Who are the “gods” in Psalm 82?
אֱלֹהִים נִצָּב בַּעֲדַת־אֵל בְּקֶרֶב אֱלֹהִים יִשְׁפֹּט
God [is] standing in-the-assembly-of-god in-the-midst-of gods(or god)he judges
Ὁ θεὸς ἔστη ἐν συναγωγῃ̂ θεω̂ν, ἐν μέσῳ δὲ θεοὺς διακρίνει
The god stands in meeting-place of-gods, in middle of gods he judges
Targum Psalms (trans. by Edward Cook): God, his presence abides in the assembly of the righteous who are strong in Torah; he will give judgment in the midst of the righteous judges
KJV: God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods.
NIV: God presides in the great assembly; he gives judgment among the "gods"
NASB: God takes His stand in His own congregation; He judges in the midst of the rulers.
NLT: God presides over heaven’s court; he pronounces judgment on the heavenly beings
CEV: When all of the other gods* have come together, the Lord God judges them (footnote: the other gods: This probably refers to the gods of the nations that God defeated, but it could refer to God's servants (angels) in heaven or even to human rulers.)
NAB: *God rises in the divine council, gives judgment in the midst of the gods (footnote: [Psalm 82] As in Psalm 58, the pagan gods are seen as subordinate divine beings to whom Israel’s God had delegated oversight of the foreign countries in the beginning (Deut 32:8–9). Now God arises in the heavenly assembly (Psalm 82:1) to rebuke the unjust “gods” (Psalm 82:2–4), who are stripped of divine status and reduced in rank to mortals (Psalm 82:5–7). They are accused of misruling the earth by not upholding the poor. A short prayer for universal justice concludes the psalm (Psalm 82:8).