In french, when do i use est instead of es?
ill est sympa?
ill es sympa?
Mike est sympa?
mike es sympa?
if both are est,
then when do i use es?
thanks. am just learning french. Its complicated as hell.
i liked everyone answers D: i wanna choose all for best answer. but im too tired to think so ama chose the simple one [: sorry other people D: thanks tho <3
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
the pronunciation may be the same but est refers to he/she/it and es refers to you (single person) or the old Thou
one tip : with the pronoun TU there is always, always, always an S at the end of the verb : tu marcheS, tu vendS, tu chanteS, tu vaS.
with the pronoun il/elle/on there is never, never, never an S at the end of the verb : it can be E, T, A : like il chantE, il A, il esT
the verb être (to be)
Présent de l'indicatif (present simple)
ils/elles sontSource(s): French Native
- The Dark SideLv 71 decade ago
The present tense of être is
So es goes with tu, and est goes with il or elle. In the second example, Mike is a third person (you are the first person, the person you are talking to is the second person, and anyone else you're talking about is a third person) and so it's the same as with il - Mike est sympa. If you and who you're talking to already know you're talking about Mike, you'd say "il est sympa", wouldn't you?
Think about how it works in English - you'd say "Mike is cool", not "Mike are cool" ("are" being the form of the verb that goes with "you" - "you are cool", which in French if you're talking to a friend would be "tu es sympa"). French is exactly the same.
- 1 decade ago
Here is the full conjugation of the verb ETRE...
I hope that answers your questionSource(s): I am a native French speaker from Paris.
- JohnLv 61 decade ago
Il est = he is
tu es = you are.
So in this case, both are "est", because both are 3rd person singular.
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- 1 decade ago
il/elle for etre is est
tu is es
and je is suis
Mike est sympa
il est sympa
es is only for tu (you)
and est is only for he/she/one/name singular
- Witch, please!Lv 71 decade ago
in third person, its alwyas est.
es is for the second person, tu form,
tu es sympa, mike est sympa, il est sympa, louise est sympa, elle est sympa.
- jeanneLv 45 years ago