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栗子
Lv 5
栗子 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文 not do not

他告訴他的部屬不要殆乎職責.

He told his men not to neglect their duties.

為什麼不是

He told his men does not...

是省略does嘛? 如果是什麼情況下能省略do does

我們會說 I do not like apple.

但就不會說 I not like apple.

不太懂有時候看到某些句子指用not 表"不" 就可以

有時候要加上個do does

4 Answers

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  • rhody
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    他告訴他的部屬不要殆乎職責.

    He told his men not to neglect their duties.

    為什麼不是

    He told his men does not...

    是省略does嘛? 如果是什麼情況下能省略do does

    不是,does是助動詞,意味著前面his men 是主詞,後面有原形動詞。

    ex.He told (that)his men does not neglect their duties (to the reporters)

    = He told the reporters (that)his men does not neglect their duties.

    他告訴記者(那件事)他的部屬沒有殆乎職責.

    (that)his men does not neglect their duties.是從屬子句作名詞用,整句做為直接受詞,that可省略。

    tell是受與動詞,後面會有兩個受詞,直接受詞(事物)和間接受詞(人)。

    句型:S+V+Oi+Od

    ex. He told me a story

    若直接受詞(事物)為動作時,只可用不定詞(to+V),不可用動名詞(V-ing)

    ex. He told me to do that.(他告訴我去.......)

    不定詞(to+V)的否定為not to +V

    ex. He told me not to do that.(他告訴我不要去.......)

    ps. 不定詞(to+V)可做為名詞,形容詞或副詞使用。

    do, does是一般動詞的現在式助動詞,肯定句中通常隱藏,用來幫動詞變成問句或否定句。do, does之後必接原形動詞

    ex. He studies English every day (肯定句)

    He doesn't study English every day (否定句)

    Does he study English every day? (問句)

    What does he study every day? (問句)

    2009-11-06 00:08:42 補充:

    去跟發問者講吧,你的原文在上面,你的錯就是錯別柪了,在網上人人可各持己見,你批我在先,我評論你在後,就你的錯論你的錯‧我可沒加油添醋。你的錯何只一點,我老人家中文打得慢,懶得寫太多。

    2009-11-06 02:20:24 補充:

    弄了個半天chichi小姐妳好像找錯對象,我的評論是針對批評我的「最佳答案先生」,怎麼跟妳扯上關係的?

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  • 栗子
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    謝謝chichi的補充 (筆記中 感恩︿︿

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  • 1 decade ago

    rhody :

    help (v) 幫助; 幫忙; 援助…

    ex: help me (him, us, etc.) 請幫助我(他,我們等)。

    help hm (to) find his things. 我們幫助他找到他的東西。

    This clue helped me to a solution. 這個線索幫我解決了問題。

    以上是我由英漢辭典找到的例句。

    2009-11-05 10:33:53 補充:

    您也以參閱:

    http://zh-tw.w3dictionary.org/index.php?q=help

    再不然英英字典:

    http://www.1390.com.tw/free/dic_ee.htm

    不然你也可以在 Yahoo 搜尋 " help me to" 就會有一堆資訊出來。

    我不想針對人,但是希望你在" 這麼嚴厲的" 推翻別人,

    且用了" 我用25年的補習班教學經驗保證"這種字眼來為你的說法

    加持時,是否該先做一下功課?

    2009-11-05 10:34:04 補充:

    help 後面如果加 to , 是可以省略的;

    我上次在那個問題頁指的是 help 可有的用法,不知你有沒有看清楚?!

    有" 25 年補習班教學經驗的" 人?

    如果你只告訴你的學生一它的一種形式與寫法,

    那麼當他們看見其它的用法時,不就一頭霧水????!!!

    2009-11-05 10:34:14 補充:

    make 是使役動詞沒錯,難不成它也只有一種用法?

    * make 後面跟受詞和動詞時,要用不帶 to 的不定詞,

    作" 使…做…" 解,但在被動語態中,要用帶 to 的不定詞,

    例: His father's death made hime leave school.

    He was made to leave school by his father's death.

    出處: 我電子辭典的文法。

    2009-11-05 10:37:19 補充:

    這些問題的出處見:

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    2009-11-06 07:25:40 補充:

    搞半天…原來是這樣…(我不是那個頁的最佳解答先生)

    我以為你是說我提供的意見" 大錯特錯"…

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  • ㄚ寶
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    因為後半段是分詞構句,描述主詞he說的話。

    此時的*to V為不定詞, not to V是 to V的否定

    不定詞是為了連接二個動詞而使用 v to v

    例: He wants me to do my homework.

    --->He wants me not to do my homework.

    句中前有want 後有do

    例: My mother told me not to play with bad boys.

    句中前有told 後有play

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