This sounds like Freudian Psychoanalysis. Sigmund Freud believed in what is called The Id, The Ego, and The Superego, which were parts of the brain he believed guided thought processes from what is appropriate to any primitive feelings the being may have.
The ID is what is what guides the "pleasure principle" or feelings a human may have to experience pure, selfish pleasure.
The EGO is seen as a part of the brain that gives a realistic perspective to the person, letting the person know how their actions may lead to certain consequences.
The SUPER-EGO strives for absolute perfection within the individual, often criticizing what the person does or will do.
Freud felt that these drives guided a human being throughout his/her entire life, until death.
Unlike Behaviorism (which behaviors are guided by reinforcers) and other theories, Freud's theory still remains highly subjective, yet certain principles from his studies I feel STILL relate to many of us.
I hope this answers your question.
I suggest you check here for more information- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Id,_ego,_and_super-ego