Sovereign State of Israel?
Explain how and when the sovereign state of Israel evolved; what people were displaced; and explain that which has resulted since Israel's inception.
- fatboysdaddyLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
If you are referring to the present country of Israel then I will help you.
From the time of the Romans, and before, Jewish people have lived in Israel.
They rebelled once too often for the Emperor of Rome and he decided to call the land Palestinia to insult the Jews in this land. Then when the Muslims came into being in 600 a.c.e. they took it over but the Jews still lived there. They taxed them heavily but they stayed. In the 1700s more Jewish people settled here and bought the land from the Ottoman Empire, now Turkey, and made the land fertile.
Then in 1918 when the British took over this land they decided to let the Jews have a nation once again. However the people who are called Palestinians were nomads that none of the Arab countries wanted to settle in there land told them to settle in Israel and when Israel became a nation once again they, the Arab countries, would wipe out all of the Jews in this land and then they, the Palestinians, would have their own land.
When war broke out the Arab countries told the Palestinain people to flee so they would not be killed by them. Several wars later this did not happen and the nomads claim this land as theirs.
No historic evidence but they believe that it belongs to them. Now as to the other fact that in all of recorded history there never was a land called Palestine this coming from Egyptian history circa 2500 b.c.e through present day history.
There is infact the only time that it was declared a country was in 1967 when Yassar Arafat declared there to be at the Khartoum Conference. This is where the leaders of the Arab countries also said" No Recognition, No Negotiations, No Peace."
Sorry but the Palestinain people do have a very good pr when it comes to what they want the world to believe. They have bought into the lies that they have been displaced and are the rightfull owners of this land.
Sorry but facts do not bare this out.
- johninjcLv 61 decade ago
In 1948 on May 14th a UN resolution that gave Britain control over the land that is now Israel ended and Israel became a nation in one day. This displaced the Palestinians who were living on the land at that time. Britain was suppose to negotiate a treaty that allowed the Israelis and the Palestinians to divide the land but they could not come to an agreement that both sides could agree on, so when the UN resolution expired Israel declared independence and became a nation again. The Jewish people has been scattered throughout the world since the Roman empire but for the first time in over 1900 years they took back possession of their homeland after WWII.
This is why there is so much conflict in the area today. The Palestinians still claim the right to the land and have been fighting Israel since they reclaimed the land. Many other arab countries have tried to help the Palestinians regain the land without success. This includes the 6 day war in 1967.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
I believe this brief and factual history of the Palestine-Israel conflict will answer your question:
The seed of this conflict was planted in 1882 when the Zionist movement started with a group of secular (non-religious) European Jews to establish a homeland for the Jews in Palestine. Up to the 1920's, Jews lived in peace with Muslims and Christians in Palestine for about 1300 years (except when the European Crusaders killed all the Jews and Muslims in Jerusalem 900 years ago). Most of the Jews who lived in Palestine till then were Arabs.
When Britain occupied Palestine during World War 1, it gave a declaration (Balfour Declaration 1917) to the Zionist Federation that Britain will facilitate establishing a national home for the Jews in Palestine. There was one big problem however: the land already was populated by native Arabs (Mostly Muslim, but with significant Christian 7% and Jewish minorities 9%).
Britain opened the door to Jewish immigration from Europe, which increased in the 1930's and 1940's because of Nazism and the Holocaust. In 1948 the Jews made up 33% of the population of Palestine, but owned only 7% of the land. The UN voted to split Palestine 55% for the Jews and 45% for the Palestinians to establish a Jewish and Arab States in Palestine, and to make Jerusalem an international area. War broke out between the Arabs and Jews in 1948 and the Jews occupied 80% of Palestine and established Israel on it. In the process Israel ethnically cleansed (forcibly removed) 80% of the Palestinians from the land they occupied and destroyed and depopulated more than 400 Palestinian villages, massacred thousands of Palestinians and made 0.75 million Palestinians refugees.
The UN voted in 1948 (Security Council Resolutions 93 and General Assembly Res. 194) to tell Israel to allow the Palestinian refugees to return to their homes, but until today Israel never complied. In 1967 Israel militarily occupied the remainder of Palestine (The West Bank and the Gaza Strip). The Security Council again voted in 1967 and 1973 that Israel return to the 1967 borders and allow the refugees to return, but Israel never complied (Security Council Res. 237, 242, 338).
This gives you a brief history of the roots of the problem. The Palestinians now negotiate to get only the lands occupied in 1967 back to establish their own state on it, and for Israel to allow the deposed people in 1948 and 1967 to return to their original homes.
Israel is only accepting to return only parts of the lands occupied in 1967. The land they accept to return has no borders with the outside world (making it an effective jail guarded by the Israelis). They also refuse to allow the refugees to return. They also have built many illegal settlements in the West Bank and planted nearly 500,000 Israeli extremists in them. Israel has taken control of nearly 5/6 of the water resources in the West Bank, and has built an apartheid wall that dwarfs the Berlin wall around and through Palestinian cities and villages in the West Bank ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vyO2F3HD47A
). They also refuse to return East Jerusalem, which is part of the West Bank, to the Palestinians.
Again this is a very brief background. It in no way describes the daily suffering, abuse, humiliation, terror and deprivation of basic human rights the Israelis inflict on the Palestinians.
You can get more information from Wikipedia in the link below:
If you prefer documentaries, the following two documentaries are the best you can find on the subject:
1) Peace, Propaganda and the Promised Land (79 minutes)
2) Occupation 101 (88 minutes)
This recent one from CBS 60 Minutes program (Jan 2009) is also a good one (13 minutes)
- Anonymous1 decade ago