Can someone please explain what Dehydration Synthesis and Hydrolysis are?
Please use simple language. My mind is about to explode from being overloaded with information.
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Dehydration synthesis is the loss of a water molecule to form two new molecules (e.g. breaking apart proteins into simple amino acids)
Hydrolysis is the addition of a water molecule to join to molecules together to make a biger molecule (e.g. joining simple amino acids together to form a big protein)
- 1 decade ago
Dehydration means to take water out. Theus when you use dehydration synthesis, you are building something up while taking water out. Hydrolysis is simple the reverse of dehydration synthesis. You add water to a molecule to break it down.
- Anonymous5 years ago
"Dehydration" obviously means "removing water" - and that is exactly how dehydration synthesis works. For example, in a protein, the amino acids are linked by adding the -COOH of one amino acid to the -NH2 of another, this forms a peptide bond -CO-NH-, and liberates H2O. Hydrolysis is the opposite: adding water ("hydro") to break ("lyse") the bond. So hydrolysis of a peptide bond involves the reverse of the above dehydration reaction.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
I think you would get a better explanation in the Chemistry section, although the other answers are okay.