Questions about Jesuits?
Can you answer following questions about Jesuits founded by Ignatius Loyola please?
1. What are two or three core beliefs that distinguish Jesuits from other Christian groups?
2. What is the history of Jesuit's separation from other Christian groups - who or what sparked this separation? Describe the separation - was it peaceful or violent? Were lives lost?
3. What are the benefits of separation?
4. What have been the social and political costs of the separation? Did Jesuits anticipate them?
5. Did Jesuit actively proselytize for believers? Is it important to followers of Jesuits that others are convinced to be part of their system?
6. Has Jesuits ever been interested in reconciliation with the church as a whole?
pls answer ALL of them properly!! thx!
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
The Jesuits are members of the religious order or fraternity founded by Ignatius of Loyola in the 16th century and who are properly called The Society of Jesus (Societas Jesu in Latin, thus the initials S.J.)). The Jesuits are not a separate Christian body. They are Catholic priests or religious persons who follow the charism of Ignatius of Loyola.
The Jesuits Order is just one of many other religious orders or congregation within the Catholic Church, each distinct and with separate expressions of spirituality and leadership but all following the same teachings, doctrines, traditions and discipline of the Roman Catholic Church. Thus, there are Benedictines, Augustinians, Franciscans, Capuchins, Carthusians, etc.
The Jesuit seal is IHS with the cross, crown and the nails of Christ; their motto is Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam, Latin for For the Greater Glory of God. They were formed in the 16th century when Europe was thrown into the religious upheaval of the Reformation and many, many people separated from the Catholic Church to become the various Protestant bodies today. The Jesuits were so trained so as to bring back these dissenters into the Catholic Church. With their high intellectual training, deep religiosity and loyalty to the Pope, they succeeded in reversing the trend of the Reformation through the campaign called the Catholic Counter-Reformation. They also operated Catholic educational institutions and in time served to educate the royalties of Catholic Europe. That they were successful in their work can be gleaned from the fact that many of their members were martyred for their efforts and Protestant groups hated them a lot. Still they brought in millions back to the folds of Catholicisma and brought in millions more from many areas of the Americas and Asia.
The Jesuits worldwide is led by a Minister General and their members make a special vow- aside from the three evangelical vows professed by all religious groups in the Catholic Church -Poverty, chastity, and obedience. The special vow is loyalty to the Pope. Thus, In the 18th century, when political intrigues against the Jesuitswas at its peak, their order was ordered disbanded by the Pope and they obeyed without question. This caused their order to be disbanded and their members dispersed and persecuted universally, but a century later they were recognized once more by the Catholic Church.
Like all other religious groups, the Jesuits accept new members. They do not proselytize for members since you have to be a Catholic to become a Jesuit. They are the most intellectually trained among the different religious orders and many specialize in various fields of educational endeavors, thus, there are Jesuit scientists, historians, teachers, sociologists, linguists, Bible scholars, psychologists,etc. A candidate to the order must not only be intellectually gifted he must, basically show vocation for this way of life.
I'm sorry for not answering your question in the sequence you want it to be because it seems that you misunderstand the Jesuits as a separate Christian sect. They are not. They are a most important group of male religious in the Catholic Church.
- Anonymous5 years ago
You could also look into their history in China. Look up the "Chinese Rites Controversy" of the 18th century, in which the Jesuits who were in China argued that what the Vatican called "ancestor worship" was not really "worship" and was not incompatible with Christianity. The Vatican disagreed and required any Chinese converts to Christianity to give up that practice. If the Jesuits, who understood better, had had their way, they might have been able to convert a lot more people in China, but the Vatican's obstinacy made that impossible. As to your opening gambit: I don't really see why it's odd that a person should be both academic and social-justice oriented. I see a hell of a lot more social-justice activism coming out of universities (Jesuit or not) than out of either the boardroom of General Motors or the official Church headquarters in Rome.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
* Well -for starters, they are Roman Catholic monks
* they take a "special" vow of obedience to the Pope
Jesuits are not really "separate" from other Christian groups. They are a part of the largest Christian sect in the world, the Roman Catholic Church. You can read about their peaceful origin above.
Like all Christian monastic orders, they have additional "rules" which their members vow to obey, and additionally a separate hierarchy which their members are required to respect (though they still must be obedient to the Pope, as described above). They are, in a sense, a "team" of qualified individuals all working toward the same specific set of purposes.
4) Don't know - read above
Remember that Jesuits are part of the Roman Catholic Church. It is important to them to proselytize for that church - which is not the same as saying that it is important for them to proselytize for members of the Jesuit order. They strive to convert people to Roman Catholicism - that is a fundamental purpose of their order. Convincing Roman Catholics to become Jesuits is not so important to that order.
Unnecessary. Jesuits have always been a part of the Roman Catholic Church. They were suppressed temporarily as a result of a political maneuver of Joseph I (whose power over the Pope allowed him to dictate policy to the Pope), but that suppression was lifted shortly afterward.
- 1 decade ago
The Jesuits are a religious order of men IN the Catholic Church. The Jesuits do NOT need
reconciliation with the Church. Please read the Wikipedia article.Source(s): Wikipedia.com
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- Anonymous1 decade ago
The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu, S.J. and S.I. or SJ, SI) is a Catholic religious order of clerks regular whose members are called Jesuits.
Jesuits are the largest male religious order in the Catholic Church, with 18,815 members—13,305 priests, 2,295 scholastic students, 1,758 brothers and 827 novices—as of January 2008, although the Franciscan family of first orders OFMs, Capuchins, and Conventuals has more total members. The average age of the Jesuits in 2008 was 63.01 for priests, 30.01 for scholastics, 65.06 for Brothers, and an overall average of 57.53 years.
Jesuit priests and brothers are engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations on six continents. They are best known in the fields of education (schools, colleges, universities, seminaries, theological faculties), intellectual research, and cultural pursuits. They are also known in missionary work, giving retreats, hospital and parish ministry, promoting justice and ecumenical dialogue.
The founder of the Society of Jesus, St. Ignatius of Loyola, opened its charter and rule with this famous line: "Whoever desires to serve as a soldier of God beneath the banner of the cross in our Society, which we desire to be designated by the name of Jesus, and to serve the Lord alone and the Church, his spouse, under the Roman pontiff, the vicar of Christ on earth, should, after a solemn vow of perpetual chastity, poverty and obedience, keep what follows in mind. He is a member of a Society founded chiefly for this purpose: to strive especially for the defense and propagation of the faith and for the progress of souls in Christian life and doctrine."
The Society of Jesus is consecrated under the patronage of Madonna Della Strada, a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and it is led by a Superior General, currently Adolfo Nicolás. The headquarters of the Society, its General Curia, is in Rome. The historic curia of St. Ignatius is now part of the Collegio del Gesù attached to the Church of the Gesù, the Jesuit Mother Church.Source(s): http://www.christianforums.com/
- Anonymous1 decade ago