? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文文法 被動態

Albert Einstein, (who is) recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all time, is my favorite scientist.

被視為最偉大的科學家之一的愛因斯坦是我最喜愛的科學家。

這句裡 為什麼 who is 可以去掉呢? 這樣recognized 不就沒有 被認為 的這個意思了嘛? 請告訴我詳細一點 有關于 who is 可是去掉的這種類似句型 !! 3Q

Update:

Albert Einstein, (who is) recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all timesAlbert Einstein is recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all time

這裡為什麼不能去掉is呢?

Update 2:

抱歉Albert Einstein, is recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all times

這句才對 這句裡面的 is 能不能去掉呢? 這是我在網路上別的發問看到的題目

她說這裡的is不能去

Albert Einstein, (who is) recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all time, is my favorite scientist 但是這裡有 who is 卻可以去掉 為什麼呀 謝謝幫忙XD

3 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Hi,

    關於您所提供的句子"Albert Einstein, (who is) recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all time, is my favorite scientist."當中的who is省略掉是絕對正確,也絕不會影響句子文法的作法,並有讓句子看來更簡潔的功能。省略關係代名詞(who, that, which...)需要幾個以下必要步驟:

    省略受詞的關係代名詞(who, that, which...)的步驟:

    1省略受詞關代.

    2.將關代後的動詞(無論任何時態)改為動名詞(Ving)

    3.若關代後動詞為Be動詞(is, am, are, was, were...)改成"being"後可省略不看

    The girl who is sitting next to Peter is the cutest girl in our neighborhood.(省略關代)1

    The girl being sitting next to Peter is the cutest girl in our neighborhood.(關代後動詞改動名詞(+Ving)) 2 (being省略)3

    所以:The girl sitting next to Peter is the cutest girl in our neighborhood.便省略了who is,但仍保有原意。

    另一例子:

    The girl who is in the pink shirt is the cutest girl in our neighborhood.與A選項同,若要省略關代須照步驟來:

    The girl who is in the pink shirt is the cutest girl in our neighborhood.(省略關代)1

    The girl being in the pink shirt is the cutest girl in our neighborhood.(動詞→動名詞,being省略)

    所以:The girl in the pink shirt is the cutest girl in our neighborhood.

    被動態也是一樣的:

    Albert Einstein, (who is) recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all time, is my favorite scientist.

    按照以下步驟:

    Albert Einstein who is recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all time, is my favorite scientist.(省略關代)1

    Albert Einstein being recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all time, is my favorite scientist.(動詞→動名詞,being省略)

    所以:Albert Einstein, recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all time, is my favorite scientist.

    原意不受影響

    2009-10-31 17:12:32 補充:

    不好意思,關於補充的部份我不太明白發問者的問題何在。

    能請發問者將您的疑問陳述得更詳細否?

    Albert Einstein, (who is) recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all timesAlbert Einstein is recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all time

    "這裡"為什麼不能去掉is呢?

    請問"這裡"指的是...

    Source(s): ., .
  • 1 decade ago

    「(who is) recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all time」是個(形容詞子句型)的從屬子句,作用是來形容「Albert Einstein」這個人。

    建議您先看一下【旋元佑的部落格】http://blog.sina.com.tw/mok_mba/article.php?pbgid=... ,會更了解在何種情況下可以如何簡化子句為 V+ing 或 V+ed 的句子。

  • 1 decade ago

    recognized as one of the greatest scientists of all time

    這句是在說明Albert Einstein

    而 Albert Einstein 只有一位,大家不會不知道他是誰,所以不用特別加 who is

    當用到 who is 的時候是因 為你說的那個人不被大家所知道

    例如:

    My brother, who is older than me, is study in UF

    當他說 my brother 時,以中文來看,我們不知道是在指哥哥還是弟弟

    但是,他後來補了一句 who is older than me,就可以明顯知道那是在指哥哥.

    通常,沒有專有名詞的狀態下就得用 who is

    所謂得專有名詞就像是地名,國家,人名等等.

    Source(s): 自己
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