Why did the U.S. states oppose the annexation of Texas?

Please help, this is the exact question my history test. Thanks :)

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Northerners wanted no more Slave States. Congress was close to balanced (Slave vs. Free).

    Texas is in the South, and their people would obviously want to be a Free State. Control of the Nation would have fallen to the South if Texas was admitted as a state.

    The Civil War was a couple decades away, and further spread of slavery was the issue of the time.

    Source(s): Retired US History teacher.
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  • 1 decade ago

    The United States did not oppose the annexation. It was the majority of free (non-slave) states that opposed it. Up to that point, there was an exact split between free states and slave states. If Texas came in, it would be as a slave state and it would upset the balance. The free states blocked the entry in the Senate.

    It goes back to the Louisiana purchase. Thomas Jefferson wanted to buy it, but for his entire career, he had been a strict constructionists. He believed that if the constitution didn't give the President a power, then it did not exist. His political enemies started to call him a hypocrite, saying that the constitution does not give the President the power to buy land. To get around this, Jefferson said that constitution does allow him to make treaties and he purchased the land through a treaty. This set the precedent that new territories must be added to the US by treaty. Florida was the other case. However, a treaty requires a 2/3 approval by the Senate.

    When Texas first got its independence from Mexico, there was an immediate attempt to bring it in, but the treaty could not pass. This went on for 10 years.

    Then, under President Tyler, someone finally thought that they didn't need a treaty. That was Jefferson's hang-up. They admitted Texas by joint resolution of both houses like any other law.

    Almost a year latter, one day short to be exact, Iowa was admitted as a free state so the balance was restored.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    - Opposition to Texas' admission to the United States was particularly strong in the North during this period. If a challenge to the constitutionality of the move could have been made successfully at that time, there is little doubt that the leaders of the opposition would have instituted such a suit in the Supreme Court.

    Texans voted in favor of annexation to the United States in the first election following independence in 1836. However, throughout the Republic period (1836-1845) no treaty of annexation negotiated between the Republic and the United States was ratified by both nations.

    When all attempts to arrive at a formal annexation treaty failed, the United States Congress passed--after much debate and only a simple majority--a Joint Resolution for Annexing Texas to the United States. Under these terms, Texas would keep both its public lands and its public debt, it would have the power to divide into four additional states "of convenient size" in the future if it so desired, and it would deliver all military, postal, and customs facilities and authority to the United States government. (Neither this joint resolution or the ordinance passed by the Republic of Texas' Annexation Convention gave Texas the right to secede.)

    In July 1845, a popularly-elected Constitutional Convention met in Austin to consider both this annexation proposal as well as a proposed peace treaty with Mexico which would end the state of war between the two nations, but only if Texas remained an independent country.

    The Convention voted to accept the United States' proposal, and the Annexation Ordinance was submitted to a popular vote in October 1845. The proposed Annexation Ordinance and State Constitution were approved by the Texas voters and submitted to the United States Congress.

    The United States House and Senate, in turn, accepted the Texas state constitution in a Joint Resolution to Admit Texas as a State which was signed by the president on December 29, 1845. Although the formal transfer of government did not occur until February 19, 1846, Texas statehood dates from the 29th of December.

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  • 1 decade ago

    because they thought it was the best thing to do....srry lol

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