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求英文高手(急)

可以幫我解釋一下 為什麼下面選擇題 要選擇那個答案嗎?

謝謝各位

1. My mom makes me [ B ] my bedroom every weekend .

(A) to clean (B) clean (C) cleaned (D) cleaning

2. I don't like Brad. He always talks as if he [D]everything.

(A) knowing (B) known (C) had known (D) knew

3. A study showed [A]people in France tend to be slim

because they are very active and like to exerise.

(A) that (B) who (C) what (D) which

4. In my [D], I forgot my keys.

(A) hasty (B) hastily (C) hasten (D) haste

5. At the age of 24 , he traveled to [C], where he got a master's

degree of art.

(A) Japanese (B) Vietnamese (C) Germany (D) American

6. The customer walked out of the restaurat [C]with satifaction.

(A) to smiling (B) smile (C) smiling (D) to smile

謝謝:)

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.

    (A) to clean (B) clean (C) cleaned (D) cleaning

    Ans: make 後面跟受詞和動詞時,要用不帶 to 的不定詞(也就是

    動詞原形),作" 使…做…" 解,含有強制的意思;

    但在被動語態中,要用帶 to 的不定詞,例:

    His father's death made him leave school.

    He was made to leave school by his father's death. 被動語態

    (他父親的去世使他只好輟學)

    所以這題答案為" B"

    2.

    (A) knowing (B) known (C) had known (D) knew

    Ans: as if , as though 是副詞連接詞,引導副詞子句,

    表示" 彷彿…; 好像…一樣"。子句中,可用現在式或未來式,

    以表示事實,常見的有 It seems as if, It looks as if 等;

    也可用過去式或過去完成式,分別表示與現在或過去事實

    相反的假設語氣。

    ex: He walks as if he is drunk. (他走起路來好像他真的醉了)

    It looks as if it is going to rain. (好像要下雨了)

    The baby opened the book as if he were able to read.

    (這個賏兒打開書本彷彿他會念書)

    * 在if子句中,表示想像而非真實情況時,用 if + 過去式(例如: if I found /

    if you were / if you didn't 等),但意思並非指過去式。

    ex: What would you do if you won a million dollars?

    *我們並不認為你真的會贏得一百萬,只是個假設性的問法

    所以這題答案為" D"

    3.

    (A) that (B) who (C) what (D) which

    Ans: 這句是名詞子句當作a study 的「補語」; 視動詞的性質差異,

    名詞子句可做為主詞補語 或 受詞補語,例:

    1) 主要子句動詞為不及物動詞,則名詞子句可以是主詞的補語。

    My answer is that she is not able to come.

    ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

    * ^^^^子句部分作為主詞 my answer 的補語

    2) 主要子句動詞為及物動詞,則名詞子句可以是受詞的補語。

    We all know the fact that she is honest.

    ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

    * ^^^部分作為受詞 fact 的補語

    何謂名詞子句參閱:

    http://www.ling.fju.edu.tw/emmie/teachingfile/gram...

    http://blog.sina.com.tw/mok_mba/article.php?pbgid=...

    若不懂,看完上兩個網頁一定懂。

    4. In my [D], I forgot my keys.

    (A) hasty (B) hastily (C) hasten (D) haste

    Ans: In one's haste 某人在匆忙中 之意,

    ex: In my haste I forgot to lock the door.

    (匆忙中我忘了鎖門)

    * my 為代名詞( I ) 的所有格,必須放在名詞之前。

    答案中 hasty(adj), hastily(adv), hasten (v),haste (n)(v)

    而 haste 在此句中的答案詞性為名詞,所以為正確答案。

    5.

    (A) Japanese (B) Vietnamese (C) Germany (D) American

    Ans: 在他 24歲時他到 旅行,他在那個地方獲得了藝術碩土學位。

    Japanese(n) 日本人,日語; Vietnamese (n) 越南人(的)

    American (n) 美國人; 美洲人(的)

    Germany (n) 德國, travel to 後面應接地方,所以答案是這個

    6.

    (A) to smiling (B) smile (C) smiling (D) to smile

    Ans: of 是介係詞,在介係詞後要接名詞或動名詞作其受詞,

    所以如果後面是動詞,就要改成動名詞,而 smiling 就是動名詞;

    所以答案是 " C "。

    2009-10-18 12:37:12 補充:

    ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 的位置跑掉了…,應該是從 that 開始畫起。

    Source(s): CAMBERIDGE grammar book + my dictionary+internet, my after checking
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  • 1 decade ago

    1. My mom makes me [ B ] my bedroom every weekend .

    (A) to clean (B) clean (C) cleaned (D) cleaning

    「使役動詞」,有 make, have (使 ...), let 三個。這三個動詞的最大特色是,其後的第二個動詞是用「原形動詞」,不可再加 to。

    2. I don't like Brad. He always talks as if he [D]everything.

    (A) knowing (B) known (C) had known (D) knew

    在可能實現的假設的句子中,條件的部分(即 If子句)一律用現在式,不用未來式。

    3. A study showed [A]people in France tend to be slim

    because they are very active and like to exerise.

    (A) that (B) who (C) what (D) which

    證明某事 show that 或 show somebody that

    show (that)

    Mike needed a copy of the will to show that the books had been left to him.

    show somebody (that)

    We have shown our critics that we can succeed.

    4. In my [D], I forgot my keys.

    (A) hasty (B) hastily (C) hasten (D) haste

    my xxx, 我的xxx, 這裡只能用名詞,只有 haste 是名詞

    5. At the age of 24 , he traveled to [C], where he got a master's degree of art.

    (A) Japanese (B) Vietnamese (C) Germany (D) American

    traveled to xxx 這裡只能用國家,只有 Germany 是國家

    6. The customer walked out of the restaurat [C]with satifaction.

    (A) to smiling (B) smile (C) smiling (D) to smile

    smiling with satisfaction 是分詞片語,用來修飾補充前面一句 walked out of the restaurat

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