Free asked in 文學及人文學歷史 · 1 decade ago




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  • 1 decade ago
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    Asteroid 3763 Qianxuesen was named after him.

    Early life and education

    Qian Xuesen (Wade–Giles: Tsien Hsue-shen) was born in Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang province, 180 km southwest of Shanghai. He left Hangzhou at the age of three when his father obtained a post in the Ministry of Education in Beijing. He graduated from the Jiao Tong University(The predecessor of Xi'an Jiaotong University and Shanghai Jiaotong University) in 1934 and in August 1935 Qian Xuesen left China on a Boxer Rebellion Indemnity Scholarship to study at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

    Return to China

    In 1955 Qian was released and deported from the United States together with his wife and their two American-born children as a part of post-Korean war negotiations to free American prisoners of war held by China. He went to work as head of the Chinese missile program immediately upon his arrival in China. Qian deliberately left his research papers behind when he left the United States. Qian joined the Communist Party of China in 1958.

    Qian retired in 1991 .The PRC government launched its manned space program in 1992 and used Qian's research as the basis for the Long March rocket which successfully launched the Shenzhou V mission in October 2003. Science fiction author Arthur C. Clarke, in his novel 2010: Odyssey Two, named a Chinese spaceship after him.

    Late life

    In his later years, since the 1980s, Qian advocated scientific investigation of traditional Chinese medicine, Qigong and "special human body functions". Some people claim that Qian actually did not spend his effort on Qigong, but that he just expressed that people should consider the widely spread and practiced Qigong in a scientific manner.

    In 2008, China Central Television named Qian as one of the eleven most inspiring people in China. He died at the age of 97 on October 31, 2009 in Beijing.

    Qian Xuesen



    December 11, 1911(1911-12-11)

    Hangzhou, China


    October 31, 2009 (aged 97)

    Beijing, China

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