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AA asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

(急)英文文章翻譯

A CENTURY ago the ideas of an American naval officer, Alfred Thayer Mahan—pal of Teddy Roosevelt, inventor of the term “the Middle East”, advocate of American expansionism in Asia and father of the modern American navy—were much in vogue among military strategists and great-power leaders. Now they are back in fashion again, this time among Asia’s rising powers.

Mahan was a founding father of geopolitics, in particular the notion that geography—poring over maps—should inform foreign policy more than any other consideration. It was the wine-dark sea that interested him most. His book, “The Influence of Sea Power Upon History”, was self-fulfilling, helping sea power shape history, though not for the better. Mahan concluded that command of seaborne commerce was the key to winning wars, and that what was needed was an “overbearing power on the sea which drives the enemy’s flag from it”. Wilhelm, the German Kaiser, loved the book, once saying he was trying to learn it by heart. The naval arms race between Germany and Britain that followed was both catastrophic and avoidable.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    給您參考:

    A CENTURY ago the ideas of an American naval officer, Alfred Thayer Mahan—pal of Teddy Roosevelt, inventor of the term “the Middle East”, advocate of American expansionism in Asia and father of the modern American navy—were much in vogue among military strategists and great-power leaders. Now they are back in fashion again, this time among Asia’s rising powers.

    一個世紀以前, 一個美國海軍軍官,阿爾菲德。塞爾。梅漢的想法在當時的軍事策略家和強勢領導者中非常盛行 – 他是泰德。羅斯福總統的好朋友,“中東”一詞的發明者,美國向亞洲擴張主義的倡議者,又是美國現代海軍之父。現在這種想法又在亞洲逐漸興起的強權中流行起來了。

    Mahan was a founding father of geopolitics, in particular the notion that geography—poring over maps—should inform foreign policy more than any other consideration. It was the wine-dark sea that interested him most. His book, “The Influence of Sea Power Upon History”, was self-fulfilling, helping sea power shape history, though not for the better. Mahan concluded that command of seaborne commerce was the key to winning wars, and that what was needed was an “overbearing power on the sea which drives the enemy’s flag from it”. Wilhelm, the German Kaiser, loved the book, once saying he was trying to learn it by heart. The naval arms race between Germany and Britain that followed was both catastrophic and avoidable.

    梅漢是地理政治之父,尤其是在此課題: 地理(縱覽地圖)應該是主導外交政策的最優先考量。他最有興趣的是那如酒般的深色海洋。他的書,“海權對歷史的影響”,自我應驗地建立海權塑造歷史地位,雖然此影響不見得是件好事。梅漢總結說,海上商貿的掌握是戰爭得勝之鑰,而達此目的之關鍵在於“強大到足以驅逐一切敵人旗幟的海權”。威爾漢,當時的日耳曼皇帝,愛極了這本書。他說他曾經嘗試著把這本書背下來。爾後發生的英德海軍武力競賽不但是一場浩劫,更是原來可以避免的。

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  • 1 decade ago

    一個世紀前美國海軍軍官,泰德・羅斯夫,發明者期限「中東」,提倡者的美國擴張主義在現代美國人的亞洲和父親的Alfred Thayer Mahan好朋友的想法在軍事戰略家和大國領導之中海軍是正在流行。 現在他們再回來以時尚,這次在亞洲的上升的力量之中。

    Mahan是地緣政治學的創立人,特別是概念地理熟讀更比其他考慮地圖應該通知對外政策。 它是最感興趣他的酒黑暗的海。 他的書, 「海軍的影響在歷史」,自已履行,幫助的海軍形狀歷史,雖則不為好。 Mahan認為海運的商務命令是鑰匙到贏取的戰爭,并且,什麼是需要的是「傲慢的力量在從它駕駛敵人的旗子」的海。 一旦說他設法學會它靠記意, Wilhelm,德國人Kaiser,愛書。 海軍軍備競賽在跟隨的德國和英國之間是災難和能避免的。

    Source(s): 網路
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