Cancer diseases starts in the cells, the making blocks that make up tissues. Tissues make up the parts of our body. Normally, cells grow up and break up to form new cells as the body requirements them. When cells grow up older, they die, and new cells acquire their place. In cancer disease, this orderly process goes wrong. New cells form when the body does not want them, and old cells do not die when they should. These additional cells can form a gathering of tissue called a development or tumor.
In Cancer disease most common cancer is breast cancer in women. Sharp alertness of breast cancer risk in the earlier period decades has led to an raise in the number of women undergo mammography for screening, leading to detection of cancers in earlier stage and a resultant improvement in survival rates. Breast cancer is the most common reason of death in women between the ages of 45 and 55.
Breast cancer is a very rare disease in men. Breast cancer disease in men occurs for about 1% of all cancer deaths in men. Men get the cancer after the age of 35. Breast cancer is uncommon for men. Men have small breast and few ducts enclosed by breast then women, so the amounts of breast tissue are less but men can by suffer by breast cancer. Types of breast cancer are same in both the men and women. The risk for developing breast cancer seems to be in men who have had an abnormal growth of their breasts in reaction to drug or hormone treatments, or even some infections and poisons. Abnormal growth of breast due to drug, hormonal treatment or infection is called Gynecomastia. The symptoms of Breast cancer in men are lumps on his chest, bleeding from the nipple and abnormal skin on breast. Breast cancer is a very serious matter in both the men and women. In men breast cancer is diagnosed in last stage because men are not more serious of an abnormality in breast area and breast tissue is harder to feel cancer early.
The breasts assemble on the chest muscles that cover up the ribs. Every breast is prepared by 15 to 20 lobes. Lobes hold many smaller lobules. Lobules hold groups of small glands that can produce milk. Milk flows from the lobules through thin tubes. These thin tubes called ducts to the nipple. The nipple is in the middle of a dark area of skin. These are called the areola. Fat fills the spaces between the lobules and ducts.
The breasts also hold lymph vessel. This vessel leads to small round organs. This organ called lymph nodes. Groups of lymph nodes are close to the breast in the axilla (underarm), on top of the collarbone, in the chest at the back the breastbone, and in a lot of other parts of the body. The lymph nodes catch bacteria, cancer cells, or other dangerous substance.
Symptoms of breast cancer
Some common symptom of breast cancer in men and women are as follows:
A change in how the breast or nipple feels and looks.
A change in the volume or figure of the breast.
A nipple curved inward into the breast.
The skin of the breast, areola, or nipple may be rough, red, or swollen. It may have ridges or pitting so that it looks like the skin of an orange.
Bleeding from the nipple and abnormal skin on breast
If you have any one indication or screening test report that suggests cancer, then take it seriously and immediately contact to your doctor and confirm that it is due to cancer or to some other reason. Doctor may family history. You may have a physical exam. Your doctor also may arrange a mammogram or supplementary imaging procedure. These tests compose films of tissues surrounded by the breast. Later than the tests, your doctor may decide to other test. You may require having a biopsy to seem for cancer cells. Doctor may take the following test:
Clinical breast exam:
Doctor feels each breast for lumps and looks for supplementary problems. If you have a lump surround breast, doctor will feel its size, shape, and quality and also check to see if it moves easily. Benign lumps frequently feel dissimilar from cancerous ones. A hard, unusually shaped lump that feels definitely attached surrounded by the breast is more possible to be cancer.
Diagnosis throw the X-Rays picture of the breast is called Diagnostic mammograms. Doctor takes clearer, added detailed picture of areas that look unusual on a screening mammogram. Doctors study more about abnormal breast changes such as pain size or shape. Diagnostic mammograms may focus on a particular part of the breast. They may occupy special techniques and more views than screening mammograms.
In this technique doctor use a computer to view the picture on monitor screen. Picture shows whether a lump is solid or full with liquefied. A cyst is a fluid-filled sac. Cysts are not cancer but a solid mass may be cancer. Doctor can store the pictures on video or print them out for study. This exam may be used with mammogram.
Magnetic resonance imaging
In this diagnosis MRI uses a powerful magne