was beaten up ??

Suddenly, I was attacked by several strong men on my way home.

Then I was beaten up harshly for a couple of minutes.

After they had gone, I laid down on the floor and screamed for help

until my voice faded.

我唔明第二句, Then I was beaten up harshly..( 我被勁打數分鐘 ) 為什麼 用 ( beaten 這個過去分詞 ) ? 是過去完成式嗎 ? 不是 ( had beat ) 嗎? 如果 ( Passive voice ) ,是否 ( was beat ) ....

4 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    這是被動式(passive voice)。

    Passive voice : be + past participle

    be : was - 這裡是過去式 (simple past tense)

    past participle : beaten (beat的過去分詞,在US亦作beat[US ALSO beat],但beat不常用,亦在大多數字典中找不到)

    在這裡, I 是動作的接受者而非發出者。

    是 I 被打,而不是 I 打,如果用active voice,不但意思錯,文法上也錯。I 打,I 打,打什麼?beat是及物動詞(transitive verb)*,在active voice中必定要有賓語(object)。

    *亦只有及物動詞(transitive verb)才能用在被動式中。

    在這裡用被動式可能是

    1.要強調動作的接受者(即 I )或

    2.沒有意圖去提及動作的發出者(即several strong men)。

    另外,我認為After they had gone, I laid down on the floor and screamed for help until my voice faded.這一句有錯。

    下面為 Chinese meaning + infinitive + past tense + past participle 。

    躺下 lie lay lain

    放置 lay laid laid

    說謊 lie lied lied

    這句的laid應改為lay,是我躺在地上,而不是我放置在地上。除了意思上錯,文法上也錯,laid是lay的過去式(和過去分詞),而lay是及物動詞(transitive verb),所以後面應有賓語(object),是我放置什麼什麼,不會我放置,我放置。

  • 1 decade ago

    發問者本身其實應獲yahoo獎100分, 因他懂得在問題進入投票前把無聊的答案淘汰.

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    1 decade ago

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  • 1 decade ago

    [Beat] 是 irregular verb.

    present tense = beat

    past tense = beat

    past participle 過去分詞 = beat or beaten 都得

    這句中的 was beaten up,是過去式 passive voice, 和 was beat up 是相通的 。

    *在美式英文用法中,比賽敗了會較常用 got beat,而被人打會較常用 got beaten。不過,got beat 和 got beaten 都是正確的。

    Source(s): myself
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