How did Queen Victoria lead to the expansion of the British Empire?
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- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
The expansion of the British Empire during the age of Queen Victoria happend all over the world: there were several wars both to protect English interests and also to gain new territories. England extended his power into Asia, for examle in India, Africa, like in Egypt and Kenia, Central America and Oceania.
The system of British rule in India was instituted in 1858, when the British East India Company came under the command of the Crown. In 1876, Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India and the British rule in the country lasted until 1947.
In 1869, the Suez Canal was opened, which meant ships no longer needed to sail around Africa to reach the east. This shortened links between Britain, India and the Antipodes and had a dramatic effect on world trade. Its establishment was a central turning point for the onset of British expansionism.
Unchallenged at sea, Britain adopted the role of global policeman, a state of affairs later known as the Pax Britannica, and a foreign policy of "splendid isolation". Alongside the formal control it exerted over its own colonies, Britain's dominant position in world trade meant that it effectively controlled the economies of many nominally independent countries, such as China, Argentina and Siam, which has been characterised by some historians as "informal empire".
British imperial strength was underpinned by the steamship and the telegraph, new technologies invented in the second half of the 19th century, allowing it to control and defend the Empire.
British policy in Asia during the 19th century was chiefly concerned with protecting and expanding India, viewed as its most important colony and the key to the rest of Asia. The East India Company drove the expansion of the British Empire in Asia. The Company's army had first joined forces with the Royal Navy during the Seven Years' War, and the two continued to cooperate in arenas outside India: the eviction of Napoleon from Egypt (1799), the capture of Java from the Netherlands (1811), the acquisition of Singapore (1819) and Malacca (1824) and the defeat of Burma (1826).
British gains in southern and East Africa prompted Cecil Rhodes, pioneer of British expansion in Africa, to urge a "Cape to Cairo" railway linking the strategically important Suez Canal to the mineral-rich South. In 1888 Rhodes with his privately owned British South Africa Company occupied and annexed territories named after him, Rhodesia.Source(s): http://www.pbs.org/empires/victoria/ed/index.html http://5b-english4us.blogspot.com/2009/01/queen-vi... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Empire#Britai...
- Anonymous5 years ago
Yes I would say Lord Lucan is right with this. How she took New Zealand: Well I think this was rather unfair she sent a reppresentitive over William Hobson was his name. Now there was plenty of Scottish,English,Dutch,Irish,Norweigian,... and many other European ethinicitys here,But the Queen & the New Zealand Company wanted to take New Zealand. So they (not the Queen of Course,her representitives) went around getting signatures from Maori Tribes. Now at this time the Maori were not One United People they were different waring tribes some in alliances with others.But they did not go to every Tribe to get signatures.About 40 chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi on 6 February 1840. By the end of the year, about 500 other Maori, including 13 women, had put their names or moko to the document; all but 39 signed the Maori text. While some had clear expectations about what their agreement would bring, others chose not to sign the Treaty at all. But they felt this was enough signatures so they claimed they rightfully owned the land,which is a lie they only own the land of the people who signed it off to them. By the way when the Treaty of Waitangi was translated from English to Maori it meant different things. Every year Protesters who demand their land back protest & the Government "gives them the land" & nevers gives them control over it (like:Here have your land back,but were still the boss,obey our rules & Laws). To make it Fair Queen Elizabeth should be able to keep the land whoose Cheifs signed it & give back the Land to Maoris whoose cheifs didn't sign it.I don't mean give it back Government style. I mean Give it to them let them keep it & give them back the authurity to make their own laws demolish their (English Government) laws also. So there can be English Land & Maori Land.