what is the story of Philistines?
In a biblical reference. It'd be great if the answer wasn't just a link to a website. Thanks :)
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
The Philistines were part of a seafaring people from the Aegean who appeared in the Near East around 1250 BC. After a period of conflict with the Egyptians to the south, the Philistines settled on the coastal plain of Israel. The culture around them was in decline because of the collapse of empires, natural disasters, and hostilities between the small nations of the region.
About the time the Philistines arrived, the Israelites entered Israel from the east. The historical drama that subsequently unfolded would determine which of the two cultures would dominate the other. The battles that erupted from this conflict fill the pages of the Old Testament.
Egyptian descriptions of the Philistines support biblical ones. Reliefs and inscriptions found in the temple of Ramses lll in Egypt give us insight into the Philistines' appearance and technology. Their soldiers were quite tall and clean shaven. They wore breastplates and short kilts, and their superior weapons included chariots drawn by two horses. They carried small shields and fought with straight swords and spears. These details affirm our faith in the Bible's descriptions found in Judges 1:19, 1 Samuel 13:19-22, and 1 Samuel 17:4-7.
The religion of the Philistines appears sophisticated and modern as well. Carefully planned temples and worship centers abound in their cities. Their main god was Dagon, thought to be the god of grain (though some scholars believe Dagon was the fish god). Temples in honor of the god of fertility have been found in Gaza, Ashdod, and Beth Shean. The mistress of this god, and a frequent target of biblical writers, was Ashtoreth, who was associated with war and fertility (1 Sam. 31:8-13). Worship of this goddess involved the most immoral practices imaginable.
Beelzebul, thought to be the son of Dagon, was worshiped at the Philistine city of Ekron (2 Kings 1:1-6). The worship of this deity involved sacred prostitution and possibly even child sacrifice. The practices were so horrible that the followers of Yahweh changed the name from Beelzebul (meaning "Lord, or Prince, Baal") to Beelzebub (with the derogatory meaning "lord of the flies"). By New Testament times, the name Beelzebub long used to describe the most evil and perverted practices and people of the Middle East had become a synonym for the devil. More than once Jesus himself used this term to describe Satan (Matt. 10:25 and 12:24).
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- MoiLv 71 decade ago
Here you are
Philistines - (Gen. 10:14, R.V.; but in A.V., "Philistim"), a tribe allied to the Phoenicians. They were a branch of the primitive race which spread over the whole district of the Lebanon and the valley of the Jordan, and Crete and other Mediterranean islands. Some suppose them to have been a branch of the Rephaim (2 Sam. 21:16-22). In the time of Abraham they inhabited the south-west of Judea, Abimelech of Gerar being their king (Gen. 21:32, 34; 26:1). They are, however, not noticed among the Canaanitish tribes mentioned in the Pentateuch. They are spoken of by Amos (9:7) and Jeremiah (47:4) as from Caphtor, i.e., probably Crete, or, as some think, the Delta of Egypt. In the whole record from Exodus to Samuel they are represented as inhabiting the tract of country which lay between Judea and Egypt (Ex. 13:17; 15:14, 15; Josh. 13:3; 1 Sam. 4).
This powerful tribe made frequent incursions against the Hebrews. There was almost perpetual war between them. They sometimes held the tribes, especially the southern tribes, in degrading servitude (Judg. 15:11; 1 Sam. 13:19-22); at other times they were defeated with great slaughter (1 Sam. 14:1-47; 17). These hostilities did not cease till the time of Hezekiah (2 Kings 18:8), when they were entirely subdued. They still, however, occupied their territory, and always showed their old hatred to Israel (Ezek. 25:15-17). They were finally conquered by the Romans.
The Philistines are called Pulsata or Pulista on the Egyptian monuments; the land of the Philistines (Philistia) being termed Palastu and Pilista in the Assyrian inscriptions. They occupied the five cities of Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, in the south-western corner of Canaan, which belonged to Egypt up to the closing days of the Nineteenth Dynasty. The occupation took place during the reign of Rameses III. of the Twentieth Dynasty. The Philistines had formed part of the great naval confederacy which attacked Egypt, but were eventually repulsed by that Pharaoh, who, however, could not dislodge them from their settlements in Palestine. As they did not enter Palestine till the time of the Exodus, the use of the name Philistines in Gen. 26:1 must be proleptic. Indeed the country was properly Gerar, as in ch. 20.
They are called Allophyli, "foreigners," in the Septuagint, and in the Books of Samuel they are spoken of as uncircumcised. It would therefore appear that they were not of the Semitic race, though after their establishment in Canaan they adopted the Semitic language of the country. We learn from the Old Testament that they came from Caphtor, usually supposed to be Crete. From Philistia the name of the land of the Philistines came to be extended to the whole of "Palestine." Many scholars identify the Philistines with the Pelethites of 2 Sam. 8:18.
- 1 decade ago
The Philistines were an ancient, warlike, sea faring people. They were the enemies of the Jews and when the Romans conquered Judea, they renamed it 'palestina' after the Philistines - who had by then ceased to exist.
May be more at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/
- 4 years ago
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