The immediate reaction was a state of shock, grief, disbelief, horror, and sadness. It was like nuclear holocaust to the survivors. Can you image that you live in community where 1/2 people died in matter of months? For peoples to see their love ones, family members, their parishioners, their neighbors, and their government officials to die, this was an ultimate shock. People did not know what caused and were looking for an answer. They wanted to know why they survive and other not. They did not understand that regardless of someone spiritual life, good people died while sinner did not. No matter how much they had prayed, there was no God's help. The church did not know the answer and often suffered the highest percentage of casualties. People became extremely fascinated with death and morbid culture had emerged. The symbols of Death and the Reaper became vivid reminder. Churches instead of picture of well fed Cherubs were decorating painting of dancing skeletons. The horrors became embedded into collective memory. Some people did the best to get by. They are well known cases where survivors had engaged in earthy pleasures, drinking, orgies, and forbidden sins, since they believe that they will soon die and no matter what they will do, their souls would not be salved. Other people moved opposite way into spiritual submission and inflicted self torture and abandonment from life, since they believe that the plague was punishment from above. Majority was rational and tried to make the best of the situation. Many of these people became suddenly very rich, since all their immediate family died and they were left with an extensive inheritance. These survivors and their descendants became the grassroots movement of the ideological, political, and cultural reformation that started in 15th century. Church authority became questioned by leading intellectual circles and church was unable to regain former footing.