Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Society & CultureRoyalty · 1 decade ago

How would this affect Henry VIII getting his divorce?

This is Year 8 History work so it might not be accurate. Henry VIII was named the 'Defender of the Church' by the Pope when he defended it against Martin Luther's claims. How could this help the Pope's decision whether to give him a divorce or not? Is it because the Pope would want to repay him? How could this hinder the Pope's decision to give him a divorce? I'm really stuck on these two reasons and my test is tomorrow so please help :) thanks

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  • Paco
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    There are at least 4 popes that were significantly involved.

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    * Pope Julius II was pope between the years when Henry was age 12 to age 21. He was the pope that granted Henry the dispensation to marry the widow of his older brother.

    * Pope Leo X succeeded Julius II, When Henry was age 26 Martin Luthur nailed his demands to the church door. Henry was very vigorous in attacking the protestants in England, and Pope Leo granted him the title of 'Defender of the Faith' when Henry was age 30. Pope Leo died two years later.

    * When Henry was age 35 he approached the pope about getting an annulment (not a divorce). The pope was now Clement VII . His argument was that pope Julius II had been misled into believing that Katherine was a virgin after her husband died (they were married for 20 weeks), and he wanted Clement to void the dispensation. In the eyes of the church it would mean the marriage was never legal, and Mary I, would have been illegitimate.

    ====================

    I think that the pope Clement wanted to reward Henry the 8th for all of his loyal service to the Roman Catholic church. To revoke the dispensation wouldn't have been a problem, except that the nephew of Katherine of Aragon was now the ruler of the Holy roman Empire, and the Spanish Realms. In short he was now the wealthiest, most powerful man in the entire world. Carlos did not want to see his aunt's marriage declared null and void.

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    Basically it came down to the pope disappointing Henry the 8th, or Carlos V. The pope obviously chose not to annoy Carlos V.

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    Henry separated the Anglican church from the Roman Catholic church at the end of Pope clement's life. However, he did not adopt any ritual that varied from Catholic dogma .

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    Henry the 8th was not actually excommunicated until after his son was born (at age 47). By this point pope Clement had died and Pope Paul III reigned.

    =================

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    So his title should have helped him because it would have been a reward for his loyalty. His title hindered him because it showed he was a good Catholic king, and the pope could only grant him a dispensation by declaring that Catherine was lying. To declare Catherine a liar would anger her nephew, the most powerful secular Catholic in the world.

    Source(s): Pope Clement VII http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04024a.htm
  • 1 decade ago

    Henry VIII had married his older brother's widow. This was against church canons. He came to regret his decision (he saw the lack of a son as evidence of God's displeasure with him), and decided to seek an annulment, not a divorce, of his marriage, as it had not been a "legal" marriage in the first place.

    However, his wife, Catherine of Aragon, was sister to the King of Spain. The King of Spain was holding the Pope hostage at that time (gotta love 16th century politics!). So, the Pope could not grant the annulment without suffering the wrath of the Spanish King. So, he stalled as much as he could.

    English kings had always shared the right to appoint bishops, including the Archbishop of Canterbury, the senior bishop in England. This had always existed. It was pointed out that under English law, the King was supreme. Up until then, they had paid the "Peter's Pence," which was money sent to the Pope as sort of a church tax. However, this money was being used to equip armies that were opposed to England. Thus, the English people were financing their enemies. It was suggested that this acknowledging the supremacy of a foreign power (the Pope had temporal as well as spiritual power - he was a King in his own right) was against English law.

    So, Henry removed the power of the Pope to appoint bishops in England, and stopped sending the Peter's Pence to Rome. He appointed an archbishop that gave him his annulment.

    These things annoyed the Pope, of course, and Henry was excommunicated. However, he remained Roman Catholic, and did NOT found the Anglican Church, as everyone loves to repeat, even though it is not true!

    Source(s): Degree in Theology, including courses in Anglican History
  • Nancy
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    henry the VIII wanted a divorce from his brothers widow which he married the pope would not grant it so henry the VIII split from the chatholic church forming the church of england evenutually becoming the anglican church when his daughter Elizabeth came into power these decisions impacted the people since they were stripped from their pope and had to follow the king as the head of their church the king also confiscated the lands of the catholic priests which increased the countries economical standings [[the catholic church owned more land in england than the king]] so the king got his divorce much wealth for the national treasury started a new church

  • 1 decade ago

    The Christian Churches didn't take enough notice of who was being spoken to - Leviticus Chapter 21 (one wife, no divorce) is for Priests rather than the 'general public'. (congregation). Our Monarch is still "Defender of the Church" - a Protestant one. (sorry, I'm not sure what age year 8 is) It is an adult matter - but needs start somewhere.

    capitalg. - Queen Elizabeth 1st kept it going. - Rome wasn't built in a day. - Most still think we were wrong don't they !! (Yes).

    Christianity (Religion) is a National matter (or group of Nations such as our Commonwealth) - Being in the E.U. seems to have us paying "Peters Penny" again !!

    Have you worked out how many 'mothers' made up the Tribes of Jacob (renamed Israel) and how many of them were 'wives'.

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  • 1 decade ago

    wow that first answer is one tough act to follow

    Source(s): my head
  • 1 decade ago

    Do your own homework

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