In french, when do i use est instead of es?

For example

ill est sympa?


ill es sympa?

Mike est sympa?


mike es sympa?

if both are est,

then when do i use es?


thanks. am just learning french. Its complicated as hell.

Update 2:

i liked everyone answers D: i wanna choose all for best answer. but im too tired to think so ama chose the simple one [: sorry other people D: thanks tho <3

8 Answers

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    the pronunciation may be the same but est refers to he/she/it and es refers to you (single person) or the old Thou

    one tip : with the pronoun TU there is always, always, always an S at the end of the verb : tu marcheS, tu vendS, tu chanteS, tu vaS.

    with the pronoun il/elle/on there is never, never, never an S at the end of the verb : it can be E, T, A : like il chantE, il A, il esT

    the verb être (to be)

    Présent de l'indicatif (present simple)

    je suis

    tu ES

    il/elle/on esT

    nous sommes

    vous êtes

    ils/elles sont

    Source(s): French Native
  • 1 decade ago

    The present tense of être is

    je suis

    tu es

    il/elle est

    nous sommes

    vous êtes

    ils/elles sont

    So es goes with tu, and est goes with il or elle. In the second example, Mike is a third person (you are the first person, the person you are talking to is the second person, and anyone else you're talking about is a third person) and so it's the same as with il - Mike est sympa. If you and who you're talking to already know you're talking about Mike, you'd say "il est sympa", wouldn't you?

    Think about how it works in English - you'd say "Mike is cool", not "Mike are cool" ("are" being the form of the verb that goes with "you" - "you are cool", which in French if you're talking to a friend would be "tu es sympa"). French is exactly the same.

  • 1 decade ago

    Here is the full conjugation of the verb ETRE...


    TU ES

    IL EST




    I hope that answers your question

    Source(s): I am a native French speaker from Paris.
  • John
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    Il est = he is

    tu es = you are.

    Not interchangeable.

    So in this case, both are "est", because both are 3rd person singular.

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  • 4 years ago

    French When

  • 1 decade ago

    il/elle for etre is est

    tu is es

    and je is suis

    Mike est sympa

    il est sympa

    es is only for tu (you)

    and est is only for he/she/one/name singular

  • 1 decade ago

    in third person, its alwyas est.

    es is for the second person, tu form,

    tu es sympa, mike est sympa, il est sympa, louise est sympa, elle est sympa.

  • jeanne
    Lv 4
    5 years ago

    It depends

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