小匠 asked in 藝術與人文歷史 · 1 decade ago

消失的瑪雅文化 可以中翻英嗎?? 很急

---------------馬雅曆法-----------------

馬雅金字塔是依天文學目的而建,可由下列數字看出:金字塔四面各有五二個四角浮雕,表示馬雅的一世紀五二年(356天的太陽曆和260天的馬雅獨有的卓金曆,再次回到始點的期間)。

十三個角代表一年十三個月(卓金曆20天×13個月=260天),又九十一階佈於四面,91×4=364,加上最上一階共計365天,表示太陽曆的一年。

我們現在所使用的月曆,一年以365.2425日計算,馬雅當時的天文學家則以365.2420日計算,根據日前最先端的天文學家計算,一年應該是365.2422日。

由此看來,古代馬雅人所使用的月曆,比我們現在所使用的月曆更正確,其誤差只不過是0.0002天,換算成秒,一年只差17.28秒。

 著名的金星公式是由馬雅人運算出來的:

(月球)20x13=260x2x73=37,960 (太陽)8x13=104x5x73=37,960

(金星)5x13=65x8x73=37,960

換句話說,每一種周期經過三萬七千九百六十天後,便會相遇在一條直線上,而根據馬雅人的神話傳說,那時「神祇」就會到一處寧靜的休息處所,這是否象徵著馬雅人由那兒來,便回到那兒去?

金星曆年是指金星環繞太陽一周所需要的時間,馬雅人費了三百八十四年的觀察期,算出584天的金星曆年(他們發覺金星在八個地球年中恰恰走了5圈,然後再重複循環,便用5除8個地球年的天數──2920──得出584天),而今日計算則為583.92天,誤差率每天不到12秒,每月只有6分鐘。

當時絕對沒有沙漏等計時儀,也沒有任何天文望遠鏡或光學儀器,竟然能準確無比地計算出金星曆來,實在是件不可思議之事。

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  • 1 decade ago
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    --------------- ----------------- Mayan Calendar

    MayaPyramidIs built according to astronomical purposes, may be seen the following figures: each 52 square pyramid, surrounded by relief that one of the century in 2052 Maya (356-day solar calendar and 260 days of the Mayan calendar's unique Zhuo gold again Back to the start point of the period).

    13 pt on behalf of one year 10 months (Cho Jin calendar 20 days × 13 months = 260 days), and 91 bands distributed in four, 91 × 4 = 364, plus top-order a total of 365 days, indicating solar calendar year.

    2009-11-23 20:05:25 補充:

    We now useCalendar, 365.2425 days a year in terms of Mayan astronomers Zeyi 365.2420 days was calculated, according to the first side of the astronomers calculated should be 365.2422 days a year.

    2009-11-23 20:06:30 補充:

    Judging from the ancient Mayan calendar used by more than the calendar we now use a more accurate, the error is only 0.0002 days, converted into seconds, only a thin year, 17.28 seconds.

    Venus is well-known formula for computing the Mayan people out:

    2009-11-23 20:07:06 補充:

    (Moon) 20x13 = 260x2x73 = 37,960 (Sun) 8x13 = 104x5x73 = 37,960

    (Venus) 5x13 = 65x8x73 = 37,960

    2009-11-23 20:07:17 補充:

    In other words, each cycle, after 37960 days, we will meet in a straight line, and according to Mayan mythology, when the "gods" would be to the premises in a quiet rest whether this is a symbol of the Mayan people from there, it will be back there to go?

    2009-11-23 20:08:02 補充:

    Venus Venus around the Sun over the years is the time required for a week, Maya took 384 years to observation period, calculate the 584 days of Venus over the years (they discover the planet Venus in the

    2009-11-23 20:08:17 補充:

    eight years, just walked 5 laps , and then repeat the cycle, we used 5 In addition to eight Earth years the number of days ─ ─ 2920 ─ ─ obtained 584 days), but today, the calculation was 583.92 days, the

    error rate of less than 12 seconds per day, per month for 6 minutes.

    2009-11-23 20:09:04 補充:

    At that time there is no hourglass so timing device, do not have anyAstronomical TelescopeOr optical devices can be extremely accurate even calculate Venus has always been, is really incredible pieces of matter.

    它不讓我一次打那麼多 拍謝

    2009-11-23 20:10:35 補充:

    補充4 5 6是同一段

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