To Confucius, relationships involving the family are the key to an orderly society. One of those relationships-the relationship between father and son-is very much like that between the ruler and the ruled.
Like the ruler, the father must set an example for his son and look after his family.
The father takes the credit, or the blame, for his children’s actions.
The son, in turn, is expected to honor and obey his father.
Confucius stressed the idea of filial piety, the duty and respect that children owe their parents.