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1. 環乙酮 or 環己酮? <Cyclohexanone or Anone>

- 特性 ==> colorless, oily liquid with an acetone-like smell. slightly soluble in water (5-10 g/100 ml), but miscible with the most common organic solvents.

- 常用處 ==> employed as an industrial solvent and as activator in oxidation reactions, used in the production of adipic acid, cyclohexanone resins, caprolactam and nylon 6.

- 危險性 ==> harmful

2. 三氯甲烷<Chloroform>

- 特性 ==> Density and phase 1.48 g/cm3, liquid Solubility in water 0.8 g/100 ml at 20 °C, Melting point −64 °C, Boiling point 62 °C, Viscosity 0.542 cP at 25 °C

- 常用處 ==> inhaled anesthetic during surgery (before 20 century), freon refrigerant R-22 which is replaced by Montreal Protocol, solvent, dyes, pestides, phase-transfer catalyst

- 危險性 ==> a subset of environmental pollutants known as trihalomethanes, a by-product of chlorination of drinking water and a long-standing health concern.

3. N-環己基甲胺; N-甲基環己胺<dimethylcyclohexylamine or DMCHA>

- 特性 ==> colorless liquid, decomposes on burning producing toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides, a medium strong base, can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion,

- 常用處 ==>rigid foams, insulation foams, including spray, slabstock, board laminate and refrigeration formulations, also used in rigid foam furniture frame and decorative parts manufacturing. a good catalyst

- 危險性 ==> corrosive to the skin, the eyes and the respiratory tract.

4. N-甲基苯胺<2,3-dimethylaniline, o-xylidine, 2,3-xylylamine, 2,3-dimethylphenylamine>

- 特性 ==> brown liquid, boiling point: 221 - 222 C, density (g cm-3): 0.993, flash point: 96 C and water solubility: slight

1 Answer

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  • 嬌嬌
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1。環乙酮或環己酮? <Cyclohexanone或Anone>

    -特性==“無色油狀液體,有一丙酮類似的氣味。微溶於水(5-10 g/100毫升),但混溶最常見的有機溶劑。

    -常用處==“就業作為一種工業溶劑和催化劑的氧化反應,用於生產己二酸,環己酮樹脂,己內酰胺,尼龍6。

    -危險性==“有害

    2。三氯甲烷<Chloroform>

    -特性==“密度1.48 g/cm3的階段,液體在水中溶解度0.8 g/100毫升20℃時,熔點-64 ° C,沸點62℃,粘度0.542厘泊在25 ° C

    -常用處==“吸入麻醉在手術過程中(前20世紀),氟利昂製冷劑R - 22的是蒙特利爾議定書所取代,溶劑,染料,pestides,相轉移催化劑

    -危險性==“的一個子集的環境污染物稱為三鹵甲烷,一副產品氯化飲用水和長期健康的關注。

    3。 Ñ -環己基甲胺,ñ -甲基環己胺<dimethylcyclohexylamine或DMCHA>

    -特性==“無色液體,分解燃燒產生有毒氣體包括氮氧化物,一中強鹼,可以吸收到體內通過吸入,經皮膚和食入,

    -常用處==“硬質泡沫,絕緣泡沫材料,包括噴霧,塊狀,層壓板和冷藏配方,也用於硬質泡沫家具框架及裝飾件的製造。一個很好的催化劑

    -危險性==“腐蝕皮膚,眼睛和呼吸道。

    4。 ñ -甲基苯胺“2,3 -二甲基苯胺,鄰二甲基苯胺,2,3 - xylylamine,2,3 - dimethylphenylamine”

    -特性==“棕色液體,沸點:221 - 222葷,密度(g厘米- 3):0.993,閃點:96 C和水溶性:輕微

    Source(s): Google翻譯
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