Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

有英文問題 急....

1.Fable are short ,simple stories 〝that〞 teach us lessons.

請問that在此句的功能是引導名詞子句還是形容子句呢?

teach us lessons/lesson的意思為何?

2.These lessons ,〝called〞morals,are usually serious points about how to behave

in the world.

本句中called 為何不能寫成 are called ,calling 或 that are called?

名詞有時候不會一單字的型式表示〈如milk butterfly〉而是以名詞子句或名詞片語的

形式出現。 分析一下兩者的區別? 找出本句中哪個部份是名詞片語或名詞子句?

3 .This ancient form of writing 〝has been used 〞 also by many modern writers.

has been used 要表達的意思是什麼呢?它與 was used 和 has used 有何不同呢?

4. One of〝the best known of 〝these 〞is James Thurber.

the best known 指得是什麼? 代名詞these是代替了哪一個名詞?

5.Thurber wrote simple stories 〝that used〞animals 〝as〞 characters.

that 它可以引導名詞子句也可以當關係代名詞引導形容詞子句。此處的that 是哪一種用法?

used as再此的意思為何?

6.Thurber's stories always end in a very 〝differtent〞tone 〝than〞the usual fable,and their morals are 〝 much more cynical 〞.

此句iffertent than 意思為何? 有其他意思相近的片語嗎? list them.

much more cynical的意思是什麼? 形容詞比較級的字眼除了much以外 還有哪些呢?

7.〝Once upon a〞〝 starless〞 midnight 〝there was 〞an owl 〝who 〞set on the branch of an oak tree.

Once upon a 的意思為何?

there was的意思為何?

who 是主格關代 還是受格關代?

8.who ?they quavered 〝in fear and astonishment〞〝for 〞they could not believe it was possible for anyone to see them in thick darkness.

in fear and astonishment 就詞性 是哪一種詞性?

for 在此句的詞性以及意義?

9.The moles hurried away and told 〝the other〞creatured of the field and forest 〝that 〞 theowl was the greatest and wisest of all animals he could see in the dark 〝and〞because he could answer any question.

我們在哪種情況會用到the other或是the others?

that 在此句是關係代名詞 還是 引導名詞子句呢?

and為連接詞 在此句and是用來連接什麼?

10. .....he called on the owl one night 〝when〞it was again very dark.

為何此句用 when而不是其他字眼如where 或 why 呢?

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1) stories 〝that〞 teach us lessons that指的是stories,它是先行詞,所以是形容詞子句   寓言是教導我們學習,簡單短篇的故事

    2)〝called〞morals= which are called morals

    它是插入句,省略 which are 為一分詞片語,不可以寫成 that are called morals,  因為that之前不可以有逗點,這個句子沒有名詞子句,只有how 帶出來的名詞片語 how to behave in the world

    3)〝has been used 〞現在完成被動式

    這種古時候的書寫方式還被現在的作家所使用  到目前為止還在用

    was used 過去某個時間點使用,現在不用了

    This ancient form of writing has used 你要它主動的去使用什麼?

    4)the best known 指的是眾所皆知的

    代名詞these是代替了哪一個名詞?看前文,眾所皆知的這些人其中之一是James Thurber

    5)stories that used animals 先行詞為 stories所以是形容詞子句

    as為一介糸詞加上名詞 作為故事中的角色

     

    6)稍後再答

    7).Once upon a starless midnight 為時間副詞片語,修飾面全句there was an owl who 為主格,指的是owl set on the branch of an oak tree.  there was 是倒裝,可以看成 An owl was there.

    8)in fear and astonishment為介系詞片語

    for 表理由的副詞連接詞,後面這一句為副詞子句they could not believe 為名詞子句 (it was possible for anyone to see them in thick darkness).作為believe的受詞

    9)The moles hurried away and told the other creatured of the field and forest 後接名詞子句,為told的直接受詞that theowl was the greatest and wisest of all animals he could see in the dark 〝and〞because he could answer any question.

    and是用來連接什麼?because也是連妾詞,不懂?

    10)one night 〝when〞it was again very dark   one night指的是時間點,只能用when,其它都不可以

    2009-11-29 20:35:03 補充:

    代名詞用法,只有兩個,第一個為 the one,剩下的一個就是 the other,兩個以上或多數,特定的一個,或指定的部份以外,其餘的就是 the others

    There are two men. One was blind, and the other was deaf.

    One of my brothers livers in Taipei; the others livei in Tainan.

    2009-11-29 20:51:33 補充:

    形容詞用法,other後面可接單複數名詞,但本身不可以加上"S"

    These oranges are fresher than the others.

    These oranges are fresher than the other ones/oranges.

    句中〝the other〞creatured ,所以 creature可能有錯字,它應該是單數或複數,不可能加上ed,在這裡是形容詞的用法

    2009-11-29 21:12:58 補充:

    differtent 為形容詞,修飾 tone,不同的語調  in a very differtent tone 為介糸詞片語, than為連接詞,和Thurber's stories比較,完整的寫法

    than the usual fable (end)

    much 為修飾比較級的副詞,修飾more cynical,表示更大程度地

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