What were the causes, conduct and consequences of the Mexican War of 1846?

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    Mexican–American War

    A painting of the Battle of Veracruz.

    Date April 25, 1846 – February 2, 1848

    Location Texas, New Mexico, California; Northern, Central, and Eastern Mexico; Mexico City

    Result American victory; the signing of Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and Mexican Cession.

    Belligerents

    United States Mexico

    Commanders

    James K. Polk

    Zachary Taylor

    Winfield Scott

    Stephen W. Kearny Antonio López de Santa Anna

    Mariano Arista

    Pedro de Ampudia

    José Mariá Flores

    Strength

    78,700 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers

    Casualties and losses

    13,271 total dead

    4,152 wounded

    at least 9,200 deserted or defected[1]

    5,130 Soldiers dead

    856 civilians killed

    Unknown dead from disease [2]

    [show]v • d • eMexican-American War

    Thornton Affair – Fort Texas – Palo Alto – Resaca de la Palma – Olompali – Monterey – Santa Fe – Monterrey – 1st Tabasco – Los Angeles –Chino – Dominguez Rancho – Natividad – San Pasqual – El Brazito – Rio San Gabriel – La Mesa – Cañada – Mora – Embudo Pass – Pueblo de Taos – Buena Vista – Sacramento – Veracruz – Cerro Gordo – Tuxpan – 2nd Tabasco – Contreras – Churubusco – Molino del Rey – Chapultepec – Mexico City – Huamantla – Puebla–Santa Cruz de Rosales

    History of Mexico

    This article is part of a series

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    Pre-Columbian Mexico

    Spanish conquest

    Colonial period

    War of Independence

    First Empire

    First Republic

    War with Texas

    Pastry War

    Mexican–American War

    The Reform

    Reform War

    French intervention

    Second Empire

    Restored Republic

    Porfiriato

    Revolution

    La decena trágica

    Plan of Guadalupe

    Tampico Affair

    Occupation of Veracruz

    Maximato

    Petroleum Nationalization

    Mexican miracle

    Mexico 68

    La Década Perdida

    1982 economic crisis

    Zapatista Insurgency

    1994 economic crisis

    The end of PRI's hegemony

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    v • d • e

    The Mexican–American War was an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 1848 in the wake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas. Mexico claimed ownership of Texas as a breakaway province and refused to recognize the secession and subsequent military victory by Texas in 1836.

    In the U.S. the conflict is often referred to simply as the Mexican War and sometimes as the U.S.–Mexican War. [3] In Mexico, terms for it include Intervención Estadounidense en México (American intervention in Mexico), Invasión Estadounidense de México (American[a] Invasion of Mexico), and Guerra del 47 (The War of '47).

    The most important consequences of the war for the United States were the Mexican terms of surrender under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, in which the Mexican territories of Alta California and Santa Fe de Nuevo México were ceded to the United States. In Mexico, the enormous loss of territory following the war encouraged its government to enact policies to colonize its remaining northern territories as a hedge against further losses.[citation needed] In addition the Rio Grande became the boundary between Texas and Mexico, and Mexico never again claimed ownership of Texas

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