was set up??

My company was set up in 2000.

My company was established in 2000.

以上兩句是什麼式,,是過去式嗎? 如果用過去完成式又否合意思

My company has set up in 2000.

My company has established in 2000.

is am are were was 後面的 verb 是否可以不用加 ing..

Update:

My company has set up for 2000.

MY company has established sine 2000.

我的公司由二千年開到現在..

以上兩二句是否正確

6 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    (1)

    My company was set up in 2000.

    My company was established in 2000.

    以上兩句是什麼式,,是過去式嗎?

    答: 是過去式(past tense) 的被動式 (passive voice)。两句意思相近,文法都正確。

    我的公司在2000年(被我)成立。

    (2)

    如果用過去完成式又否合意思

    My company has set up in 2000.

    My company has established in 2000.

    答: 你的例子是現在完成式 (has set up), 不是過去完成式(had set up)。可以用現在完成式,但要用被動式 (has been set up; has been established), 並且要指明一個從以前到現在的時段,例如: since 2000。

    改良句子 (現在完成式被動式):

    My company has been set up since 2000.

    My company has been established since 2000.

    解: 我的公司在2000年已經成立了。這兩句合文法,亦合意思,尢其是要強調公司已有多年經驗。很多老牌公司會寫,例如: established since 1921。不過通常都會用 established since,不大會用 set up since.

    (3)

    is am are were was 後面的 verb 是否可以不用加 ing..

    答: 是,當用作被動式時,[is, am, are, were, was) 的 verb 是 past participle,所以不加 ing.

    e.g.

    (a) 主動式,現在進行式: I am setting up my company.

    (b) 被動式,現在進行式:My company is being set up.

    (c) 被動式,過去式:My company was set up in 2000.

    (4)

    補充:

    My company has set up for 2000.

    MY company has established sine 2000.

    我的公司由二千年開到現在..

    以上兩二句是否正確

    答:

    第一句: 不正確。 (a) 要用被動式 (b) for 是指時段的時間,由 2000年到2009年是九年。 句子應是: My company has been set up for 9 years. 我的公司已經成立了九年。

    第二句: 不正確。 要用被動式。句子應是: My company has been established since 2000. 我的公司在二千年已經成立了(*現在還存在)。

    這句句子就等於說: 我的公司由二千年開到現在。英文等於: My company has been operating since 2000.

    Source(s): myself
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

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  • 1 decade ago

    一点意見:

    003是對的.公司衹成立一次,應衹用past tense.

  • Jenkin
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    My company一定只可以用was established/set up in 2000.

    即是說前兩句都對,不過一般公司你都會見到past tensed的成立日期(例如Esprit衫褲你會見到Established in 1968),因為成立的日期一定是過去了的,而正式寫作是要用被動式was established因為一間公司不會自己成立自己,是由一班人成立它。

    因此作為formal寫作我會用

    My company was established in 2000.

    口語說話則可以用

    My company was set up in 2000.

    其他兩句都是錯句。(理由是當中的perfect tense的主體是COMPANY,按前述一間公司不能自己作為主體成立自己。)

    另外可能只有一情況會出現perfect tense,但仍是past perfect tense:My comapny had been established in 2000.意思是曾經在2000年你有過一間公司,你的公司現在已經不在存在。單單用這個時式英詞人便已經表達了公司已倒閉或已經不是自己的了。那麼聽到有人這樣說的話便小心不要追問現時業務如何了。由於實在很少會這樣寫正式文件或談話,所以只是因應你對perfect tense的用法疑惑多提一點。

    盼能解釋清楚。

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  • 1 decade ago

    My company was set up in 2000.

    My company was established in 2000.

    這是passive voice(被動句),即My company是動作的承受者(被動)而非發出者(主動)。

    被動句的形成為be+過去分詞(past participle)

    以上兩句為過去式(was)

    若為active voice(主動句),應作

    Someone(probably I) set up my company in 2000.

    Someone(probably I) established my company in 2000.

    「以上兩句是什麼式,,是過去式嗎? 如果用過去完成式又否合意思」

    首先,過去完成式為had+過去分詞(past participle),你的兩句是現在完成式。

    現在完成式不會霸佔過去式的時間來用。

    現在完成式:

    1.剛剛發生的事情

    2.由過去一段時間到目前為止發生的事情

    1.He has just stepped on a piece of banana peel .

    just是剛剛

    2.This is the second time you have spelled this word wrongly.

    the second time是第二次 即由過去到目前為止 你第二次錯誤地拼寫這個字

    I have lived in this house for many years/since 1992.

    since 1992是自從1992 即自從1992開始 (到目前為止) 我住在這間屋

    for many years持續很多年 即由過去到目前為止 我住在這間屋很多年

    過去完成式是指發生比過去式更早的事情,先決條件是有時間上的比較。

    過去完成式

    After he had brushed his teeth , he went to bed .或

    He had brushed his teeth before he went to bed .

    had brushed his teeth 是先進行的動作 went to bed是其後的動作

    「is am are were was 後面的 verb 是否可以不用加 ing.. 」

    不是be的問題 是tense或句子的問題

    被動句為be+過去分詞(past participle)

    現在進行式為is/am/are+現在分詞(present participle)

    過去進行式為was/were+現在分詞(present participle)

    2009-11-30 21:37:22 補充:

    現在完成式中的第二點 「由過去一段時間到目前為止發生的事情」

    「到目前為止」可理解為「持續到現在」

    2009-11-30 21:50:17 補充:

    說得清潔一點 用過去完成式是不行 因為沒有時間上的比較

    但可用現在完成式 不過要改一點點

    My company has been set up since 2000.

    My company has been set up for 9 years.

    My company has been established since 2000.

    My company has been established for 9 years.

    2009-11-30 21:50:56 補充:

    打錯字了 「說得清潔一點」的「清潔」應作「清楚」

    謝謝!

    2009-12-02 17:54:00 補充:

    「My company has set up for 2000.

    MY company has established sine 2000.

    我的公司由二千年開到現在..

    以上兩二句是否正確 」

    應作since 解作自從

    for是持續的意思

  • 1 decade ago

    我幫它篇排號數:

    1.My company was set up in 2000.

    2.My company was established in 2000.

    3.My company has set up in 2000.

    4.My company has established in 2000.

    1.,2.是過去式.

    3.不合意思

    4.合意思

    is am are要加

    were was不用加

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