峴禕 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

可以幫我翻譯一下嗎 感謝!!!!

.In this study, the reservoir operating rules for satisfying reliable water releases

under uncertain inflows and water demands were developed. This development

was based on a chance-constrained programming model associated with a

factorial design measure for examining interactions among various impact

factors. The reservoir inflows and water demands in different operating seasons

were of normal distribution with known means and variances. The minimum cost of water releases from the reservoir was achieved by keeping minimum storage, maintaining sufficient flood and drought control capacities, achieving water

demands of users,and satisfying releases to downstream channel with

acceptable reliabilities. The complex interrelationships among water releases,

initial reservoir storage, and reliability level were revealed through the developed model. This proposed approach would offer an improved measure for reservoir operation and management under uncertainty.

The system analysis techniques have been widely applied

to water resources planning and management over the past

decades. In terms of reservoir planning and operation practices,

there has been much attention on developing and applying

a variety of optimization models (Wurbs, 1993). Typical

reservoir systems are usually subject to constraints of continuity

assumptions and various conditions for regulating reservoir

storage and release variables (Reznixek & Cheng, 1991).

Due to the complexities of reservoir systems, a number of

uncertainties exist in the related modeling parameters, such as

water demands, future costs, and inflow levels. These

uncertainties may result in significant impacts on system

predictions and the related decisions on system operation and

management (Jenkins & Lund, 2000). As a result, it is recognized

that the reservoir optimization modeling should seriously

take uncertainties into consideration for ensuring more

reliable system planning and decision robustness.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    在這項研究中,水庫運行規則,滿足可靠的水釋放

    根據不確定的流入和用水需求的發展。這種發展

    是基於機會約束規劃模型與一個

    析因設計審查措施之間的相互作用各種影響

    因素。水庫流入和水的需求在不同的作業季節

    是正常的分佈與已知的均值和方差。最低成本釋放的水從水庫是實現和平與最低儲存,保持足夠的防洪抗旱能力,實現水

    用戶的需求,滿足釋放到下游通道

    可接受的信度。複雜的相互關係中的水排放,

    初步水庫存儲和可靠性水平揭示的發展模式。這一提議的這一做法提供了一個改進的措施,對水庫調度和管理下的不確定性。

    該系統的分析技術已被廣泛應用於

    水資源規劃和管理,在過去

    幾十年。在上水庫規劃和運作的做法,

    仍然有很多注意力集中在開發和應用

    1品種的優化模型(武布斯,1993)。典型

    水庫系統通常要受限制的連續性

    假設和各種條件調節水庫

    儲存和釋放變量(Reznixek&程,1991)。

    由於複雜的水庫系統,一個數字的

    不確定性存在於相關的模型參數,如

    用水需求,未來的成本,並流入水平。這些

    不確定因素可能會導致對系統產生重大影響

    預測和決定的有關系統操作和

    管理(詹金斯和隆德,2000)。因此,人們認識到

    該水庫優化模型應認真

    考慮不確定因素考慮,以確保更多

    可靠的系統規劃和決策的穩健性

    2010-01-07 23:11:48 補充:

    線上

    Source(s): , 線上
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