Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

一句英文句子多個動詞問題

剛在The Economist 上看到一個句子

感到十分疑惑

以英文語法來說, 一個句子只能有一個動詞, 多個動詞需要以連接詞隔開或改成分詞

而以下的句子卻有多個動詞, 且非由連接詞隔開

如 prepared, pay, receive

Peolpe are prepared to pay to receive newspaper and magazine on the kindle.

請問這是筆誤嗎?

還是有特定的寫法?

3 Answers

Rating
  • evan
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    5. I'm lucky to have so many friends.

    6. He's sorry to be late.

    上述的例句中,粗黑字體者,均為句中的第一個動詞,但紅色粗體均為第二個動詞;不管主詞是第幾人稱,受到影響者僅限於第一個動詞,第二個動詞均使用「不定詞」的形式,完全不受主詞的影響。說到這裡,可能有人會問,那若有第三個或第四個動詞出現時,怎麼辦?規則相同,也是用「不定詞」的形式,如下例句 7 和例句 8:例:

    7. I want to go to Taipei to buy a book.

    8. He wants to stay at home to watch the ball game on TV.

    以上是摘錄網上文法教學有關不定辭的用法,可見你的瞭解有誤,至於你說要用連接詞分開,那又是別的情形,網上也有教學,搜尋引擎打上"連結詞用法"就有答案.

    Peolpe are prepared to pay to receive newspaper and magazine on the kindle.

    此句不定辭用法與上面舉例相同,並無錯誤,都是很基本的用法:

    people是主詞,以單數名辭代表實際複數,故動詞用be動詞的are.

    prepared是以過去分詞用作形容詞修飾people為補語.

    依上舉文法規則,第二動詞pay和第三動詞receive都要用布定詞來表現,中間不必加and.

    再給幾例:

    1. I 'm going to Taipei to see my brother to give him some money.(不定詞之間不佳and)

    2. I'm going to Taipei to see my brother, and to see my father who had been hospitalized last night. (對象不同,所以兩格to see用逗點及and隔開.

    2010-02-02 06:32:03 補充:

    連結詞用法修正為連接詞用法

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  • 小j
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    這句話很標準

    Peolpe are prepared to pay to receive newspaper and magazine on the kindle.

    People主詞

    are prepared是動詞

    pay前面有to

    receive前面有to

    第2個動詞pay跟第3個動詞receive

    前面有to

    這是很基本的文法

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  • 1 decade ago

    此句的動詞是are prepared‧

    to pay和to receive都是不定詞‧

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