小呵
Lv 4
小呵 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

關於形容詞子句who and whom的問題?

一.

There are many teachers talking over there, two of whom are my English teacher.

<a>them <b>whose <c>which <d>whom

解答是d。

解釋說:若選<a>二句之間需有連接詞and,而關代具有連接詞功能。

1. 我看不懂解答。

2. 關代此時是否代替逗點前面的句子,但我還是不懂。

請問為什麼用whom呢???

二.

The man who we thought was dead appeared in the museum last night.

請問子句中是不是有一個名詞子句. We thought that the man was dead ??

Update:

Q1還是不太懂= =

Update 2:

逗點前的句子..There are many teachers talking over there都沒關係嗎@@

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    題一的解答是正確無誤的。

    這裡的them是人稱代名詞受格,and + them 就等同於是有連接詞作用的關係代名詞whom (物品或動物用which)

    (以上句子出自於Adam大師的回答)http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    原句型: There are many teachers talking over there. Two of them are my English teachers.

    合併後的 3 種句型表示如下:

    1.There are many teachers talking over there, and two of them are my English teachers.

    (法一:加上連接詞and 使兩完整子句 得以共存)

    2.There are many teachers talking over there, two of whom are my English teachers.

    (法二:因無連接詞 連接兩完整子句故用有連接詞功能的關係代名詞whom 引導第二個句子)

    3.There are many teachers talking over there, two of them being my English teachers.

    (法三:當前面沒有連接詞 而後面的them又不改成whom 時候面的動詞要改成動名詞(Ving) 。老實說看起來有些弔詭但相信我它是正確的 )

    題二:(參考自以下)

    http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/jw!q8gcwfWGByhY5jMTSPVw...

    (↑新竹英文家教部落格)

    The man who we thought was dead appeared in the museum last night.

    à [ who ]前面有一名詞[ the man ]。

    a) [ who we thought was dead]是用來修飾[ the man ],所以它是[ the man ]的修飾語。

    b) 我們把被修飾的名詞 [ the man + who ]去掉,它成為:

    appeared ing the museum

    它不是句子。

    所以who引導的子句是形容詞子句。

    當我們把[ 被解釋或被修飾的名詞 + 關係連接詞 ]去掉,也就是[ the man + who ]去掉,從屬子句所剩的部分不能成為一個句子的話,這個從屬子句是形容詞子句。

    感謝以上兩位高手(Adam + George)

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    一. There are many teachers talking over there, two of whom are my English teacher.

    them whose which whom

    解答是d。

    解釋說:若選二句之間需有連接詞and,而關代具有連接詞功能。

    1. 我看不懂解答。There are many teachers talking over there, and two of them are my English teacher.這樣是用對等連接詞連接兩個相對等的子句。兩者的重要性相等。

    2. 關代此時是否代替逗點前面的句子,但我還是不懂。There are many teachers talking over there, two of whom are my English teacher.這樣是用從屬連接詞(關係代名詞)whom,將形容詞子句(關係子句)帶出來,whom關係代名詞是代表前面的many teachers,但因為從屬子句的主詞人數數量限定只有兩位,所以再用量詞one of來限定whom,whom之所以寫成受格,是因為介系詞of 的關係,whom成了of的受詞。主句的資訊比從屬子句的重要。從屬子句的主詞,僅及主要子句的一部分。

    這是比較難的形容詞子句,再給你一些例句看看。I bought twelve eggs, and some of them are rotten. = I bought twelve eggs, some of which are rotten.

    She has two sons, both of whom are doctors. = She has two sons, and both of them are doctors.

    請問為什麼用whom呢???

    從屬子句的主角是人就用whom,是物就用which,見上述的例句。

    二. The man who we thought was dead appeared in the museum last night.

    請問子句中是不是有一個名詞子句. We thought that the man was dead ??

    句中沒有名詞子句,而是有一個形容詞子句(關係子句)who was dead.,另外還有一個副詞性質的子句we thought,修飾並給予形容詞子句的述部was dead條件。因為從上下文來看,其實這個人沒死。只是我們以為他死了。

  • 1 decade ago

    Q1.

    那答案有問題...

    是a才對!!! whom是接受格用法...

    如果是D... 用法是two of whom+S+V....不信可以問你們老師唷!

    EX Two of whom I mentioned are my friends(兩個我提到的都是我朋友)

    Q2.

    The man who we thought was dead appeared in the museum last night.

    是名詞子句沒錯...因為who we thought修飾 the man (名詞)

    We thought that the man was dead ?? 這是名詞子句

    we thought that 修飾 the man

    句子也可以改

    The man that we thought was dead.

    The man we thought was dead (因為是受詞...可省略)

    that 和 whom可以交替使用...

    希望有幫到你^^

    Source(s): 自己
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