Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

Past perfect

點用Past perfect??

如果用PAST TENSE 做對比

點對比好

舉舉例子

Update:

Past Perfect Tense可表示持續到現在的動作或狀態是指什麼意思

有沒有什麼例子

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Simple Past

    簡易記法:過去 / 那次 / 時間。

    說的是過去那次所發生的某件事;通常會提及時間。

    He visited Hong Kong last December.

    Past Perfect

    簡易記法:比過去更過去

    說的是發生於一件往事之前的另一件往事。

    I had left for New York before he arrived at Hong Kong.

    Past Perfect Continuous

    簡易記法:由過去到過去一直進行

    說的是由較早的過去一直進行較後的過去的一件事情。

    I had been sleeping from 12am to 8am.

    I had been sleeping before you called me.

    I had been sleeping all day yesterday.

    Cheers!

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

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  • 1 decade ago

    動詞的過去完成時態的形態是:had + 動詞的過去分詞

    動詞的過去完成時態表示:

    過去某一時間之前已經完成的動作或狀態

    使用這種時態,多會涉及兩個動作或狀態。一個在前,一個在後。

    敘述前面的動作或狀態,動詞要用過去完成時態;敘述後面的動作

    或狀態,動詞要用一般過去時態。

    例如:

    I had taken my supper when he arrived.

    ﹝當他到達時,我已吃完我的晚餐。﹞

    ※ 上述句子涉及兩個動作,一是「他到達」,二是「我吃晚餐」。

    「我吃晚餐」在前,要用過去完成時態;「他到達」在後,要用

    一般過去時態。

    ※ "I had taken my supper" 是主句, "when he arrived" 是從句

    ﹝副詞從句﹞。

    ※ 圖示:

    過去 現在 將來

    _________________________│__________________________

    │ │

    past perfect simple past

    Had you finished your work when I visited you yesterday?

    When I reached the station, the train had already started.

    He said that his father had returned to America.

    After I had done my work, I played tennis.

    ※ 若用了 "After" 這個詞,可不用過去完成時態,因已有「之後」

    的含意。即:

    After I did my work, I played tennis.

    在這種情況下,"After I did my work"是:

    " Simple past Tense in form, but past perfect Tense in meaning."

    ﹝形式上是一般過去時態,但意義上是過去完成時態﹞

    同樣,I had seen your father before I went.亦可寫成:

    I saw your father before I went.

    用英文表示「我看電視之前已完成功課」,可以有多種方式:

    1. When I had finished my homework, I watched television.

    2. I had finished my homework when I watched television.

    3. I had finished my homework before I watched television.

    4. I finished my homework before I watched television.

    5. After I had finished my homework, I watched television.

    6. After I finished my homework, I watched television.

    7. I finished my homework and I watched television.

    ﹝時間順序法﹞

    ※ 「時間順序法」:按事件的先後次序連接起來。

    如果涉及三件或以上的事件,就更需要用這種方法了。例如:

    I reached the station, the bell rang and the train started.

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