- 紀曉嵐Lv 41 decade agoFavorite Answer
Taiwan was ceded to Japan in 1895, under the terms of the Treaty of Shimonoseki. When Japanese troops formally entered Taipei on June 6 of that year, armed resistance broke out. By the time resistance was broken in October, over 7,000 Chinese soldiers had been killed and civilian casualties numbered in the thousands.
During its 50-year rule of Taiwan, Japan developed programs designed to supply the Japanese empire with agricultural products, create demand for Japanese industrial products, and provide living space for emigrants from an increasingly overpopulated home country. The colonial government eventually introduced an industrialization program aimed at building Taiwan as a base for executing a "South Forward Policy" of colonial expansion into Southeast Asia.
The period of Japanese colonization can be roughly divided into three periods. The first, from 1895 to 1918 , involved establishing administrative mechanisms and militarily suppressing armed resistance by local Chinese and indigenous peoples. One of the largest revolts, the Tapani Incident 礁吧哖事件 of 1915, resulted in the deaths of several thousand Taiwanese. During this period, the Japanese introduced strict police controls, carried out a thorough land survey, standardized measurements and currencies, monopolized the manufacture and sale of important products (such as salt, sugar, and pineapple), began collecting census data, and made an ethnological study of the island's indigenous peoples.
During the second period from 1918 to 1937, Japan consolidated its hold over Taiwan. Compulsory Japanese education and cultural assimilation were emphasized, while economic development was promoted to transform the island into a secure stepping stone from which Japan could launch its southward aggression.
The third period, which started in 1937 and lasted until 1945 , entailed the naturalization of Taiwan residents as Japanese.
2009-11-02 09:08:15 補充：
The Chinese on Taiwan were forced to deny their heritage by adopting Japanese names, wearing Japanese-style clothing, eating Japanese food, and observing Japanese religious rites.Japanese development of its Taiwan colony was extensive in areas.
2009-11-02 09:08:22 補充：
such as railroads, agricultural research and development, public health, banking, education and literacy, cooperatives, and business.