how is the Jewish view of Satan different from the Christian view of satan and Islamic View?
- ✡mama pajama✡Lv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
A few others have already given you correct answers that the Hebrew Bible does not have the Christian and Islamic concepts of Satan as a Devil and ruler of an underworld hell.I will explain in a little more detail, but still suggest to go to the reference Ruth gave, too.
There is no such thing as a fallen angel in the Hebrew Bible, the Tanakh. It is an aspect of New Testament/Christian doctrine alone.
Judaism has HaSatan ( the adversary) but that does not = the Christian Devil. There is also NO such entity as "Lucifer" at all in either the Hebrew Bible or Judaism, period.
HaSatan is an angel and an adversary to humans, not to God, in the Tanakh.
The word satan appears in the Hebrew Bible when simply meaning the word adversary a couple of times, but when referencing the angel of God, the prefix "ha" meaning *the* always appears. There is a very good web page that Rabbi Federow wrote explaining the difference between the Jewish concept of Satan and the Christian concept of The Devil (or Lucifer )
The word lucifer does NOT appear at all in the Hebrew Bible. It is only in the Christian Bible’s translation of Isaiah from the LATIN. The word lucifer means star or light bearing in Latin. Isaiah wrote in HEBREW. The Hebrew word Isaiah wrote is heylel, meaning star. In the English translation of the Christian Old Testament they make the Latin word lucifer into a proper name ( Lucifer) and then personify the word Isaiah wrote referring to the planet Venus (known by the ancients in the Levant as the morning star) in a passage that Isaiah slams Nebuchadnezzar for styling himself the god/man representation of Venus (the morning star) on earth. In that narrative Isaiah is condemning a human for calling himself a god. No reference is made at all to HaSatan OR to any entity known as a devil there. There is no fall of angels in the Hebrew Bible.
Judaism is strictly monotheistic so there can be no entity that rules the underworld in opposition or contradiction to God or battles God (that would give that entity the attributes of a deity )
It will refer you to every instance that refers to HaSatan found in the Tanakh.
I HIGHLY recommend that page to anyone who wishes to understand the difference.
In addition, the Christian concept of hell can also be better understood by reading the rendition of the ancient Myth of Er in Plato's book, the Republic. In it and in his work Gorgias with reference to Tartarus, he refers to concepts that are near verbatim depictions of the Christian notions of hell a couple of hundred years prior to the New Testament. You will see that it, too is a construct from a belief system far removed from Judaism and Torah.
Many of the beliefs and concepts of Christianity borrowed WORDS , terminology and outward appearance, from Judaism, but reassigned to those things different meanings, sometimes at complete contradiction to the tenets of faith through Torah.
Judaism teaches that God created everything ( meaning both good and evil ) and gave humans the ability to master our evil inclinations. HaSatan is the adversary to humans, not to God.
Many Jews believe that "the adversary" is simply a personification of our inclinations to evil. Judaism teaches us a path through Torah precept how to overcome the evil incliation. Judaism teaches us how to be accountable for our behaviors, accept responsibility when we do wrong, make amends and choose to do better in our walk with God through Tikkun Olam. ( working as partners with God and fellow humans to repiar and restore the world to righteousness, justice, mercy and harmony)
HaSatan can be thought of as the outward projection and manifestation of the impulse to think for self alone and above all else with immediate gratification, If one believes that you are powerless to master the evil inclination IMHO that would make one an easy target for being led blindly.
Humans are more powerful than HaSatan in the Tanakh, and like all angels, have no ability or authority to do anything other than what God wills.
The Jewish belief is that angels were created first, immortal and without free will. Humans were created afterward, mortal and with free will. The human nephesh(soul) contains within it a potential for immortality, but the unrepentant soul dies. These are all different than what Christianity teaches
I have only very recently seen some Christians try to point to a passage in Ezekiel as a place referring to the fall of Satan. However, HaSatan is not mentioned at all in the entire passage. In Ezekiel 28..if one reads the actual book in context go look for yourself..please..it is the King of Tyre that is being spoken to and about..NOT about HaSatan at all. . A paraphrasing and explanation of the section is as follows: Verses 11-19 tell that a lamentation shall be raised over the king of Tyre: the personification of wisdom and beauty. Your covering is studded with the most precious stones as if you were in God's Garden of Eden. Your craftsmanship in wind instruments is as if it were preserved for the day you were born. Like the outspread cherub, so saintly were you, actually walking amidst stones of fire. You were perfect from the day you were born (*additional note..this affirms tthat original sin wasn't a concept of Jewish belief but being born pure and having abilities to choose was) until iniquity set in with you. Due to your great business dealings you were filled with violence; you have sinned, and thus, cherub, have you perished from amidst the stones of fire. Your proudness of heart has corrupted your wisdom and your brightness, and like a fire from within you has it burned you up in full view of kings and all all spectators. Whosoever knew you among the nations was shocked; like a wraith were you which is no more forever. ( Read starting with chapter 26 and it's really clear what is talked about here) LIke the passage of Isaiah..this story is all about condemning the notion of men as gods; the King of Tyre being punished by God for setting himself up as a man/god and Christian dogma tries to take portions out of context to imply they refer to the Christian concept of the Devil as a “fallen" angel. Ezekiel has taken the titles and stories the king of Tyre has styled for himself and insulted and debased him for thinking himself a god. It is clear that Ezekiel is warning about what will happen to the King of Tyre for thinking himself a man/god and for choosing to gain wealth with treachery. No devil there.
****There is no "fall" of any angels in the Hebrew Bible. period. I find it interesting that both passages of Tanakh that are linked to a fall of angels in Christian doctrine, in their context in the Hebrew Bible are condemning the notion that men can become gods.*****
The attempts to impose these concepts borrowed from the Hellenized populace and the Romans, depend on mistranslation, sometimes of verb or tense or other aspects of grammar to imply meaning not in context to the story being related.
Bottom line, Satan is an adversary to humans and not to God in the Jewish religion.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
For Jews, anything that even remotely conflicts with the idea that God is One and Indivisible will be rejected because it precludes true, pure, monotheism. The idea that there is a God in heaven above who fights against a god of the underworld, or hell, is not monotheism, however, it is the same duality found in other pagan faiths. The Bible speaks of a character known as The Satan, who acts like a prosecuting attorney, or a district attorney, in God's court. However, The Satan has no power or authority in and of himself, rather he must get permission from the Judge, God, to do anything.
Now, of course, Judaism and the Bible tell of a character called, "The Satan." Every time the term is used in the Hebrew Scriptures, it reads, "HaSaTaN," which means "THE Satan." However, the concept of The Satan is radically different from the idea of the Devil. For Christians, the devil has power and authority in and of himself. However, in the Bible, The Satan only has power granted by God, and has no authority in and of himself. For the devil, or satan, to have power and authority is to have more than one god, as we saw above concerning the Greeks and the Romans.
The Satan is described in only a few places in the Hebrew Scriptures. In every instance, he is an angel who works FOR God, not against God, and must get permission from God for everything that he does. Chronicles, Job, Psalms, and Zechariah are the only places where The Satan is mentioned. In each instance, the job description of The Satan is to act like what we now call a Prosecuting Attorney, or District Attorney, and accuse and show evidence against the defendant. Furthermore, like a D.A., The Satan must obtain permission from God, The Judge, to begin a sting operation.Source(s): http://www.whatjewsbelieve.org/
- How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
- 1 decade ago
In Hebrew 'satan' means 'adversary'.
And in Judaism, that's all 'satan' is - an adversary for humans, an angel who works for G-d, and who functions rather like a prosecuting attorney.
Judaism does not have the type of 'dualism' we find in Christianity, for instance, whereby there is a rival, opposing evil force to G-d. In Judaism *nothing* can EVER rival G-d. Judaism is pure monotheism.
There is no 'lucifer' in Judaism either. This is one of the reasons that Christians are misguided when they often claim that Judaism is the 'foundation' of Christianity. It isn't - they are in many respects polar opposites.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
so glad I don't have to live in Gerty's world
In Judaism there is the concept of Satan but he is an angel that is in the service of God. He functions essentially as a prosecuting attorney. He is not the source nor cause of evil. He is an instigator or plays the role of adversary (most notably in Job) but under God's direction. He does not nor does any other angel "rebel" against God.
- gertystorrudLv 71 decade ago
Authentic Christianity believes satan is the great Deceiver and is only here to Steal, Kill, Destroy anything and everything he can get his mits on!! Period!!