Silence asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請問以下幾個介係單字有何不同?

1.unless

2.except

3.excluding

4.barring

5.besides

6.save

7.but

當作介係詞都有

除了.......之外

麻煩會的來大概解釋下差別在哪裡就好了!!

但是別太含糊thx!!

Update:

回Lorna 大大

您說的

第六題=第二題

第七題=第二題的意思

是說這三個介係詞都可以互通麼?

SAVE BUT EXCEPT 除...之外

Update 2:

還有回Lorna 大大

您說的 save (介係詞)= except, (連接詞), 這是什麼意思@@?

是說save它的介係詞就是當作except的連接詞在使用麼?

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. unless (連接詞), 如果不; 除非

    Ex. You will be late unless you hurry up. = If you don't hurry up, you will be late.

    如果你不快一點, 你會遲到

    2. except (介係詞), 除了...之外 (不包括)

    Ex. Everyone handed in homework except Tim.

    除了Tim 之外, 大家都交了作業

    3. exclude (動詞), 排除, 不包括

    Ex. The above prices excludes accommodation.

    上列價錢不包括住宿

    Lunch cost NT$150 per person, excluding drinks.(逗號之後用現在分詞構句)

    午餐費每人150元,不包括住宿

    4. barring (介係詞), 如果沒有(某事物)

    Ex. Barring accidents, we should arrive before it gets dark.

    沒有意外的話, 我們應該在天黑之前可以抵達

    5. besides = in addition to (介係詞), 除了...之外 (還有)

    Ex. There are ten students in the classroom, besides the teacher.

    除了老師外, 還有十個學生在教室裡

    besides = in addition ( 副詞), 此外,還有

    Ex. I don't want to go out on rainy days; besides, I feel tired after work.

    我不想在下雨天出門,此外,下班後我覺得好累

    6. save (介係詞)= except, (連接詞), 除了...之外 (不包括)

    Ex. I know nothing about her save her name.

    我除了知道她的名字之外,對她一無所知

    7. but (介係詞)= except, 除了...之外 (不包括)

    Ex. Everyone went to the party but you.

    除了你之外, 大家都去參加那個派對

    以上每一項其實都有多種用法, 針對介係詞部份整理如上,搭配例句解釋希望對你有

    幫助!

    2009-11-24 02:37:37 補充:

    1. 對! 三者可互通 (除...之外)

    but 和except 較常用, save 的這種用法在字典中可查到,但較少用

    2. save可以當介係詞用,其意思等於except

    但在下列的句子中,save 當連接詞來連接另一個子句, 意思仍為: (除...之外)

    Ex. I know nothing about her save that her nickname is Pam.

    我除了知道她的小名是Pam之外, 對她不甚了解

    2009-11-24 15:12:44 補充:

    1. save,but,exept 當介係詞用時, 都是 (除...之外), 意思可互通

    但是 but, except 比較常用, save的用法在字典中可查到,但較不常看到

    2. save 也可以當連接詞連接子句來加強說明, 意思也是 (除...之外),

    Ex. I know nothing about her save that her nickname is Pam.

    我除了知道她的小名是Pam之外, 對她不甚了解

    Source(s): Teacher Lorna, Teacher Lorna, 字典和我
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