舒涵
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舒涵 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文文法達人請入內!20點大懸賞!

1. I believe that it was a mistake.

= I believe it to have been a mistake.

問:解釋一下這題所用的文法。

2. By whom _ this paper written?

(A) has (B) was (c) ought (D) should

問:為何用 was?而不是 has?

3. Yesterday I was _ an English man.

(A) spoken to by (B) spoken by to (C) spoken to (D) spoken by

問:為何選 A?解釋一下他的文法。

4. He who _ search for pearls must dive deep.

(A) could (B) should (C) would (D) can

問:為何不能用 could?解釋一下這題的文法。

5. Perhaps she didn't catch the first train.

= She may not have caught the first train.

問:題幹是過去式,為何不用 might?是因為他確定的成分比較高?可否解析一下 may 和 might 的差別,以及時態上用法的差別。(請用例句來說明)

6. Carbon-14 analysis cannot be used to date such inorganic materials as pottery shards(陶器碎片)or rock and metal artifacts, often the only traces og early man.

問:這整句的翻譯?以及 often 為何可放於逗點後?

* 希望大大們能不吝惜指教,以上,感激不盡!

Update:

抱歉忘了問,請問使役動詞 have 的用法?後面直接接原型還是可加 to?

Update 2:

喔對,那題是 of 沒錯!不好意思!

我自己去查了一下使役動詞 have 的用法了!

是加原型沒錯,感謝!

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
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    英文文法達人請入內!20點大懸賞!

    1. I believe that it was a mistake.

    = I believe it to have been a mistake.

    問:解釋一下這題所用的文法。

    believe是及物動詞, 後面要加受詞

    第一句that子句就是受詞, 也就是believe的東西

    第二句believe的受詞是it, 但是啥是it不清楚, 所以需要補充說明, 也就是to have been a mistake(受詞補語)= it

    所以兩句意思一樣囉(believe的東西都一樣), 只是表達方式不同

    2. By whom _ this paper written?

    (A) has (B) was (c) ought (D) should

    問:為何用 was?而不是 has?

    paper是物品, 所以要用被動式, 答案中只有B是被動

    3. Yesterday I was _ an English man.

    (A) spoken to by (B) spoken by to (C) spoken to (D) spoken by

    問:為何選 A?解釋一下他的文法。

    這句比較一般的表達方式應該是Yesterday an English(主詞) spoke to me. 所以我(I)實際上是受詞, 所以這裡要用被動式, 答案中只有A是正確的被動用法(被動V+by S)

    4. He who _ search for pearls must dive deep.

    (A) could (B) should (C) would (D) can

    問:為何不能用 could?解釋一下這題的文法。

    這題其實是語意的問題, 就文法來說四個答案都沒錯, 但是語意上C最通, 翻成中文就是"他既然要去找珍珠就一定要潛很深", 其他答案你可以試著翻成中文看看, 都不通順

    5. Perhaps she didn't catch the first train.

    = She may not have caught the first train.

    問:題幹是過去式,為何不用 might?是因為他確定的成分比較高?可否解析一下 may 和 might 的差別,以及時態上用法的差別。(請用例句來說明)

    這是一種假設推測的口氣

    因為原句使用過去式, 所以第二句用 may not have; 若原句使用過去完成式(she had not caught...), 則第二句才應該用might have not...

    6. Carbon-14 analysis cannot be used to date such inorganic materials as pottery shards(陶器碎片)or rock and metal artifacts, often the only traces og early man.

    問:這整句的翻譯?以及 often 為何可放於逗點後?

    這句的翻譯是"碳14鑑定分析不可以用在像陶器碎片, 岩石或金屬物品等無機物質上"

    often後面那句話你可能有漏打字或筆誤, 例如啥是og? 我猜測是of? 若是of, 那這句話應該翻譯成"碳14鑑定分析通不可以用在像陶器碎片, 岩石或金屬器具等這些遠古人類遺跡的無機物質上", 換言之, often the only traces of early man是pottery shards(陶器碎片)or rock and metal artifacts的同位格, 補充說明啥是pottery shards(陶器碎片)or rock and metal artifacts

    * 希望大大們能不吝惜指教,以上,感激不盡!

    2009-10-14 14:14:11 補充

    抱歉忘了問,請問使役動詞 have 的用法?後面直接接原型還是可加 to?

    加原型比較對

    Source(s): 自己
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