博翔 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

簡單英文例句觀念問題2

請教這裡英文能力強及資深前輩們,想請教下列例句

1.I'm afraid price will continue to rise

此句為啥非使用"raise"???

2.It is expected for the leaders of all nations to discuss the creation of a free trade agreement

此句屬於虛主詞的架構嗎???(It is ......to)

3.He was nearly hit by the car while crossing the street

此句的原句是下列哪一句???

(a)He was nearly hit by the car while he crossd the street

(b)He was nearly hit by the car while he was crossing the street

4.It's a perfect match for this computer system

此句算是虛主詞結構嗎???

5.He kept his dog tied up to a tree

此句無名詞子句當主詞,為啥會有kept、tied二動詞????

Update:

真誠請教,別亂回答或誤人指弟

Update 2:

謝謝阿布大大的回答

但我還是不懂

還有哪位大大可以跟你賜教嗎????

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    1.I'm afraid price will continue to rise

    此句為啥非使用"raise"???

    rise 是指事和物自己"升起"'

    像是太陽升起 sunrise

    溫度上升 temperature rise

    raise 是指人的動作 "抬起"’

    像是抬起手 raised my hand

    政府提高稅率 government is going to raise taxes

    Price 指的是物價

    物價式自己受市場調控

    自己上漲的

    所以用rise

    2.It is expected for the leaders of all nations to discuss the creation of a free trade agreement

    此句屬於虛主詞的架構嗎???(It is ......to)

    It 是虛主詞

    這邊代替the leaders of all nations to discuss the creation of a free trade agreement

    還原的話

    the leaders of all nations to discuss the creation of a free trade agreement is expected.

    為了不要句子有虎頭蛇尾的性質

    必須使用須主詞來讓句子比較漂亮

    3.He was nearly hit by the car while crossing the street

    此句的原句是下列哪一句???

    就語意來說

    (a) He was nearly hit by the car while he crossd the street

    這句表是說她被撞的時候只有那一時刻他過馬路的時候

    (b) He was nearly hit by the car while he was crossing the street

    這表示他被撞的時候正在過馬路的過程都被表示出

    就文法來說

    本題考分詞構句

    通常都是同樣的主詞才可以省略

    1. 主詞都是he

    2. while crossing the street 變成 while he was crossing the street

    4.It's a perfect match for this computer system

    此句算是虛主詞結構嗎???

    It代替this computer system

    原句是this computer system is a perfect match.

    5.He kept his dog tied up to a tree

    此句無名詞子句當主詞,為啥會有kept、tied二動詞????

    本題有關係代名詞省略的概念

    原句是He kept his dog which was tied up to a tree.

    關代省略

    1. which先省去

    2. was 改成being

    3. being省略

    4. 就變成He kept his dog tied up to a tree

    5. 所以才有一句兩動詞

    Source(s): 自己
  • 1 decade ago

    1 . I'm afraid price will continue to rise

    因為rise是不及物動詞

    就像happen一樣

    發生事情是用 something happened

    而不是 happened something

    rise vi 上升(主詞有形)

    EX:the price rise (物價上漲)

    arise vi 發生 ; 產生(主詞無形)

    EX: the depression arose (經濟蕭條)

    raise vt 飼養 ; 舉起 ; 提高 ; 募款

    EX: raised a glass

    arouse vt 激起(接無形受詞)

    EX:arose my pity

    2 . It is expected for the leaders of all nations to discuss the creation of a free trade agreement

    是的 !!

    因為主詞太長了 以虛主詞方式呈現

    3.He was nearly hit by the car while crossing the street

    此句的原句是下列哪一句???

    基本上兩個答案應該都是可以的

    但是b會比較符合語意

    現在文法分的只有在

    兩邊"皆為進行式"的時候才一定要用 while

    4.It's a perfect match for this computer system

    此句算是虛主詞結構嗎???

    此時的 it 應該是代名詞的作用

    代替前者的東西 ( 因為他沒說是啥 我也不知道 ˇˇ)

    5. He kept his dog tied up to a tree

    此時的kept 是當 保持 ... 狀態解釋

    而 tied up 是過去分詞當形容詞用

    像是

    He kept conscious

    就是形容詞的用法 !!

    Source(s): 我自己 ...
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