阿孔 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文文法問題!!!!超超超重要的!!!!

像一個句子a commotion involving three hens and a rooster woke the twins, who were sleeping deeply 這句子關於involving這部分,為什麼要用ing 味什麼句子不行用 a commotion involved three hens and a rooster waking the twins,who were sleeping deeply 這困惑我很久了 這involving 是形容詞片語嗎?來修是commotion嗎? 還有一句i found his purse stolen 為什麼是stolen而不是was stolen 應該是被動式丫!!

Update:

恩 謝謝 那還有一句 it was the subsequent series of fires that destroyed most of the city 這句的destroy是修飾什麼 這句子有兩個動詞了耶?!

Update 2:

那that destroyed most of the city 為什麼是過去分詞destroyed 而不用destroying 像a commotion involving three hens and a rooster woke the twins, who were sleeping deeply

這句是用involving 那為什麼that destroyed most of the city 不用destroying

Update 3:

那為什麼不能說it was the subsequent series of fires that destroying most of the city ?

2 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. 像一個句子a commotion involving three hens and a rooster woke the twins, who were sleeping deeply 這句子關於involving這部分,為什麼要用ing 味什麼句子不行用 a commotion involved three hens and a rooster waking the twins,who were sleeping deeply 這困惑我很久了 這involving 是形容詞片語嗎?來修是commotion嗎?

    [說明]involing three hens and a rooster是分詞片語,修飾主詞commotion。woke是主要動詞。不能改成分詞waking。否則全句就沒有主要動詞了。

    主要子句是A commotion woke the twins.因為已有了一個形容詞子句who were sleeping deeply在修飾受詞the twins,所以改用一個分詞片語來修飾主詞commotion,而沒有再用形容詞子句。

    2.還有一句I found his purse stolen 為什麼是stolen而不是was stolen 應該是被動式丫!!

    [說明]stolen在本句是受詞補語,意思是His purse was stolen. I found that.動詞的意思是[發現]。如果寫成:I found his stolen purse.意思是His purse was stolen. I found the purse.動詞的意思是[找到]。在本句的stolen是修飾語。

    3. It was the subsequent series of fires that destroyed most of the city 這句的destroy是修飾什麼 這句子有兩個動詞了耶?!

    [說明]destroyed是形容詞子句的動詞,形容詞子句是that destroyed most of the city.,修飾名詞fires。另一個動詞was是主要子句的動詞。

    2009-11-06 14:15:04 補充:

    A commotion involved three hens and a rooster waking the twins,who were sleeping deeply.應寫成:The commotion waking the twins, who were sleeping deeply, involved three hens and a rooster.修飾主詞的片語,要接在主詞之正後方。讓the twins醒來的是commotion.

    2009-11-06 14:20:25 補充:

    It was the subsequent series of fires that destroyed most of the city.

    = The subsequent series of fires destroyed most of the city.

    It was ... that destroyed most of the city.是一種強調原主詞的寫法。

    It is I who help you solve the problem.

    2009-11-06 14:21:37 補充:

    destroyed在上一句是附屬子句的動詞。不是過去分詞。

    2009-11-06 14:22:23 補充:

    It is I who answered the question.

    = I answered the question.

    2009-11-07 09:41:29 補充:

    That destroying most of the city是名詞子句當delayed subject,前面的it是虛的主詞.

    名詞子句需要動詞,所以過去式的動詞destroyed不能寫成分詞desteroying,會讓子句變成片語

    這句還可以寫成:What destroyed most of the city was the subsequent seeries of fires.或The subsequent series of fires destroyed most of the city.

  • p
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    一、a commotion involving three hens and a rooster woke the twins, who were sleeping deeply

    這句話的主詞是commotion 動詞是woke

    involving three hens and a rooster是形容詞片與在形容主詞commotion

    你如果改成 a commotion involved three hens and a rooster waking the twins,who were sleeping deeply

    變成動詞是involved

    waking the twins變成形容詞片語

    兩句的意思就不一樣了

    原句強調的是woke the twins -->吵醒這雙胞胎

    中文-->一個因為3隻母雞與1隻公雞所引起的騷動 吵醒了一對睡的很沉的雙胞胎

    改變後的句子-->吵醒一對睡的很沉的雙胞胎的騷動連累了3隻母雞與1隻公雞(中文好像不太通)

    二、I found his purse stolen .

    主詞是I 動詞是found

    stoen是過去分詞當形容詞用

    形容purse

    全句是I found his purse which was stolen.

    which was stolen是形容詞子句

    用來形容purse

    原句被縮寫了

    你如果只縮一個字which

    變成I found his purse was stolen.

    變成2個動詞--found與was

    所以要連was都省掉

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