When and how did Ecuador gain independence from Spain?
- LilituLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
On October 9, 1820, Guayaquil became the first city in Ecuador to gain its independence from Spain. On May 24, 1822, the rest of Ecuador gained its independence after Antonio José de Sucre defeated the Spanish Royalist forces at the Battle of Pichincha, near Quito. Following the battle, Ecuador joined Simón Bolívar's Republic of Gran Colombia - joining with modern day Colombia and Venezuela – only to become a republic in 1830.
The 19th century for Ecuador was marked by instability, with a rapid succession of rulers. The first president of Ecuador was the Venezuelan-born Juan José Flores, who was ultimately deposed, followed by many authoritarian leaders such as Vicente Rocafuerte; José Joaquín de Olmedo; José María Urbina; Diego Noboa; Pedro José de Arteta; Manuel de Ascásubi; and Flores's own son, Antonio Flores Jijón, among others. The conservative Gabriel Garcia Moreno unified the country in the 1860s with the support of the Roman Catholic Church. In the late 19th century, world demand for cocoa tied the economy to commodity exports and led to migrations from the highlands to the agricultural frontier on the coast.
- SharonLv 44 years ago
You can check the CIA World Factbook for independence dates for all of those countries (see "national holiday" entry). Note that several of those countries never obtained independence from Spain. Brazil was a Portuguese colony, French Guiana remains a French colony, Suriname was a Dutch colony. Guyana was first a Dutch then a British colony. Also, the country of Colombia is spelled Colombia, not Columbia. Columbia is the capital of South Carolina.