how does state population affect electoral votes and popular votes?
- HarlequinLv 51 decade agoFavorite Answer
The number of electoral votes for each state is the sum of the number of Senators and members of the House of Representatives from that state. The number of members of the House of Representatives is determined by the population of that state, adjusted every ten years by the census. Therefore, the number of electoral votes for a state is indirectly determined by its population. Note that the relationship is not exact, since the state's electoral votes also include the number of Senators from that state, and each state has the same number of Senators (2). This gives a slight advantage in the electoral college to less populous states. This was intentional -- it was one of the compromises agreed to in the Constitutional Convention.
- John de WittLv 71 decade ago
You may have noticed the similarity in the words "population" and "popular." Since almost all the adult population are eligible to vote, there's a distinct and more or less direct correlation between the number of people and the number of votes, filtered largely by the proportion of eligible voters who actually exercise their right to vote. And since not voting is, in a way, a vote for "I don't care," it's even more a correlation than it might at first seem.
The number of Congressional seats is also directly proportional to population. The number of electoral votes in a state is the same as its number of members of the House of Representatives, plus two. This slightly balances out the power of the less populous states with the more populous, but the average number of Representatives from each state averages out to more than eight, so it isn't too great a balance.
- 1 decade ago
Article II, Section 1, Clause 2 of the Constitution states:
Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector
- SugarLv 71 decade ago
~~ The more populated a state is the more electoral votes it has.