劉昀嘟 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

高中程度英文、文法綜測,請高手解惑(20點)

除了答案之外請解釋為什麼?

(只有答案請勿答) (文法基礎0,回答越易懂越好,)

(回答越多題越好者得點^^)

1.The boy fell off the tree, ________.

(A) and breaking his leg (B) breaking his leg (C) broke his leg

(D) his leg was badly broken

答案A & B ,為何加或不可加and?C & D 錯誤為何?

2.Mark Twain was known ________ a humorous writer.

(A) like (B) as (C) for (D) to

3.Sally’s joke sounds familiar. I remember __________ it a few weeks ago.

(A) I hear (B) to hear (C) heard (D) hearing

4.The sooner, the ______.

(A) better (B) best (C) good (D) well

5.We suggested that Joe ________ the lessons more carefully before taking the exam.

(A) studies (B) studying (C) studied (D) study

6.I didn’t want to do it. I was made _____ it.

(A) do(B) did (C) to do (D) doing

7.If that earthquake had lasted for a few more minutes, there ____ greater damage and loss of life.

(A) would have been (B) would be (C) might be (D) have been

8.In front of the City Hall ________ a group of people.

(A) was (B) have (C) had (D) were

9. When she ______ to school, I will tell her the truth.

(A) comes (B) will come (C) is going to come (D) would come

10.Only when he faces the music ______ a solution to it.

(A) he will figure out (B) he thinks of (C) will he figure out (D) he considers

11.People say that the house _____ the window is broken is haunted.

(A) whose (B) of which (C) which (D) that

12._____ by hunger, John robbed his classmate of fifty dollars.

(A) Having driven (B) Drove (C) Driving (D) Driven

13.Jacky is the boy _____ will be elected as class leader.

(A) whom (B) who (C) whoever (D) whomever

14.War is avoidable _____ people are willing to talk things out.

(A) though (B) but (C) nevertheless (D) as long as

15.There ______ no taxi, I had no choice but to walk home.

(A) was(B) is (C) being (D) had been

16.He always takes _____ for granted that his parents should provide him with what he needs.

(A) that (B) it (C) those (D) this

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.The boy fell off the tree, (B) breaking his leg.

    (A) and breaking his leg - 應該成 and broke his leg

    (C) broke his leg - 流水型句子,前邊少了介係詞 and

    (D) his leg was badly broken - 流水型句子,前邊少了介係詞 and

    注:在英文文法系統裏,流水型句子 (run-on sentence) 是不符合文法的。

    2.Mark Twain was known (B) as a humorous writer.

    解:固定詞語搭配

    3.Sally’s joke sounds familiar. I remember (D) hearing it a few weeks ago.

    (A) I hear - 應該是過去式,應該成 I heard

    (B) to hear - remember 後邊不跟不定式動詞

    (C) heard - 少了對象,應該成 I heard

    4.The sooner, the (A) better.

    解:句法要般配,sooner 是 soon 的比較式,而 better 正是 good 的比較式。

    5.We suggested that Joe (D) studied the lessons more carefully before taking the exam.

    解:suggested 是過去式,所以 studied 是唯一的答案。

    6.I didn’t want to do it. I was made (C) to do it.

    解:固定詞語搭配

    7.If that earthquake had lasted for a few more minutes, there (A) would have been greater damage and loss of life.

    解:第三假設複句的句法:had + 過去分詞;would have + 過去分詞

    8.In front of the City Hall (D) were a group of people.

    解:a group of people 是複數,所以用 were, have 和 had 完全不合邏輯

    9. When she (A) comes to school, I will tell her the truth.

    解:其他選項意思不搭

    10.Only when he faces the music (C) will he figure out a solution to it.

    解:倒裝句,前句開端為副詞 (如:only),后句就以助動詞/ 情態動詞 (如:do 和 will 等) 開始。

    11.People say that the house (B) of which the window is broken is haunted.

    (A) whose - 只用在人身上

    (C) which - 後邊對象與前邊主語不同

    (D) that - 後邊對象與前邊主語不同

    12.(D) Driven by hunger, John robbed his classmate of fifty dollars.

    (A) Having driven - 應該成 Having been driven 意思才對,或者省略成 Driven 也行 (只限用於句子開端),同樣是被動式。

    (B) Drove - 不符合文法

    (C) Driving - 不符合文法

    13.Jacky is the boy (B) who will be elected as class leader.

    (A) whom - who 的賓語

    (C) whoever - 意思是任何人

    (D) whomever - whoever 的賓語

    14.War is avoidable (D) as long as people are willing to talk things out.

    解:as long as 意思是“只要”,其他 though (雖然),but (但是),nevertheless (然而) 都不對。

    15.There (A) was no taxi, I had no choice but to walk home.

    解:其他選項都不符合文法和句意

    16.He always takes (B) it for granted that his parents should provide him with what he needs.

    解:固定短語,take it for granted 就是“理所當然”

    2009-12-02 14:15:34 補充:

    1。那男孩从树上跌了下来,摔断了腿。

    2。马克特外尼以一名幽默作者著名。

    3。莎丽的笑话乍听熟悉。我记得几星期前也听过同样的笑话。

    4。越快越好。

    5。我们建议Joe在坐考前更为小心学习课程。

    (注:suggest (that) + 原动词,这是假设语气的用法,也接受)

    6。我不想做的。我是被迫去做的。

    7。倘若地震持续多几分钟的话,那么伤害与死亡指数会更加惨重。

    8。城市大堂前有一群人在那里。

    9.。她一到学校,我就告知她真相。

    10。只有当他面对音乐时,他才会想出个解决法子来。

    11。人家说那间窗户破的房子闹鬼。

    12。被饥饿所逼,John 抢劫他班上同学的五十元。

    2009-12-02 14:19:54 補充:

    13。Jacky是即将被选为班长的男孩。

    14。只要人们愿意妥协,战争是能够避免的。

    15。已经没有计程车了,我只好走路回家。

    (注:用 (D) had been,表示‘已经’,意思会比较正确)

    16。他经常把父母应该提供他的需求当成理所当然的事。

    2009-12-05 18:02:35 補充:

    1。那男孩從樹上跌了下來,摔斷了腿。

    2。Mark Twain 以一名幽默作者著名。

    3。Sally 的笑話乍聼熟悉。我記得幾星期前聼過同樣的笑話。

    4。越快越好。

    5。我們建議 Joe 在坐考前仔細學習課程。

    6。我不想做的。我是被迫去做的。

    7。倘若地震持續多幾分鐘的話,那麽傷害與死亡指數會更加慘重。

    8。City Hall 前有一群人站在那裏。

    9。她一到學校,我就告知她真相。

    10。只有儅他面對音樂時,他才會想出個解決法子。

    11。人們說那窗戶破的房子鬧鬼。

    12。被飢餓所逼,John 搶劫他班同學的50元。

    2009-12-05 18:02:40 補充:

    13。Jacky 是即將被選為班長的男孩。

    14。只要人們願意妥協,戰爭是能夠避免的。

    15。已經沒有計程車了,我只好走路回家。

    (用 had been 比較恰當,表示“已經”)

    16。他把父母應該提供他所需求的一切當成是理所當然的事。

    Source(s): 自己
  • 1 decade ago

    1.The boy fell off the tree, ________.

    B,因為原句為:and he broke his leg,此題為省略主詞/助動詞的分詞構句

    2.Mark Twain was known ________ a humorous writer.

    B,為固定用法,表以<某種>身分聞名

    3.Sally;s joke sounds familiar. I remember __________ it a few weeks ago.

    D,remember+Ving昰表示記得聽過

    remember+toV昰表示記得去聽

    4.The sooner, the ______.

    A,the+比較級,the+比較級,意思是越.....就越.....

    5.We suggested that Joe ________ the lessons more carefully before taking the exam.

    D,此題為固定文法,suggest+that(可省略)+原V(recommend也可這樣用)

    6.I didn’t want to do it. I was made _____ it.

    C,使役動詞受詞若為主動主動+原V,被動+toV

    7.If that earthquake had lasted for a few more minutes, there ____ greater damage and loss of life.

    A,與過去事實相反的假設語氣,had + 過去分詞;would have + 過去分詞

    8.In front of the City Hall ________ a group of people

    D,一群人為複數,have和had不合乎邏輯

    9. When she ______ to school, I will tell her the truth.

    A,為固定文法

    10.Only when he faces the music ______ a solution to it.

    A,同上題

    11.People say that the house _____ the window is broken is haunted.

    D,tha tthe window is broken 昰形容詞子句,形容前面人們說的房子

    12._____ by hunger, John robbed his classmate of fifty dollars.

    D,原句為John was driven by hunger,跟第一題一樣為省略主詞及助動詞的分詞構句,只不過第一題是主動+Ving,這一題是被動+過去分詞

    13.Jacky is the boy _____ will be elected as class leader.

    B,後面已為被動式,故不用賓語whom,whoever及whomever是指任何人

    14.War is avoidable _____ people are willing to talk things out.

    D,昰指只要,A是雖然,B是但是,C昰然而

    15.There ______ no taxi, I had no choice but to walk home.

    D,此題是考過去完成式,表示比走回家更過去發生的事(沒計程車)

    16.He always takes _____ for granted that his parents should provide him with what he needs.

    B,take.....for granted表示將...視為理所當然,it昰指父母提供他任何他想要的

    Source(s): 自己
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