打工仔 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請問一些動名詞與that和either or用法

請問

1. I am not sure Max ate either bananas or apples.

此句是否本來是I am not sure that Max ate either bananas or apples.

請問that何時可以省略,如何判斷?

2.Since most people grew up either hating math or having a strong dislike for equation.

請問句中hating 和having等動名詞是從哪裡變過來的,是分詞構句得用法嗎?

3. I find that calming 和 I find calming

意思有不同嗎?因為原句寫 I find that calming 不懂為何多加that

4. Lumberjacks have the worst occupation because it is low paying and very dangerous with a high risk of getting injured.

小弟不懂of getting injured 是屬於哪種用法?

5.Her reign as Miss America has come to an end.

為何不用has came to an end 文法通嗎?語意是否相同?

謝謝各位

2 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. I am not sure Max ate either bananas or apples.

    賓語從句中的that在 子句部份 作 賓語位子時 通常都可以略掉不提

    2.Since most people grew up either hating math or having a strong dislike for equation.

    從哪裡變來的意思是說動詞原形嗎

    hate & have

    3. I find that calming 和 I find calming

    在不明上下句的情況下

    I find that calming 和 I find calming的差別在於

    我感覺 她 很沉靜

    4. Lumberjacks have the worst occupation because it is low paying and very dangerous with a high risk of getting injured.

    簡單講

    劃分所有成分來看

    Lumberjacks have the worst occupation

    做工人很爛

    because it is low paying and very dangerous

    因為低薪又危險

    with a high risk of getting injured

    有很高機率會受傷害

    a high risk of - 高風險ㄉ

    getting injured - 受 傷害

    必要的介詞後Ving

    5.Her reign as Miss America has come to an end.

    眾所週知地

    have/has + Vpp(所謂ㄉ分詞)

    由於

    come的過去式是came

    come的分詞式是come

    所以

    不行用

    雖然語意相同

    五題

  • 1 decade ago

    可省略句型:

    1) 先行詞 + (that/ which / whom) + 形容詞子句

    形容詞子句中的關係代名詞that, which 和 whom

    如在子句中中做受詞,則可以省略; 如在句中做主詞,

    則不可省略。

    ex: Here is the file (which) you need. (這是你需要的文件)

    The girl (whom) you saw was Tom's sister.

    (你見到的女孩是湯姆的妹妹)

    *( )就表示可省略

    2) There / It + be + 名詞 + (that / who)+ 子句

    本句型中的 that 和 who(一般不用which) 即使做子句的

    主詞,也可略而不用。

    ex: There's something (that) makes him very angry.

    (有什麼使他非常生氣)

    There's a lasy (who) wants to see you.

    (有位女土想見您)

    It is a pity (that) she won't go there with us tomorrow.

    (她明天不能和我們一起去,真是遺憾)

    3) S + V +(that) + 名詞子句

    that 引導的名詞子句做受詞時,that 往往可以省略,

    尤其在 know, say, think , hope, suppose, hear, believe 等

    動詞後面時。

    ex: I know (that) he will come to attend the meeting.

    (我知道他要來參加會議)

    I hope (that) you will like it. (我希望你會喜歡它)

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2.

    hating 為 hate 的現在分詞(動名詞)

    having 為 have 的現在分詞(動名詞)

    Since most people grew up either hating math or having a strong dislike for equation.

    前面已有個動詞詞組 grew up 所以後面如果要用到動詞,則要改成動名詞,

    所以才會變成 hating, having。這句不是分詞構句。

    3. I find that calming 和 I find calming

    意思有不同嗎?因為原句寫 I find that calming 不懂為何多加that

    find 後接 that 子句,可以用 that 也可以省略 ,例:

    I've found (that) the book I was hunting for.

    (我已找到了我當時在搜尋的那本書)

    4. Lumberjacks have the worst occupation because it is low

    paying and very dangerous with a high risk of getting injured.

    譯: 伐木工人的工作是低報酬且有受傷高危險性。

    of getting injured ---of 是介係詞,介係詞後要接動名詞或名詞,ex: the issue of housing (住房的問題);

    而of getting injured 表是會受傷的。受傷 原形為" get hurt" 或

    get injured.

    5. come to an end 結束

    come ---> came ---> come---> coming

    原形 過去式 過去分詞 現在分詞

    has come to an end 是現在完成式

    現在完成式= have/ has + p.p(過去分詞)

    Source(s): myself+ grammar book
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