Wasnt Texas, California, New Mexico & Arizona part of Mexico?
Werent those states part of Mexico a long time ago? I remember my mom talking about it. Can someone clarify that for me i need it for school also.
- Chief WhachusaLv 61 decade agoBest Answer
"Manifest Destiny & Mexican-American War Timeline"
"September 16, 1810 - Mexico Celebrates Independence
El Día de Independencia in Mexico is a current national holiday that commemorates this date—the start of the country's war for independence from Spanish imperial control. (The holiday actually begins on the evening of the fifteenth.)
February 22, 1819 - Adams-Onis Treaty
The Adams-Onis Treaty with Spain is signed in Washington, allowing for the American purchase of Florida. In exchange, the U.S. gives up all claims to Texas. The subsequent outcry condemns Secretary of State (and future president) John Quincy Adams for allowing "the loss of Texas," and subsequently a scramble ensues to acquire Texas by purchase.
January 1, 1819 - Mexico Populates Texas
Mexico starts to populate Texas. But Mexican liberals and even Yorkinos (the radical populist faction in Mexico) of the federal republic wind up in charge of the colonization effort. These people greatly admire North American entrepreneurship and culture.
September 27, 1821 - Mexican Independence
Mexico achieves full independence from Spain.
November 7, 1835 - Government in Texas
Texas forms a provisional government at San Felipe de Austin. Its council shows support for the 1824 Mexican constitution and it appoints a governor, but does not yet declare independence.
December 20, 1835 - Declaration for Texas
In Goliad, local Tejanos and Anglo-Texan settlers sign the first declaration of independence for Texas.
January 1, 1836 - Distant Texan Government
Texas is under the control of the Mexican state of Coahuila, and the capital at Saltillo is so far to the south that many Texans find it annoyingly distant. A new Mexican Constitution, enacted in 1836, abolishes states entirely, antagonizing Texans further by requiring all administration to be based in far-off Mexico City.
February 23, 1836 - The Alamo
Five thousand Mexican soldiers under General Santa Anna lay siege to the Alamo, a mission church in San Antonio, Texas, being used as a makeshift fortress by Anglo-Texan rebels. Thirteen days later, on 6 March, the Mexican forces attack the Alamo and its 189 defenders. Only sixteen women, children, and servants survive. Among the slain are frontiersman and former congressman Davy Crockett (who uses his musket, "Old Betsy," as a club in his final hours), Jim Bowie (inventor of the Bowie knife), and a group of Texan and America volunteers. "Remember the Alamo" becomes a rallying cry for Sam Houston's Texan forces.
March 2, 1836 - Texan Independence
The Texas Declaration of Independence is enacted, creating the Republic of Texas (otherwise known as the "Lone Star Republic"). This independent state is never officially recognized by either Mexico or the United States. The U.S. government refuses to recognize Texas because it does not want to agitate sectional strife; abolitionists oppose Texas's admission to the Union because they know it will become a slave state. But the U.S. does commence secret annexation negotiations with Texas in 1843.
April 21, 1836 - Battle of San Jacinto
In the Battle of San Jacinto, General Sam Houston leads his forces to victory over General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexican soldiers. Santa Anna is taken prisoner the following day, forcing him to sign peace treaties granting Texas its independence (although Mexico never formally acknowledges this).
January 1, 1842 - Whig Tariff
Whig Party legislators pass a strongly protectionist tariff, one of the few pieces of legislation to survive President John Tyler's veto. The tariff becomes a principal source of factionalism among Democrats.
January 1, 1842 - U.S.-Canada Border Agreement
Lord Ashburton of Great Britain agrees to a treaty that settles Anglo-American disputes over the U.S-Canadian boundary in the Pacific Northwest.
January 1, 1843 - Oregon Trail
Migration to the Willamette Valley in Oregon booms. In less than twenty years, some 53,000 settlers undertake the grueling six-month journey by wagon train along the Oregon Trail from Independence, Missouri.
August 1, 1843 - War Threat Over Texas
Mexican General Santa Anna threatens war with the U.S. if Texas is annexed.
January 1, 1844 - 54-40 or Fight
James K. Polk, Democrat from Tennessee, campaigns for the presidency on an expansionist platform. Polk not only calls for the annexation of Texas, but demands that the British concede to total American control of the Oregon Territory, all the way north to the 54th Parallel (the southern boundary of Russian Alaska). Vowing not to compromise with the British, Polk incorporates the Oregon Territory's northernmost latitude into his famous campaign slogan, "54º40' or fight."
April 1, 1844 - Calhoun Holds Up Texas
John Calhoun, appointed Secretary of State under President John Tyler, learns that the prominent Globe newspaper is about to endorse Martin Van Buren for president. In response, Calhoun—who opposes Van Buren—arranges to delay a Texas annexation treaty and make it so pro-slavery that no one from the North can support it.
April 27, 1844 - Debate Over Texas
Two letters written by Sen. Henry Clay of Kentucky are published in Washington newspapers. In them, Clay opposes the annexation of Texas because he says it poses a danger to the "integrity of the Union." The Whig party unanimously nominates Clay to serve as its presidential candidate on a platform that does not reference Texas at all.
November 1, 1844 - Polk Wins
Democrat James K. Polk wins the presidency, defeating Whig Henry Clay by a margin of just a 1.4% of the popular vote; he loses his home state, Tennessee, by 113 votes.
December 3, 1844 - Gag Rule Ends
John Quincy Adams, Whig representative from Massachusetts and former President, brings an end to the House gag rule on debate about slavery. Adams has been voted down in each of several previous attempts to repeal the gag rule, but this time, northern Democrats refuse to assist their southern colleagues. Seeking to distance themselves from the South to prevent the loss of their states to the Whigs, northern Democrats do not provide the votes necessary to table the motion; instead, they help to pass it, 108 to 80.
March 6, 1845 - Mexico U.S. Clash Over Texas
Two days after Polk takes office, the Mexican ambassador leaves for home; diplomatic relations between the two countries are severed over the American annexation of Texas.
July 4, 1845 - Rio Grande Border Debate
General Zachary Taylor is ordered to "approach as near the boundary line [between the U.S. and Mexico], the Rio Grande, as prudence will permit." Mexico contends that the boundary is marked not by the Rio Grande but by the Rio Nueces, farther to the north. Thus, in Mexican eyes, Taylor's march to the Rio Grande is in fact an invasion of Mexican territory.
July 1, 1845 - U.S.-Canadian Border Debate
The United States renews its compromise proposal of 49º north latitude for the U.S.-Canadian border line in Oregon Territory. Northwestern Democrats are embittered by this "betrayal" of Polk's campaign promise of "54-40 or fight."
February 1845 - Texas Offered Statehood
Congress passes a joint resolution offering to admit Texas to statehood after a long and bitter debate over the question of slavery. The vote is 120 to 98 in the House and 27 to 25 in the Senate.
March 1, 1845 - Statehood for Texas
In one of the last acts of his presidency, John Tyler signs the congressional resolution offering to admit Texas to statehood. It is an event heralded by most Americans—particularly neighboring southerners. Mexico vehemently objects, cutting its diplomatic ties with the United States upon receiving the news. Texas formally accepts annexation in June.
December 29, 1845 - Texas Enters US
Texas formally enters the United States.
December 2, 1845 - Polk Cites Monroe
In his opening message to Congress, President Polk cites the Monroe Doctrine of 1823 (though it will not be called by that name until 1852) to insist that no European colony or dominion shall be established on the North American continent. He wants to keep the British and the French away from California—still a Mexican province—which he covets as a prize for the United States.
January 1, 1846 - Taylor Advances to Rio Grande
In early 1846, General Zachary Taylor is ordered to advance to the east bank of the Rio Grande river.
January 1, 1846 - Sioux Protest
The Sioux Indians, in a petition to President Polk, protest that white settlers in the Great Plains region are driving away the buffalo on which the Sioux depend for food. This forces the Sioux to encroach upon enemy territory in order to find game to hunt, endangering their lives and the welfare of their families. The federal government ignores their pleas for assistance.
March 12, 1846 - Slidell Rejected
Minister John Slidell is rejected by the Mexican government, but stalls his return back to the U.S. until Congress approves the new Oregon Territory boundaries on April 23. That way, the country can focus on the situation with Mexico instead of having to worry about a simultaneous dispute with Britain.Source(s): Wars fought in/over California between Mexico and the U.S. "California Military History The Mexican War and California" http://www.militarymuseum.org/History%20Mex%20War.... President James Monroe wrote "The Monroe Document" but was not president at the time of the Mexican-American War. President James Polk declared war with Mexico. "The Mexicans shot back, and the newspapers in the US claimed that "American Blood has Been Shed on American Soil" - that was the story behind the Battle of the Alamo." "A freshman Whig Congressman from Illinois, Abraham Lincoln (ARC Identifier: 528389), questioned whether the "spot" where blood had been shed was really U.S. soil. On December 22, 1847, he introduced the "Spot Resolutions," of which the second and third pages of Lincoln's handwritten copy are shown. One of several congressional resolutions opposing the war, it was never acted upon by the full Congress." http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/lincoln-... How many times did Mexico refuse to sell their land? "1829, U.S. President Andrew Jackson offered to buy Texas from Mexico. The Mexican government flatly refused.", "Two years earlier, President John Quincy Adams, who Jackson unseated in 1828, sent orders to his minister in Mexico City to offer the Mexican government $1 million for Texas." http://blogs.chron.com/txpotomac/2009/08/today_in_...
- 3 years ago
Mexico City (Ciudad de México) may be the capital of Mexico and an amazing town surrounded by mighty pile ranges. To see this city you can pick the best choice hotelbye . The city's area is definitely breathtaking. Two magnificent snow-covered volcanoes, Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl, tower over it with their more of 5,000 meters. Mexico City also preserves numerous reminders of its past and those are issues that attract the tourists. The whipping center of Mexico City is Zócalo - the Plaza de la Constitución (Constitution Square) - where in actuality the country's first structure was proclaimed in 1813 and now could be one of the very visited host to Mexico City because it's among the world's greatest squares. In Mexico City you can even visit: the National Palace, the Metropolitan Cathedral and the Templo Mayor.
- BrotherhoodLv 71 decade ago
Yes they were.
The fact is that Mexico was under Spain's rule when the native population was forced into slavery and killed off by diseases brought here by the Spaniards.
When Mexico won her independence from Spain, the states you asked about also gained independence from Spain, but as the United States started growing and spreading West, they took over Texas where the Mexicans were killed off, (Remeber the Alamo) but in California the Mexicans didn't fight back.
They were taking a siesta when the Great States took over, although there was the Battle of Tijuana when they finally realized they'd better fight back or risk losing their entire nation.
Mexico won the Battle of Tijuana and that's why Tijuana is part of Mexico today but not San Diego.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
In 1848 the US government under President Monroe decided to obtain all of North America, so they sent troops to what is now Texas to attack the army of Santana, Mexico's army. The Mexicans shot back, and the newspapers in the US claimed that "American Blood has Been Shed on American Soil" - that was the story behind the Battle of the Alamo. The territories gained for the US by the war that followed included what you mentioned above.
The Monroe Doctrine, also called "Manifest Destiny", means it's the US duty or destiny to aquire any part of the western hemisphere that might be useful to it. This is still US policy.Source(s): The 3rd grade in the 1970's
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- Anonymous1 decade ago
...Yes... Texas took care of that problem in 1836 at a small Spanish Mission called the Alamo in what is now San Antonio, TX (the fight at the Alamo was lost, however, the Mexicans were kicked out of Texas by General Sam Houston a few months later).... God Bless Texas !
- Anonymous1 decade ago
And parts of Utah They defeated the Indians and we defeated them I always get a kick out of Mexicans when they say ''you stole it from us'' while much of southern Mexico was taken from Guatemala When they tell us to open our border while their southern border is a armed camp
As an aside the President of Mexico hide in my home town [El Paso] when they were invaded by the U K Spain and France The brits and Spanish left as told by the U S
You down there best you go back to the 3rd grade U S troops were not involved in the take over of Texas For many years the union would not allow us to join the union it was not until the Brits tried to ally with us that they let us in the union The brits were instrumental in getting Mexico to recognise as us a country. along with the butt kicking they received.Understand pumpkin head?
They holed up in the Alamo hoping to be reinforced Everyone was killed [no surrender was allowed] With your limited knowledge of Texas history I put a cork in it if y'all ever in Texas and I don't like you ragging the U S as a whole That kind of talk well get you hurt in Texas
- SuzanneLv 44 years ago
Funny how I can only pull up that article tony posted that says she made those ridiculous comments LOL. It's only obvious that he wants her not to be confirmed so he's making up crap. And as for the La Raza, they are helping strengthen communities throughout the USA, and not just necessarily Hispanic communities either. You should really learn about them, and not pay attention to what one person said.
- Anonymous6 years ago
No it was always part of America That's why they don't smell
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Yes they were. The treaty of Hildago (sp) gave this territory to the US in the 1840s.
- EmLv 61 decade ago
- 1 decade ago
Yes. But the americans defeated the mexicans like they defeat everyone else and won the land. :)