What was Salvador Allende's Ideology?
Thanx! He's Isabel Allende's Uncle. He was also the president of Chile. Thanx for any help.
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
-On the landward side a hotchpotch of brightly painted Victorian houses stand as testimony to the port's days as a British trading post. Above these, sprawling shanty towns cling precariously to the hillside; extreme poverty with a beautiful sea view.
On the wall of the tiny parliamentary office is a framed poster of Salvador Allende, trademark black rimmed glasses and hand held high, half in salute, half waving. The inscription reads: "They believed they had killed you but you are more alive than ever." Below sits his daughter Isabel Allende - a 60 years old Congresswoman for the Chilean Socialist Party, mother of two, president of the Salvador Allende Foundation and cousin of the author of the same name.
Often cited as history's only democratically elected Marxist president, Salvador Allende chose suicide in Chile's presidential palace rather than surrender during Pinochet's 1973 coup. Isabel fled to Cuba with her mother and two sisters. From there to Mexico, where she sat out 16 years of exile before returning to Chile in 1989 as Pinochet's rule was ending. She was first elected to Congress in 1993.
The rebuilding of Chilean democracy and the healing of the society's wounds proceeded at a snail's pace through the 1990s. General Pinochet retired as head of the army in 1997 and became a lifelong senator with legal immunity. Then on October 16 1998 he was arrested in London. Since then things have been changing fast in Chile.
"The 500 days that Pinochet was detained in London were a watershed", says Isabel Allende. "It forced Chileans to accept that the serious human rights abuses committed by the military government were part of a systematic state policy, not isolated cases or accidental 'excesses' as Pinochet supporters claimed. There was a remarkable cultural change; people stopped being afraid and accepted the need for justice."
She opposed the Chilean government's demand that Pinochet return, flying to London in 1999 to present a letter to Jack Straw urging that the General be extradited to Spain.
"I always preferred the idea of a trial in Chile, but I had little faith in the Chilean courts." In a resigned voice she evaluates the ongoing trials. "On the one hand he has lost his senatorial immunity and been formally accused on numerous charges. On the other, the trials are suspended as his defence argues he suffers from senile dementia. It's a big joke, out in Santiago he shops for books, eats in restaurants and signs cheques. Obviously he has health problems but he is perfectly capable of standing trial. I'd like Pinochet tried, judged and sentenced, it's not important that he go to prison. What's important is to establish his guilt."
As Pinochet returned to Chile in March 2000 Richardo Lagos was elected President. What did it mean to see the first Socialist since Salvador Allende in the Moneda presidential palace?
Isabel points out that Chile's centre-left governing coalition, the Concertación, is not socialist and doesn't have a particularly leftwing programme. "But even so, that a socialist be allowed to govern this country, that the institutions continue to function, and indeed that we have made substantial progress normalizing relations between civil government and the military is remarkable."
She pays tribute to General Juan Emilio Cheyre the army's current Commander in Chief for his promotion of national reconciliation, and the army's overdue cooperation with outstanding human rights cases. "Above all Cheyre said 'never again'. This was a turning point for me; it helped me to reconcile my differences with the military."
The conversation turns to Michelle Bachelet, the charismatic former Defence Minister, herself daughter of one of Pinochet's victims, whose consistent lead in the polls makes her election as Chile's first woman President a near certainty. "She's a very normal woman who has had a hard life, separated, bringing up children alone, experiencing real pain. These things bring her close to a society like ours.
"And of course a woman president, the first in Chile, one of the first in Latin America this makes me enormously proud It reflects a deep cultural change." Of course there is a long way to go "I am the only woman socialist legislator, it speaks very badly of the Socialist Party".
In 2003 the 30th anniversary of the military coup and the death of Salvador Allende were commemorated in Chile and around the world. Documentaries on Allende's government never previously seen in Chile were broadcast daily on the television. "On the anniversary on September 11 we commemorated for the first time in the presidential palace with a speech from President Lagos." For Isabel this was "a great leap forward" in the struggle to restore the sullied name of her father.
Would it have been possible without Pinochet's arrest in London? "No, Pinochet's arrest was fundamental after that he has become progressively more isolated."
With a laugh Isabel remembers a tel
- Anonymous1 decade ago
He was a communist.
Salvador Isabelino Allende Gossens; June 26, 1908 – September 11, 1973) was a physician and the first democratically elected Marxist socialist to become president of a state in the Americas. Allende's involvement in Chilean political life spanned a period of nearly forty years. As a member of the Socialist Party, he was a senator, deputy and cabinet minister.
Allende established a Marxist regime in Chile.