Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 藝術與人文詩詞與文學 · 1 decade ago

西文翻譯麻煩一下很緊急謝20點

火節 Las Fallas

城市: 瓦倫西亞 Valencia

日期:3/15~3/19

地點:市政府廣場

法雅節 (Las Fallas) (火節) 源自中世紀。當時木匠為了紀念他們的保謢神聖荷西 (San José) 因此演變成法雅節。

一整年中,瓦倫西亞 (Valencia) 的藝術家都在為了雕塑法雅 (las fallas) 而努力工作。

所謂的 fallas 是指上過彩的木頭或紙板雕塑而成的作品。其題材取自時下的人物或社會現象、問題,極具諷刺性及幽默感。

慶典期間 las fallas 陳設在街道上,到了三月十九日聖荷西生日當天,

除了一尊法雅得以進入博物館陳列外,其餘的 fallas 都遭到焚燒的命運。

起源:中世紀

由來:

這個節日從中世紀即有燃燒fallas的習俗,據稱Valencia的木匠冬天夜晚需"挑燈夜戰",

遂將木條上裝置大蠟燭充作照明設備,稱做"parot"。後來parot上裝飾洋娃娃,

甚至異教徒像、猶大像(Juda),後於S.XIII轉為以臘及布為材料的"ninots"。最後變成今日的fallas。

木匠守護神是San José,其生日為3月19日,該日又是冬天結束,春天的開始,日照時數增長,

木匠不需挑燈夜戰,parot (ninots)功成身退,遂有燃燒parot的習俗,最後成為燃燒fallas芻像。

過程:

慶典從三月十二日至三月十九日止。Valencia巿所有居民一整年,都得為Falla節貢獻心力,

每周每戶得定期捐款,為其社區籌劃慶典之用。

三月十八日下午每個社區團體會將花束裝飾在La Virgen de los Desamparados (Valencia的守護神)大教堂的圍牆上,

構成一幅漂亮的百花圖

在西班牙3大節慶中,瓦倫西亞以火焚巨像歡度3月火節(Las Fallas),

沖天的烈焰漫城四起,有人因而戲稱瓦倫西亞為縱火狂的天堂,這倒不是貶損,

火節原就是讓民眾以戲謔的方式發洩情緒,懂得幽默的人才夠資格蒞臨參加。

由今日焚城的狂態,很難遙想在18世紀時,火節僅是一項紀念Saint Joseph的慣例,過程平和簡單。

關於這項慣例的起源和舉行的方式有多種說法,最風行的講法是,

當時的木匠慣於在冬季搭台燃燭(或油燈)作為照明,待冬去春來,便拆台焚燒刨削木屑,

並添入舊物,藉此送舊迎新、驅魔避邪,最後演變成焚燒塑像。

另種關於過節的說法是,人們在3月18日天明前,用粗索將自製的小人偶掛在窗外或立在小陽台上,

天亮後,小孩便四處搜羅舊物,到了19日晚間,居民便聚集觀看焚燒小人偶及舊物。

總而言之,在兩百多年前,Saint Joseph日僅僅是項單純的小鎮節日。

火節歷時將近一週,依序排定燃爆竹、放煙火、遊行、向聖母獻花等活動,高潮迭起,

市內每個角落都充斥喧囂和熱度,最後以午夜焚偶引發高潮,讓遊客的視覺與聽覺都極盡享樂。

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Fire festival Las Fallas

    City: Valencia Valencia

    Date: 3/15~3/19

    Place: Municipal government square

    The French elegant festival (Las Fallas) (fire festival) comes from the middle ages. At that time the carpenter to commemorate them to guarantee god San Jose (San Jos) Therefore the evolution becomes established law the elegant festival.

    One all year round, Valencia (Valencia) artists in for sculpture law elegant (las fallas), but works diligently.

    The work which so-called fallas is refers to has put on stage make-up the wood which or the cardboard sculpture becomes. Its theme is from the present character or the social phenomenon, the question, has sarcastic and the sense of humor extremely.

    Celebration period las fallas arrangement on street, to March 19 San Jose birthday same day,

    Elegant can enter the museum exhibition besides a law, other fallas encounters burning down the destiny.

    Origin: Middle ages

    Origin:

    This holiday namely has from the middle ages burns the fallas custom, it is said that the Valencia carpenter night needs " in the winter; Works by torchlight " ,

    Then the equipment big candle acts as the wooden staff on the lighting attachment, is called as " parot" . Afterward on parot decorated the foreign-style doll,

    Even the heathen looks like, Judas to look like (Juda), latter transfers in S.XIII take sacrificial and the cloth as material " ninots" . Finally turns today's fallas.

    The carpenter patron god is San Jos , its birthday for March 19, this day was also the winter ends, spring's start, the sunshine hours grew,

    The carpenter cannot work by torchlight, parot (ninots) retires after meritorious service, then has burns the parot custom, finally becomes burns the fallas hay elephant. SORRY,因為字數的限制,我無法全打

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