菲魚 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

關於英文一些基本文法(分詞構句)問題?

1.Grandpa sat in front of the TV with his eyes ____.

(A)closing (B)closed (C)to close (D)close

答案是B 請問為什麼呢?

2.My daughter was riding her bicycle with her hair ___ in the wind.

(A)blowing (B)blown (C)to blow (D)blow

答案A,我選B

她的頭髮是被風吹 不就是被動式嗎

3.That PSP ___ to my brother was lost several days ago.

為什麼答案是 belonging呢?

當時是想說東西是被屬於我哥哥的

可是被屬於感覺又怪怪的

老師有說belong這字永遠都主動?

4.There are hundreds of national flags ___in the wind.

(A)to flap (B)flap (C)flapping (D)flapped

想說國旗被風拍打 所以選D 答案卻是C

老師說因為There are 所以後面是+ing

但是這題

There are over 270000000 telephones ___ throughout the world.

A)install B)installing C)installed

答案卻是installed ?

不是有there are 答案就是installing嗎

我對文法很沒輒,常常按照規則卻都有例外

好像只要理解一個句子裡面必須擁有哪些詞性

又因為什麼哪些原因哪些詞而讓詞性改變

這樣選擇題就好做答了.

可是卻不知從哪裡開始著手><

麻煩各位高手解答了 謝謝^_^!

3 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    我第二題做錯了,不過也找到了原因。

    這些問題沒有一個算是分詞構句的題目,只能算是分詞的題目。分詞構句,既然您還沒用到就不用細說了。

    先假設您關係代名詞的概念已經夠好了。

    通通全部還原成有關係代名詞就能看出是主動還是被動了,也就能決定是用現在分詞(ving)還是過去分詞(p.p)。

    (第二題我最後再講)。

    要知道關代+be動詞的話可以一起省略掉關代和be動詞。

    1. = Grandpa sat in front of the TV with his eyes which are ___.

    眼睛不是自已動作的,可是人用意志去閉起來的

    另外您有查字典就可以知道 close 當形容詞用時沒有「閉起來的」意思。

    3That PSP which belongs to my brother was lost several days ago.

    = That PSP which is belonging to my brother was lost several days ago. (時態變了,但是整體的意思還是一樣,所以可以這樣變化)

    = That PSP belonging to my brother was lost several days ago.

    您老師說的沒錯,belong的用法就是 sb / sth belongs to sb / sth

    4

    這題和第二題有異曲同工之妙,只不過flap的vi用法我有看過、也有記得,blow的vi用法我有看過但一時疏乎了,所以剛剛自已做才會錯。

    先解題意,題意是flags 進行一個動作,不是被怎樣。怎麼看出來呢,反正先還原成關代就對了。

    =There are hundreds of national flags which are ___in the wind.

    我覺得是您看的不過多,flap遇過很多次,老實說我常看到的都是它的vi用法。v.t.也有。但是被動式就較少,但是也有。

    重點是一看就覺得

    There are hundreds of national flags which are ___in the wind.

    空格中填flapping 句子就是很普通、很常見、很完美的句子了。

    我想要注意動詞的vi的用法。可以單單表示動作,並不需要受詞。

    4

    完全沒有「有there be 答案就是Ving」這個定理。

    電話是被人安裝的呀 不是自已安裝的。

    當名詞的動詞(如果有的話)變成ving的話,整段話要變成當做一個名詞看。

    舉個例子:

    he moved the plant outdoors. = 句子

    he moving the plant outdoors = 名詞

    再回來看這題 =

    There are over 270000000 telephones installing throughout the world.

    文法錯誤,因為install是個v.t.。受詞呢?找不到install的受詞呀。

    還原成關代後更清楚

    = There are over 270000000 telephones which are ___ throughout the world.

    如果用installing

    文法錯誤,找不到install的受詞。

    There are over 270000000 telephones which are intalled throughout the world.

    句意清楚且完美。

    再回來看第二題

    2

    My daughter was riding her bicycle with her hair ___ in the wind.

    本來我也是選 blown,看到您提供的答案後去查才知道,blow 除了最常見到的v.t用法 ( sb / sth blows sb / sth) 外,原來它還有 v.i.用法

    Dr.eye 的blow的vi解釋

    吹動;隨風飄動[Q]

    The flags were blowing in the wind.

    My daughter was riding her bicycle with her hair ___ in the wind. =

    My daughter was riding her bicycle with her hair which is ___ in the wind.

    填 blowing =

    her hair which is blowing in the wind.

    她的頭髮在風中隨風飄動

    符合句意且完整。

    填 blown =

    her hair which is blown in the wind.

    她的頭髮在風中被吹著。

    或許會覺得這樣也沒錯,可是相比之下就是blowing較正確。

    除了用vi來說明這題外,另外也因為慣用法的原因(因為大家都這樣用啦,所以比較對)。可是這樣說好像偷懶的老師一樣,所以我不太想這樣說。

  • BABOO
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    1.Grandpa sat in front of the TV with his eyes ____.

    (A)closing (B)closed (C)to close (D)close

    答案是B 請問為什麼呢?

    答:

    動詞有兩種,一種叫及物動詞Vt ,一種叫不及物動詞Vi。

    及物動詞才有被動式,不及物的詞不會有被動式的。

    如果分詞構句中的動詞,是及物動詞時,那麼後面就應該有名詞當受詞,如果沒有看到有名詞時,那一定是被動式結構,所以就用過去分詞 V-ed表示。

    如果這個動詞是不及物動詞,那後面就不會接受詞了,也沒有被動式結構,所以就會用現在分詞V-ing。

    因此,這裡的每一題一定要先了解是Vt或Vi,如果是Vt就用V-ed,如果是Vi,就直接加ing。

    第一題的close 是Vt ,close your eyes ,這裡沒有受詞eyes ,事業上,已經移到前面了,所以是被動式,所以選B。

    2.My daughter was riding her bicycle with her hair ___ in the wind.

    (A)blowing (B)blown (C)to blow (D)blow

    答案A,我選B

    她的頭髮是被風吹 不就是被動式嗎

    答:

    her hair blows , blow是Vi , 沒有被動式,用主動結構,所以用現在分詞blowing。

    3.That PSP ___ to my brother was lost several days ago.

    為什麼答案是 belonging呢?

    當時是想說東西是被屬於我哥哥的

    可是被屬於感覺又怪怪的

    老師有說belong這字永遠都主動?

    答:

    belong to 中的belong 是Vi, 所以只能用belonging。

    4.There are hundreds of national flags ___in the wind.

    (A)to flap (B)flap (C)flapping (D)flapped

    想說國旗被風拍打 所以選D 答案卻是C

    老師說因為There are 所以後面是+ing

    答:

    the flags flap ,flap是Vi ,所以只能用flapping。 事實上和there is /are 無關,如果是被動結構,也就是Vt,還是必須用過去分詞V-ed的。

    例如:

    There were hunddreds soliders killed in the battle. 這裡指軍人被殺,是Vt的被動式,還是必須用killed。

    但是這題

    There are over 270000000 telephones ___ throughout the world.

    A)install B)installing C)installed

    答案卻是installed ?

    不是有there are 答案就是installing嗎

    答:

    install是Vt install telephones ,就是和前面Vt 一樣,要用installed,過去分詞了。

    我對文法很沒輒,常常按照規則卻都有例外

    好像只要理解一個句子裡面必須擁有哪些詞性

    又因為什麼哪些原因哪些詞而讓詞性改變

    這樣選擇題就好做答了.

    可是卻不知從哪裡開始著手><

    Source(s): 本人
  • 1 decade ago

    完全沒有「有there be 答案就是Ving」這個定理。

    是呀!

    因為國中教there is/are +名詞 + Ving是在國中一年級教,所以沒教被動時用過去分詞,三年級要教

    there is/are +名詞 + Ving / p.p.

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