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這英文句的連接詞是哪一個?有用到關係子句?

Among the earliest telescopes were Galilean

telescopes, modeled after the simple instruments

built by Galileo, the first person to have used

telescopes to study the stars and planets.

這英文句的連接詞是哪一個?有用到關係子句?又為何要用Among這字?

根據我的理解,有逗號的關係子句,what/who/which是不可省略的

如果這句子我來寫,我想我會這樣寫。

The one of the earliest telescopes was Galilean telescopes modeled after the simple instruments built by Galileo, who is the first person to have used telescopes to study the stars and planets.

我的寫法可能很臺,但我想要瞭解原來寫法為何怎樣看都奇怪。

Update:

原句為何使用the first person to have used

如果使用the first person has used..這樣文法上的錯誤為何?

3 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    閣下您改寫的太棒了,清楚易懂。只有第一句話如改成One of the earliest

    telescopes was Galilean telescope... 這樣會更正確。

    <<這英文句的連接詞是哪一個?有用到關係子句?又為何要用Among這字?>>

    1. among指的是介於三者或三者以上的人或物。此句原結構是一倒裝

    句,亦可改寫為 Galilean telescopes were among the earliest telescopes.

    意思是說:在最早期的望遠鏡中的一種就是Galilean telescopes.

    倒裝的目的:在於方便後面的修飾(modeled after the simple instruments

    built by Galileo)可以直接放在所修飾字(Galilean telescopes)

    的後面。

    2. 至於連接詞或關係子句,基本上這句子並沒用到。

    這句子的主要子句是Among the earliest telescopes were Galilean

    telescopes. 而"modeled after the simple instruments built by Galileo"

    是一過去分詞做修飾,也可改為關係子句

    --which were modeled after the simple instruments built by Galileo, 如此

    一來本句就用到關係子句了。

    至於最後一句"the first person to have used telescopes to study the stars

    and planets"是Galileo 的同位語,指的是是第一位用望遠鏡研究星群及星

    球的人。這是一補充說明的用法,不是省略who/what/which, 就好像我們

    寫--Mary, my youngest sister, is a cute and smart girl. "my youngest sister"

    是補充說明Mary 是誰。當然本句也可以像 閣下一樣改為關係子句的補

    述用法。

  • 1 decade ago

    抱歉喔~~!

    浩浩!

    我豐股跟你借衣些錢來用~~

    那些錢我會用新台幣環你~~

    sorry抱歉

    那3e元就借我啦

    2009-10-18 20:03:59 補充:

    Galilean telescopes modeled is the one of the earliest telescopes ,that simple instruments was built by Galileo, and he was the first person used telescopes to study the stars and planets.

    以上應該是這樣寫....

    那是你三姑丈打的(這句話是哲哲打的)

    一定要選我喔...

    我幫你贊助一些

    Source(s): 這很簡單呀
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    Among the earliest telescopes were Galilean telescopes, modeled after the simple instruments built by Galileo, the first person to have used telescopes to study the stars and planets.

    這是一個簡單句(simple sentence),只用了一個對等連接詞and,來連接兩個名詞stars, planets。

    本句是倒裝句,among the earliest是介系詞片語當主詞補語。主詞是telescopes,移到後面,可以方便接受修飾語的修飾。

    modeled after the simple instruments以及built by Galileo是被動態的分詞片語,當修飾語,分別修飾前面的telescopes及instruments,均屬形容詞性質。

    the first person是Galileo的同位語。to have used telescopes及to study the starts and planets是兩個不定詞片語,當修飾語,分別修飾前面的名詞person及不定詞片語to have use telescopes,分屬形容詞及副詞性質。

    明白了結構,看這個句子就不奇怪了。在寫作時,句子能簡潔,就應簡潔,以免冗長無力。

    你的句子有點語法問題,因為在名詞和動詞在數量上不一致。此外在時態上也有問題。建議修改一下:One of the earliest telescopes is Galilean telescope ,均用單數,才能取得一致。

    2009-10-18 11:04:56 補充:

    修飾語和同位語前面加上逗號時,表示是為非限定(non-restictive或non-defining)。是提供[充分],但[非必要]的資訊。

    2009-10-19 09:00:06 補充:

    原句為何使用the first person to have used?

    [說明]這是一個名詞片語當做同位語用。其中含了一個不定詞片語當其修飾語。

    如果使用the first person has used..這樣文法上的錯誤為何?

    [說明]這是一個子句,本身是沒有錯,但放在上下文之中就要看其用法了。原句如果是這樣寫的話,就形成一個沒有連接詞的雙子句。需要加上對等連接詞。如:and.

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