Philosophy Homework Help!?
Question: Explain why virtue is considered as knowledge for Plato whereas it (virtue) is considered habit by Aristotle.
I have to write a summary on this, so anything you have would be great. Thanks!
- 1 decade ago
Well, I don't know much about philosophy, but I'll try my best to answer this.
I think that Plato is trying to say that by being virtue, your kind of making a smart choice. And really, you can't be virtue if you're not smart enough to know your morals.
But by Aristotle's point of view, virtue is supposed to be a habit that all people should have because one of the most important morals is being, well, I guess you can say, virtue.
I really don't know the answer to your question but I hope this helps!! And can you answer mine?? Mine are kinda retarded but still :)
Bye! Hope you get a good grade on this assignment! :DDSource(s): Uhh, my brain??
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Virtue ethics' founding fathers are Plato and, more particularly Aristotle (its roots in Chinese philosophy are even more ancient) and it persisted as the dominant approach in Western moral philosophy until at least the Enlightenment. It suffered a momentary eclipse during the nineteenth century but re-emerged in the late 1950's in Anglo-American philosophy. It was heralded by Anscombe's famous article "Modern Moral Philosophy" (Anscombe 1958) which crystallised an increasing dissatisfaction with the forms of deontology and utilitarianism then prevailing. Neither of them, at that time, paid attention to a number of topics that had always figured in the virtue ethics' tradition — the virtues themselves, motives and moral character, moral education, moral wisdom or discernment, friendship and family relationships, a deep concept of happiness, the role of the emotions in our moral life and the fundamentally important questions of what sort of person I should be and how we should live.
A standard philosophical definition says that wisdom consists of making the best use of available knowledge. As with any decision, a wise decision may be made with incomplete information. The technical philosophical term for the opposite of wisdom is folly.
In his Metaphysics, Aristotle defines wisdom as knowledge of causes: why things exist in a particular fashion.
In addition to experience there are a variety of other avenues to gaining wisdom. For example, Freethinkers and others believe that wisdom may come from pure reason and perhaps experience, while others believe that it comes from intuition or spirituality.
Beginning with the ancient Greeks, European culture associates wisdom with virtue. Metis and Athene are associated with wisdom from earliest times. For example, many philosophers talk about the virtue of wisdom in relation to courage and moderation, and in the Roman Catholic church, wisdom (Prudence) stands with justice, fortitude and moderation as one of the four cardinal virtues. Plato's dialogues mention the virtue of wisdom, as knowledge about the Good and the courage to act accordingly. The Good would be about the right relations between all that exists. The Good, as a Platonic Form, would involve the perfect ideas of good government, love, friendship, community, and a right relation to the Divine. Perhaps the search or love of wisdom is more important than any proven claim. Socrates only claimed to know that he did not know, but this he was very certain of, and he showed the many contradictions in the claims of his fellow citizens.Source(s): http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-virtue/ wikipedia.org
- 4 years ago
Virtue is any Social behavior that conveys a survival advantage on the Group. Like Loyalty. The advantage is that Loyal people make better more effective soldiers. Your chance of winning is better if someone has your back. The disadvantage is virtuous behavior towards the non virtuous. If you give your time, energy & personal risk to protect your countryman & they do not return the favor. Then you are 'paying' for a Social benefit you do not receive. The un-virtuous receive a benefit they do not pay for.