能幫我翻譯這段期刊嗎?? 求救

extent to which they have helped people get well, adjust to ahandicap, or die peacefully. Functional nursing protects

nurses from knowing the extent to which they fail clients or

patients. The nurse can always blame others for the patient’s

pain, discomfort, dissatisfaction, or the family’s distress.

Others can be held accountable for a death that should not

have occurred, for a cross infection, or for a crippling

condition that developed during treatment. Health care,

including nursing care, is so often, in Western countries,

impersonal and technical rather than individualized and

humane. None of us wants it to be less technically effective,

but I believe all of us would like to see health care a humane

service.

If the concept of nursing, as an individualized and highly-

personal service, is to be practised by nurses, they must see

and give it as students. As nursing students are our best hope

for the future, suggested below are some characteristics of

initial, or basic, nursing education programmes that I believe

will further the concept of nursing as described above.

What kind of education will most likely produce

effective nurses?

This is a period of experimentation in nursing education in

the USA and I suspect in most countries. The 1975 Confer-

ence of the Association of Integrated and Degree Courses in

Nursing was reported under the title Nursing: An Education

or Training? (Smith 1975). The 1976 Conference, Develop-

ing a Theory of Nursing (Smith 1976), includes discussions

giving the impression that Great Britain is also experimenting

and searching for a pattern.

The following effort to suggest a programme that might

prepare effective nurses applies to the preparation of regis-

tered nurses in the USA and might also apply to the education

of the state registered nurses of Great Britain. Admittedly, I

know much more about the former than the latter and it may

seem presumptuous on my part to suggest that I can speak to

the problem of nursing education outside the USA.

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    extent to which they have helped people get well, adjust to ahandicap, or die peacefully. Functional nursing protects

    nurses from knowing the extent to which they fail clients or

    patients. 他們在多大程度上幫助的人得到好,適應ahandicap,或平靜地死去。保護功能護理

    護士知道在何種程度上他們沒有客戶端或

    病人。

    The nurse can always blame others for the patient’s

    pain, discomfort, dissatisfaction, or the family’s distress.

    護士總是指責別人對病人的

    疼痛,不適,不滿,或家庭的痛苦。

    Others can be held accountable for a death that should not

    have occurred, for a cross infection, or for a crippling

    condition that developed during treatment. Health care,

    including nursing care, is so often, in Western countries,

    他人可以被追究責任的死亡不應

    有發生,為交叉感染,或癱瘓

    條件是發達國家在治療期間。衛生保健,

    包括護理,經常是在西方國家,

    impersonal and technical rather than individualized and

    humane. None of us wants it to be less technically effective,

    but I believe all of us would like to see health care a humane

    service

    非人格化和技術,而不是個性化,

    人道。沒有,我們希望它不那麼技術上有效,

    但我相信我們所有人希望看到一個人道的醫療保健

    服務

    2009-10-16 09:27:10 補充:

    If the concept of nursing, as an individualized and highly-

    personal service, is to be practised by nurses, they must see

    and give it as students.

    如果護理的概念,作為一個個性化和高

    個性化服務,要實行由護士,一定要讓他們看到

    並給它的學生。

    2009-10-16 09:28:26 補充:

    As nursing students are our best hope

    for the future, suggested below are some characteristics of

    initial, or basic,

    由於護理專業學生是我們最好的希望

    對於未來,提出以下一些特點

    最初,或基本,

    2009-10-16 09:28:34 補充:

    nursing education programmes that I believe

    will further the concept of nursing as described above.

    What kind of education will most likely produce

    effective nurses?

    護理教育方案,我相信

    將進一步護理的概念如上所述。

    什麼樣的教育,最有可能產生

    有效的護士?

    2009-10-16 09:30:02 補充:

    This is a period of experimentation in nursing education in

    the USA and I suspect in most countries. The 1975 Confer-

    ence of the Association of Integrated and Degree Courses in

    Nursing was reported under the title Nursing: An Education

    or Training?這是一個試驗期護理教育

    美國和我猜想在大多數國家。

    2009-10-16 09:30:31 補充:

    The 1975 Confer-

    ence of the Association of Integrated and Degree Courses in

    Nursing was reported under the title Nursing: An Education

    or Training?1975年康弗,

    該協會EnCE的綜合和學士學位課程

    護理報導的標題下護理:一種教育

    或培訓?

    2009-10-16 09:31:38 補充:

    (Smith 1975). The 1976 Conference, Develop-

    ing a Theory of Nursing (Smith 1976), includes discussions

    giving the impression that Great Britain is also experimenting

    and searching for a pattern.

    (史密斯1975)。 1976年的會議,發展,

    荷蘭一理論護理(史密斯1976年),包括討論

    給人的印象是英國也是試驗

    與尋找的一種模式。

    2009-10-16 09:33:02 補充:

    impersonal and technical rather t

    The following effort to suggest a programme that might

    prepare effective nurses applies to the preparation of regis-

    tered nurses in the USA

    下面的努力,提出一個方案,可能

    制定有效的護士適用於編制吉斯,

    tered護士在美國,可能也適用於教育

    國家註冊護士大不列顛。

    2009-10-16 09:34:45 補充:

    and might also apply to the education

    of the state registered nurses of Great Britain. 可能也適用於教育

    國家註冊護士大不列顛。

    Admittedly, I

    know much more about the former than the latter and it may

    seem presumptuous on my part to suggest that I can speak to

    the problem of nursing education outside the USA.

    2009-10-16 09:36:07 補充:

    Admittedly, I

    know much more about the former than the latter and it may

    seem presumptuous on my part to suggest that I can speak to

    the problem of nursing education outside the USA

    誠然,在美國

    知道得更多關於前者比後者,它可能

    在我看來狂妄的部分建議,我可以說話

    問題護理教育,

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