fong asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

being tired of sleeping on the

請問being tired of sleeping on the floor.這兒的being是分詞還是動名詞 tired是動詞還是形容詞.

Update:

還有是主動還是被動

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    being tired of sleeping on the floor.這兒的being是分詞還是動名詞 tired是動詞還是形容詞?

    您好

    tired在此是過去分詞

    位階是形容詞

    being tired of sleeping on the floor 應視為句子

    這是屬於分詞構句的一種

    原來的樣子是這樣

    Because I was tired of sleeping on the floor(有連接詞because 是附/從屬子句) ,其後要加逗點

    再加主要子句

    這樣的句子在一般的使用上

    為求精簡

    當附(從)屬子句的主詞與主要子句相同時

    可省略之

    並將動詞依規則加上ING

    構成分詞構句

    2010-01-31 22:29:36 補充:

    分詞構句屬於較難的文法

    個人大致將之分成兩類

    一類是附屬子句改分詞構句

    常見的情況除前述的because之外

    還有when before after 等三個連接詞引導的句子

    用法一樣

    但須注意because表原因

    省略後因果關係仍可推斷得出

    因而可以省略(也一定省略)

    但when before after 等三個連接詞分指時間先後

    省略必造成先後不分

    因而在分詞構句中必須保留

    2010-01-31 22:32:36 補充:

    例如

    I usually go to school after I have breakfast.(我通常都是吃完早餐才去學校)

    I usually go to school>>>主要子句

    after I have breakfast>>>附屬子句

    附屬子句主詞和主要子句一樣

    都是 I

    因而可改成I usually go to school after having breakfast.

    2010-01-31 22:36:45 補充:

    另一種是句子裡有多個動詞

    為求變化

    除主要動詞外

    餘改成分詞

    例如

    I lain on the sofa and watched TV.(我當時躺在沙發上看著電視)

    因為句中有兩個動詞lain和watched

    可以只保留lain的動詞地位

    並將第二動作watched改成分詞

    於是句子變成

    I lain on the sofa watching TV.

    2010-01-31 22:49:21 補充:

    主動與被動

    很好分

    ing就是主動

    pp就是被動

    例如

    Because his homework was done in a hurry, there were a lot of mistakes in it.

    (因為匆匆忙忙寫完的 所以他的功課錯誤百出)

    2010-01-31 22:49:29 補充:

    這裡的his homework 和it 顯然指同一件事(雖然it不是主詞 只要可以對照得出 也可以)

    因此可以把連接詞Because 和主詞his homework 省略

    同時be動詞也一併省去(一定要)

    句子就變成Done in a hurry, there were a lot of mistakes in his homework.

    (前面的his homework省略了 所以主要子句不能再用it 否則沒人知道這it指啥 除非這是一篇文章中的一句 前面早說過his homework了)

    有沒有發現

    being>>>>有ing>>>主動

    done>>>>是pp.>>>被動

  • 1 decade ago

    tired of

    對...感到厭倦

    它是形容詞片語

    I am tired of going to school.

    因為 tired是形容詞,所以沒有被動意味

    being tired of sleeping on the floor

    它只是動名詞片語,它不是句子

    Being tired of sleeping on the floor, I decide to buy a new bed.

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