Lv 4
Sarah asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

How did britain colonise Australia?

How did James Cook find australia, and then how did Britain claim it for the empire?

I need to know the story behind this battle if there is one, but not that we used the country to send convicts to. I have searched the internet and cannot find a relevant story, Thanks :)

4 Answers

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Hey, i spent a wile typing this, hope it helps, it explains everything. =)

    Before James Cook Mapped out lots of Australia, people knew there was land there, it was called New Holland, however nobody had colonized it.

    James Cook went and mapped out Australia, i think he was looking for a good place to build a first settlement for the British.

    James Cook declared Australia for Britain (Australia is Latin for South land or something like that"

    The British declared the land empty despite millions of Native Aboriginal people living there.

    In a short period of time Britain sent hundreds of thousands of British convicts (Criminals) to colonize Australia.

    Most the Convicts came from large cities in England such as London, which is why the Australian accent sounds so similar to the London Accent.

    The British needed a place to put their crimminals, it also wanted another Colony, Australia needed women to keep the Australian population from dropping, so it sent women to Australia for very small reasons, this was so they would have children andAustralia could suport itself.

    The first British settlement on Australia was Sydney.

    When the British started arriving, the Native people of Australia, the Aboriginals started to die in their millions from new European diseases they had no immunity too.

    Australia was given its Independence from Britain in 1901, it was given Independence to make things easier for Britain and it was also more profitable for Britain, they remained a part of the British Commonwealth, to this day they still have the queen of England as their queen.

    Many British started moving to Australia during WW1, including many British Orphans.

    Most Australians are of British decent.

    The Australian and New Zealand flag has the British flag in the top left hand corner.

    The Native Australians (the Aborigniese) were nearly wiped out, only a few thousand are alive today.

    Australia has never been to war with Britain, most Australians are of British blood.

    Australia, although independant from Britain, chose to go to war when Britain did in WW1 AND WW2, many many Australians died protecting Britain fighting side by side with the British, they formed what is know as the ANZACS (Australian and New Zealand army corps) my grandads brother was an ANZAC who died during WW2.

    Australians refer to Britian as their Mother country.

    Edit, a funny little story is that when the British Convicts were sent to Australia, during their mounths long voyage to Australia by ship, they had POME written on them, this stood for Property of Mother England, or Property of Her Majestys England....

    This is why today much of the world such as the Australians, South Africans and so on call the British Pomes or Pommys

    Australians call people from New Zealnd, who have a very similar history with the British, south sea Pomes, this is aparntly because they sound more British.

    Australians also call other Australians that speak with a accent that sounds very English Pomes also, even though they are Australian.

  • 1 decade ago

    James Cook's voyage was for astronomy, but he had the secondary instruction to explore the south-west Pacific where a land mass was thought to exist. The Dutch had bumped the northern parts of Australia and it was suspected that a huge, Asia-like land mass could be in the southern hemisphere. Cook mapped the east coast of Australia, suggested possible sites for a colony, and collected plant and animal samples, and he 'claimed' the land for Britain. This was 1770.

    With the US War of Independence, the industrial revolution and British ruling class fears of uprising, and European rivalries, it became logical to send 12 ships with convicts to settle Sydney, arriving 1788. This solved many problems at once in the thrifty British style. At first the colony struggled with infertile soil, few women, corruption (the Royal Navy governors had no authority over the British Army 'police'), and small-scale clashes with the indigenous population. The early governors tries to have an 'enlightened' approach. Killing of aborigines became large scale in later decades as farmers moved further west and land rivalries developed. Secondary colonies were established in Tasmania and Moreton bay, which became Brisbane.

    In 1810 an army governor was sent out with his own troops to resolve the corruption. Lachlan Macquarie saw the colony as the base of a new nation, not just a penal colony, and he built it up with lots of basic steps: a currency (rum had been the main 'currency'!), large buildings around which Sydney town developed, land grants to time-expired convicts, and the encouragement of free settlers.

    By the 1830s there were many free settlers, people born in the colony, and time-expired convicts who often made good businessmen. They wanted fewer convicts to be 'dumped' in Sydney.

    The nature of Australia and settlement meant there were few large-scale battles between the British and aborigines, although those that did take place- almost always simply massacres- are poorly recorded in Australian history. There has in recent years been a 'history war' in Australia between those who say without documentation such massacres are just hearsay and conjecture, and those who argue that the aboriginal oral history tradition should not be used as an excuse to pretend there was no resistance to the British.

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    4 years ago

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  • sbdfhs
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    I don't think there was a battle as such. It was too big. The British just found it and went there. It was a bit too far for most people to go to, although the Dutch did visit.

    Once the British had found it, they knew it was much too far to get people to go there of their own accord so they stocked it with convicts.

    There is no story, that's why its not on the net!

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