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information on the lost city of atlantis?
- elisha99Lv 41 decade agoFavorite Answer
Atlantis (in Greek, Ἀτλαντὶς νῆσος, "island of Atlas") is a legendary island first mentioned in Plato's dialogues Timaeus and Critias.
In Plato's account, Atlantis was a naval power lying "in front of the Pillars of Hercules" that conquered many parts of Western Europe and Africa 9,000 years before the time of Solon, or approximately 9600 BC. After a failed attempt to invade Athens, Atlantis sank into the ocean "in a single day and night of misfortune".
Scholars dispute whether and how much Plato's story or account was inspired by older traditions. Some scholars argue Plato drew upon memories of past events such as the Thera eruption or the Trojan War, while others insist that he took inspiration from contemporary events like the destruction of Helike in 373 BC or the failed Athenian invasion of Sicily in 415–413 BC.
The possible existence of a genuine Atlantis was discussed throughout classical antiquity, but it was usually rejected and occasionally parodied by later authors. As Alan Cameron states: "It is only in modern times that people have taken the Atlantis story seriously; no one did so in antiquity". While little known during the Middle Ages, the story of Atlantis was rediscovered by Humanists in the Early Modern period. Plato's description inspired the utopian works of several Renaissance writers, like Francis Bacon's "New Atlantis". Atlantis inspires today's literature, from science fiction to comic books to films, its name having become a byword for any and all supposed advanced prehistoric lost civilizationsSource(s): For more information, look at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantis
- 1 decade ago
An archaeologist suggested that instead of being west of the Pillars of Hercules, Atlantis was east. He also thought that the catastrophic end of the island had come not 9000 years before Plato's time, but only 900. If this was true, the land of Atlantis might already be a well-known place even in Plato's time: the island of Crete.
Crete is now a part of modern Greece and lies just south of Athens across part of the Mediterranean Sea. Before 1500 B.C. it was the seat of the Minoan Empire. The Minoans dominated the eastern Mediterranean with a powerful navy and probably extracted tribute from other surrounding nations. Archaeological excavations have shown that Minoan Crete was probably one of the most sophisticated cultures of its time. It had splendid architecture and art. A code of laws gave women equal legal status to men. Agriculture was highly developed and an extensive irrigation system existed.
Then, seemingly in a blink of an eye, the Minoan Civilization disappeared. Geological studies have shown that on an island we now know as Santorinas, located just ten miles to the north of Crete, a disaster occurred that was very capable of toppling the Minoan state.
Santorinas today is a lush Mediterranean paradise consisting of several islands in a ring shape. Twenty-five hundred years ago, though, it was a single large island with a volcano in the center. The volcano blew itself apart in a massive explosion around 1500 B.C.
To understand the effect of such an explosion, scientists have compared it with the most powerful volcanic explosion in historic times. This occurred on the Island of Krakatoa in 1883. There a giant wave, or tsunami, 120 feet high raced across the sea and hit neighboring islands, killing 36,000 people.
The tsunami that hit Crete must have traveled inland for over half a mile, destroying any coastal towns or cities. The great Minoan fleet of ships were all sunk in a few seconds. Overnight the powerful Minoan Empire was crushed and Crete changed to a political backwater. One can hardly imagine a catastrophe more like Plato's description of Atlantis' fate than the destruction of Crete.
Many of the details of the Atlantis story fit with what is now known about Crete. Women had a relatively high political status, both cultures were peaceful, and both enjoyed the unusual sport of ritualistic bullfighting (where an unarmed man wrestled and jumped over a bull.
If the fall of the Minoans is the story of Atlantis, how did Plato get the location and time wrong? Galanopoulos suggested there was a mistake during translation of some of the figures fro
- Anonymous1 decade ago
First i would like to correct the young lady above, Atlantis in Greek, Ἀτλαντίς, "daughter of Atlas" not lsland.
As much as Atlantis-hunters would wish you to believe Plato to have been a historian in the mould of Herodotus he was not. And nor was he a geographer in the mould of, say, Hecataeus. On the contrary Plato was a philosopher and a part-time mythologist. Moreover he was not even an ordinary philosopher; rather he was what was called a ‘true philosopher’, whose interests lay primarily in metaphysical otherworldly matters. Therefore, if there is any truth behind Plato’s account of Atlantis it is unlikely to have anything to do with history or geography rather, it should be rooted in myth, mysticism, esotericism and the metaphysical world.
Herodotus tells a highly revealing story of a bragging contest between the Athenians and the Tegeans in which each side listed their greatest military accomplishments. Here, the Athenians recited their heroism at the battle of Marathon, but spoke also of their achievements in ancient times their intervention in the war of ‘the Seven against Thebes’, their repulsion of the Amazonians who had invaded Attica, and their instrumental role in the Trojan War. But as for the idea that their ancestors had repulsed the invasion of Atlantis, the Athenian soldiers said nothing at all a very strange omission if Plato’s account contained any historical truth.
I would remind you that there is no archaeological evidence for the historicity of the war between Athens and Atlantis (quite the opposite); that there is no evidence whatsoever for a sunken island-continent on the Atlantic Ocean floor; that Herodotus and Socrates had never heard of the Athens-Atlantis war, also that Plato did insist on the poetic (i.e. mythical) nature of Solon’s story by comparing Solon to the great poets Homer and Hesiod; that Plato did place the war in a pre-diluvian era (predating the creation of mankind!); and that Plato was not a historian, nor a geographer, but a true philosopher,
It therefore makes sense that Atlantis signified the ‘true myth’ of the creation of the Universe, encapsulating ideas such as the antediluvian paradise lost the fall of the sky, the mystery of the underworld, and the mystery of the soul, or spirit that had brought everything to life.
Thus Atlantis becomes a symbol for a spiritual quest, the quest for knowledge of the origins of the Universe, the quest for knowledge of the origins of life, and the quest for knowledge of what life truly is.
So, To search for Atlantis here on Earth, in the form of a lost civilisation, is the veritable antithesis of Plato’s philosophy. I believe The great man would be grieved indeed to witness such materialistic folly.
- leatherwoodLv 44 years ago
i do no longer think in company solutions yet after 50+ years I ought to declare i do no longer think in an Atlantis of pyramids and roads and ability crystals. Plato replaced into describing a civilization which began with morally greater persons. They weren't so technologically greater they could no longer be overwhelmed by using present day Athenians, and honestly the tale replaced into informed to Solon by using fact the clergymen have been so grateful to Athens for what that victory meant to them. Ignatius Donnelly and Lewis Spence produced some exciting thoughts relating to the mum Civilization of Atlantis theory, yet they have been precisely no longer convincing to me by using fact they have been so time-certain and airtight. Their recommendations of what replaced into greater weren't Plato's in any respect and neither have been many of their different definitions. i've got consistently had a puzzling time pertaining to the two and my issues have grown, by using fact i've got entered my dotage. The pilots sightings are too honestly explainable: Ice is produced from crystals and traces, probable forming shapes, and the "artifacts" can very honestly be an on the spot results of imperfections interior the crystalline shape of the glaciers. If there is going to be information, it has to return from someplace else. i will say i think in Atlantis. Plato stated it replaced into genuine and who am I to argue with a Champion Olympic Wrestler? yet i do no longer think in this contemporary-day theory of it anymore.
- 1 decade ago
I am not as knowledgeable as those above and I'll admit that but wouldn't the Azores Islands seem a probable place for Atlantis seeing as they are Mountain tops to a great country.
- Anonymous1 decade ago