located in the Kowloon District.

    Manufacturing era

    The economy of Hong Kong was almost paralyzed in the era under the control of the Japanese. However, Hong Kong ’s industry had been recovered quickly afterwards. But with the Korean War in the year 1950, the United Nations announced to China that an embargo will be implemented. As a result, Hong Kong was unable to maintain its economy and many resources have to be self-sufficient.

    2010-02-03 06:36:14 補充:

    During that timeframe, many people escaped from the Mainland China were industrialists with a certain amount of assets. Furthermore, other refugees could be hired at a cheaper price. The aforementioned factors contributed to the efficient development of Hong Kong’s industry.

    2010-02-03 06:36:28 補充:

    Hong Kong had been changed from possessing transfer ports into an industrial city. The relevant industries like ship building, transportation industry, and finance industry achieved great developments during that period.

    2010-02-03 06:36:44 補充:

    Finance Industry Era

    In the 1970s, Taiwan, Singapore, and Korea had developed their industries tremendously which caused direct competition with the real estate industry. The manufacturing industry lost its monopoly power since then.

    2010-02-03 06:37:34 補充:

    In the late 1970s, the protection doctrine from European and America blossomed coupled with the open-up policy of the Mainland China were a tremendous blow/(had negative influences) to the Hong Kong Industry.

    2010-02-03 06:37:48 補充:

    Because of the above reasons, the economy of Hong Kong will evolute to another transition – transformed from a heavy industry city into an International Finance Center.

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  • 1 decade ago

    From ancient times up till the middle of the Qing Dynasty, Hong Kong's economy is mainly dependent on agriculture, fishing and other primary industry, in the limited natural resources, the largely self-sufficient. This case to go to British occupation of Hong Kong in 1842 began to have changed.

    Dominant period of re -

    British fancy depth of the Victoria Harbor in Hong Kong in width, is a natural harbor, they quickly declare Hong Kong as a free port between China and Europe from the goods and capital began to gather in Hong Kong. British merchants not only in Hong Kong, the construction of warehouses and piers and other port facilities, but also opened Matheson and banking trade matching. Many Chinese are also engaged in handling and transportation, such as trade-related business, and some Chinese businessmen also came to Hong Kong to set north-south line of business. With the 1896 Suez Canal navigation, greatly shorten the journey between Europe to Hong Kong so that Hong Kong's re-exports more prosperous.

    .

    2010-02-06 20:31:39 補充:

    n industry, the 19th century Hong Kong rely mainly on the shipbuilding industry, in Hung Hom and Aberdeen and other places are equipped with dock. To the early 20th century, the Hong Kong industry has also begun to

    2010-02-06 20:31:51 補充:

    develop. As the industrial production in Europe after World War I affected to make Hong Kong more than a lot of factories to the Kowloon area for multi.

    Manufacturing lead time

    Hong Kong during the Japanese

    2010-02-06 20:32:01 補充:

    occupation, the Hong Kong economy is almost paralyzed. In Hong Kong, Chung-kwong, Hong Kong's economy soon to recover quickly. But with the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950, the United Nations declared the embargo to the Chinese mainland, Hong Kong can no longer rely on support Hong Kong as

    2010-02-06 20:32:23 補充:

    an entrepot economy, a lot of goods also need to become self-sufficient. Coincides with that time, many people who fled the Chinese mainland are industrialists have a certain capital, coupled with other refugees as

    2010-02-06 20:32:36 補充:

    cheap labor, so that Hong Kong's industrial development began to develop rapidly. Hong Kong re-exports of Hong Kong from its transformation into a light industrial city. Associated shipbuilding, shipping industry and the financial sector have been developed in this period.

    2010-02-06 20:32:48 補充:

    Dominant period of the financial industry

    Hong Kong real estate economy-oriented era in the 1970s, Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea and other places to develop industry and pose a direct competition to Hong Kong, Hong Kong manufacturers began to

    2010-02-06 20:32:59 補充:

    lose the status of endeavor. In the late 1970s, Europe and the United States and other places protectionism, coupled with reform and opening up the Chinese mainland are Hong Kong industries such effect. Therefore, since the

    2010-02-06 20:33:04 補充:

    1980s, the Hong Kong economy is facing once again the transformation evolved from an industrial city into an international financial center.

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